Change Model (Beckhard)
Change Equation

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Getting a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization. Explanation of Change Equation of Beckhard and Harris. ('87)

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The Change Model (also: Change Formula, Change Equation) of Richard Beckhard and Reuben T. Harris (1987) is actually attributed by them to  David Gleicher. It is a simple yet powerful tool that gives you a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization.


Beckhard Change Model Formula EquationA milestone in Organizational Development

Historically, the Change Equation can be seen as a major milestone for the field of Organizational Development. Organization Development has expanded gradually over time, in response to the needs of employers. These employers not only want to move their organizations forward in terms of business objectives, but also in terms of employee engagement. Today's employers understand the connection between employee involvement and organizational success.
 

Employee involvement

The move to employee involvement in change, and the use of internal or external consultants to manage reactions to change, represents a shift in thinking from earlier management theory, such as Frederick Winslow Taylor's scientific management approach, which became known as Taylorism. This "command-and-control" approach drew a sharp line between managers and employees. The underlying philosophy was that "workers work, and managers think." Taylor's method was a reflection of the times, i.e., the industrial age with its factories unions, and assembly lines - environments that needed tight management control.

Taylor's view was eventually complemented (replaced) by the human relations movement, as organizational psychology and group dynamics evolved, paving the way for more worker involvement and benefits, and the theory of worker motivation.
 

Formula of the Change Equation

The Change Model Formula (Change Equation) is:


D  x  V  x  F  >  R

 

=

 

Dissatisfaction  x  Vision  x  First Steps  >  Resistance to Change


Three components of overcoming resistance

The Change Equation can help one understand that all three components must be present to overcome the resistance to change in an organization:

  • Dissatisfaction with the present situation,
  • Vision of what is possible in the future, and
  • Achievable first steps towards reaching this vision.

If any of the three is zero or near zero, the product will also be zero or near zero and the resistance to change will dominate.


Change Equation Forum
  The Three A's of Change Management
Whatever the nature of change it always follows a three step process:

Awareness ⇒ Acceptance ⇒ Action.

Understanding this process helps us to manage change better for ourselves.
Everything we do has an element ...
     
 
  Application of Change Equation
I am looking for ideas on how the change equation model can be applied in an organization of more than 500 employees. How does it work practically? Any comments or ideas welcome! Thanks......
     
 
  Alternate Systemic Change Equation
I propose an alternative model of formula of the success of systemic change as:

Ssc = CML/PML > CR - (f C+Ews)

Ssc = success of systemic change
CML = change management leadership
PML = project management le...
     
 
  Adjusted Change Equation Model
I have always adapted this model as follows, which makes it more useful and clear:
D x G x Ps x S > R, or:
Dissatisfaction x Goal x Practical next steps x Support from management > Resistance to Change.
G = Goal is clear
Ps = Pr...
     
 
  Most Important Change Factor
It is true that there is a dose of many factors involved in change, but the WILL (to change) is the key?...
     
 
  List of Reasons for Change
Management is continually challenged to re-invent itself, if not for the organization at large, then for itself, as a means of fighting complacency and mediocrity.
It is laughable though, when change is advocated simply for the sake of change, w...
     
 
  Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change motion without force. So without some first steps no change can happen.
- The first steps are necessary to take one out of inertia.
- Dissatisfaction is like acceleration, the higher it is,...
     
 
  Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate crisis....
     
 

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Best Practices - Change Equation Premium

Expert Tips - Change Equation Premium
 

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Organizational change is often difficult to achieve because it disturbs the hierarchical structures and the way to accomplish things. For this reason ...
Usage (application): Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives
 
 
 

Leadership Strategies for Change

In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Blanchard Leading Through Change program, in whic...
Usage (application): Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
 
 
 

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

I have added a C to the model for Confidence and/or perceived Competence. One needs to believe that the change is possible and/or that they can...
Usage (application): Conditions to Change an Organization
 
 
 

What Change Agents Should I Use?

When choosing between internal or external change agents, organizations should consider following advantages and disadvantages of each o...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management
 
 
 

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organizationís Capacity for Change

In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization Ė Stewardship for Leading Change", James Edwin Kee and Kathryn E. Newcomer argue that th...
Usage (application): Leading Change
 
 
 

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin identified three phases/stages of change that are still the basis of many change management approac...
Usage (application): Change Management
 
 
 

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

Speculand (2009) suggests six mind shifts that people should consider when they're implementing new strategies in organizations. These are outlined an...
Usage (application): Change Management, Strategic Change, Resistance to CHange, Strategy Implementation
 
 
 

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how:
- Why do we want to change? - the constraints imp...
Usage (application): Preparing Strategic Change
 
 
 

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework of seven Cís that can guide one successfully thro...
Usage (application): Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
 
 
 

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen as innovation in the sense th...
Usage (application): Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
 
 
 

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

In management literature the role of the CEO in formulating and implementing strategic change has often been emphasized.
An interesting view to s...
Usage (application): Communicating Strategic Change
 
 

Resources - Change Equation Premium

The Nature and Complexity of Organizational Change

Presentation about organizational change. The presentation discusses and highlights the complexity and multi-dimensional nature of (organizational) ch...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change
 

Effective Change Leadership and Management: Principles, Frameworks and Tools

Comprehensive presentation on leadership and management in a change context.
1. Introduction and Overview
2. What is the difference between ...
Usage (application): Change Management, Change Leadership
 

Resistance to Change and Its Management

This presentation focuses on a specific dimension of change management, namely the management of resistance to change of individuals. The presentation...
Usage (application): Change Management, Resistance to Change, Change Resistance
 

Dealing with Resistance to Change

This presentation focuses on resistance to change and ways to overcome or prevent it. The presentation has good graphics and includes the following se...
Usage (application): Change Management, Resistance to Change
 

What is Change Management?

In this video Elissa Farrow from About Your Transition explains the relatively new concept of Organizational Change Management: transitioning individu...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of Change Management
 

Managing Organizational Change

This is a presentation about the ways to manage change. The presentation includes the following sections:
1. Introduction
2. Change accordin...
Usage (application): Change Management, Leading Change, Organizational Development
 

22 Best Practices in Change Management

Presentation starts with short introduction of managing organizational change and then outlines 22 best practices in change management.
1. Proces...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change
 

Dealing with Strong Resisters

Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing with "No, No, People" (strong resisters in change initiatives).
According to Kotter in a major...
Usage (application): Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop
 

Evaluating Organizational Change: Approaches, Reasons, Types and Processes

This presentation elaborates on how to evaluate organizational change. The presentation includes the main known approaches and their PROs and CONs and...
Usage (application): Change Management, Success of Organizational Change, Organizational Learning
 

Tips for Successful Change Management

Gavin Wedell explains that to change one's organization, one must change one's inner being.
In today's world market conditions, customers demands...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of How to Manage Change Successfully
 

The Importance of Adapting to Change

Dave Weber reveals that Charles Darwin never said that the strongest of the species survives.
What he actually said was that it is NOT the strong...
Usage (application): Change Management, Need to Change, Change Management
 

Change Equation Diagram

Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in intranets, websites, books, ma...
Usage (application): Overcoming Resistance to Change
 
 

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Compare with the Change Model Formula: DICE Framework  |  Forget Borrow Learn  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  RACI  |  Change Iceberg  |  Change Phases  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Planned Behavior  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Kaizen  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Seven Habits


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership  |  Program & Project Management


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