Change Model[变革模型] (Beckhard)
Change Equation[变革平衡公式] (Beckhard)



迅速获取对组织变革可能性及变革条件的直观印象。 BeckhardHarris的Change Equation[变革平衡公式]解析。 (‘87)


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变革平衡公式(Change Equation), 亦称作为变革公式(Change Formula)、变革模型(Change Model),是由Richard Beckhard和Reuben T Harris二人在David Gleicher的研究基础上共同提出的(1987), 一个简单有效的管理工具,用以迅速获取对组织变革可能性及变革条件的直观印象。

Beckhard Change Model[变革模型]公式等式组织发展的里程碑

从历史角度来看,变革平衡公式完全可以被视作为组织发展研究领域的一个里程碑。 组织顺应着管理者的需求,随着时间推移,在不断向前发展。 现在,管理者所希望的组织发展,不仅仅着眼于组织目标的实现,而且还期望员工的积极参与, 管理者已经深刻理解到了员工参与与组织成功之间的紧密关系。


鼓励员工参与组织变革,调用组织内部或外部力量处理变革引发的各种反应,这些变化代表了管理理论、管理思想的变迁。如泰勒的科学管理理论(即众所周知的“泰勒制”), 这种“命令-控制管理法”在管理者与员工之间划出了一条清晰的界线, 它的潜藏思想就是“管理者管人,工人受管于人”。 泰勒制是时代的产物,在工会盛行、流水线备受倚重的工业化时代,严格的管理控制是必须的。




D x V x F > R




Dissatisfaction x Vision x First Steps > Resistance to Change ( 不满情绪 x 变革愿景 x 初步实践 > 变革阻力)



  • 对当前形势状况的不满;
  • 对组织未来愿景的期望;
  • 迈向愿景的努力初步实现。


  The Three A's of Change Management
Whatever the nature of change it always follows a three step process:

Awareness ⇒ Acceptance ⇒ Action.

Understanding this process helps us to manage change better for ourselves.
Everything we do has an element ...
  Application of Change Equation
I am looking for ideas on how the change equation model can be applied in an organization of more than 500 employees. How does it work practically? Any comments or ideas welcome! Thanks......
  Alternate Systemic Change Equation
I propose an alternative model of formula of the success of systemic change as:

Ssc = CML/PML > CR - (f C+Ews)

Ssc = success of systemic change
CML = change management leadership
PML = project management le...
  Adjusted Change Equation Model
I have always adapted this model as follows, which makes it more useful and clear:
D x G x Ps x S > R, or:
Dissatisfaction x Goal x Practical next steps x Support from management > Resistance to Change.
G = Goal is clear
Ps = Pr...
  Most Important Change Factor
It is true that there is a dose of many factors involved in change, but the WILL (to change) is the key?...
  List of Reasons for Change
Management is continually challenged to re-invent itself, if not for the organization at large, then for itself, as a means of fighting complacency and mediocrity.
It is laughable though, when change is advocated simply for the sake of change, w...
  Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change motion without force. So without some first steps no change can happen.
- The first steps are necessary to take one out of inertia.
- Dissatisfaction is like acceleration, the higher it is,...
  Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate crisis....

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最佳实践 - 变革平衡公式 高级帐户

Expert Tips (ENG) - Change Equation 高级帐户

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Organizational change is often difficult to achieve because it disturbs the hierarchical structures and the way to accomplish things. For this reason ...
Usage (application)Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives

Leadership Strategies for Change

In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Blanchard Leading Through Change program, in whic...
Usage (application)Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

I have added a C to the model for Confidence and/or perceived Competence. One needs to believe that the change is possible and/or that they can...
Usage (application)Conditions to Change an Organization

What Change Agents Should I Use?

When choosing between internal or external change agents, organizations should consider following advantages and disadvantages of each o...
Usage (application)Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organizations Capacity for Change

In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization Stewardship for Leading Change", James Edwin Kee and Kathryn E. Newcomer argue that th...
Usage (application)Leading Change

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin identified three phases/stages of change that are still the basis of many change management approac...
Usage (application)Change Management

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

Speculand (2009) suggests six mind shifts that people should consider when they're implementing new strategies in organizations. These are outlined an...
Usage (application)Change Management, Strategic Change, Resistance to CHange, Strategy Implementation

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how:
- Why do we want to change? - the constraints imp...
Usage (application)Preparing Strategic Change

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework of seven Cs that can guide one successfully thro...
Usage (application)Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen as innovation in the sense th...
Usage (application)Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

In management literature the role of the CEO in formulating and implementing strategic change has often been emphasized.
An interesting view to s...
Usage (application)Communicating Strategic Change

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返回到分类主页: 变革与组织  |  人力资源管理  |  领导力  |  计划与项目管理


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