DICE Framework (BCG)

Knowledge Center

   

Figuring out whether change projects will fly or die. Explanation of the DICE Framework of the Boston Consulting Group. ('94, '05)

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

BCG Framework DICE Factors

What is the DICE Framework? Description

The DICE Framework is a tool of the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) that can be used to calculate how well a company is implementing its change initiatives, or how well it will be able to implement its change initiatives. Can we expect certain initiatives to be successful or are they doomed to failure from their inception? According to an article by Harold L. Sirkin, Perry Keenan and Alan Jackson from BCG in the Harvard Business Review of October 2005, soft factors that influence the success of a change program include: vision, leadership, organizational culture, employee motivation, top-down or participatory approach. But there are also a number of hard factors, which are not always receiving the attention that they deserve. These hard DICE Factors are:

  • D: Duration. For short project: its total length. For long projects: the time between formal reviews of milestones.
  • I: Integrity. The project team's ability to successfully complete the change project on time.
  • C: Commitment.
    • C1: Backing from the most influential executives (often, but not necessarily top management).
    • C2: (Lack of) support from employees who are being influenced by the change.
  • E: Effort. How much work does the change initiative require above the regular workload of employees.

The DICE framework builds a continuum:

  • At one extreme there are short projects which are led by a skilled, motivated, and cohesive team. They are championed by top management. And implemented in a department that is receptive for the change and has to put in very little additional effort. Such projects are very likely to succeed.
  • At the other extreme there are long, comprehensive projects that are executed by a non-expert, unenthusiastic, and disjoined team. Without any top-level sponsors and aimed at a function that does not like the change and has to spend a lot of extra work. Such projects will normally not succeed.

Origin of the DICE Framework. History

The DICE Framework is based on a 1992-1994 research project by BCG that analyzed 225 companies. The framework has been used at over 1100 companies since then, confirming that these factors are (the only) correlated to predict the outcome of change projects.

 

Calculation of the DICE Framework. Formula

By using a set of simple questions, each factor must be given a score from 1 (very favorable) to 4 (highly unlikely to contribute to success). Next, the DICE score is calculated, applying the following formula: DICE Score = D + (2 x I) + (2 x C1) +C2 + E.

7 is the best possible score. 28 the worst. Projects between 7 to 14 are in the "Win Zone" and are very likely to succeed. Projects between 14 and 17 in the "Worry Zone" are risky. Projects with scores over 17 are in the "Woe Zone" and are very risky.


Usage of the DICE Framework. Applications

  • Track the score of a project over time.
  • Compare the score of a project with the scores of previous projects.
  • Compare the score of a project before and after making changes to the structure of a project.
  • Manage a portfolio of projects. Determine which ones should receive the most attention and resources.
  • Provide a common language to discuss change.
  • Enforce conversation / communication.

Strengths of the DICE Framework. Benefits

  • Hard factors such as the DICE Factors can be measured, communicated and influenced.
  • Simplicity. Enables communication.
  • Consistency. Standard way of determining project feasibility.
  • Using a framework helps managers to evaluate projects consciously.

Limitations of the DICE Framework. Disadvantages

  • Determining the scores is a subjective process.
  • Simplicity. The method does not deal with the soft change factors, although they are important.

Assumptions of the DICE Framework. Conditions

  • Organizations should pay attention to 4 hard change factors before considering soft change elements when considering or evaluating a change initiative.

DICE Framework Forum
  How to Implement DICE?
The DICE analysis sounds interesting to be implemented and catches my attention for a couple of projects running in my organization. I would like to have some tips on how to prepare a DICE questionnaire to get the scores. Can someone who has i...
     
 
  DICE Questions List Needed
For this to be considered even reasonably objective need a list of questions that can be used to objectively measure the dice factors.
As currently described here these factors are not at all hard but very much soft and subjective....
     
 
  DICE Framework Criticisms
1. The DICE framework is a good effort to measure a change process more objectively. However, the DICE factors such as duration, integrity, commitment and effort which are termed as hard factors are essential subjective parameters depending on ind...
     
 

DICE Framework Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

DICE Framework Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Best Practices - DICE Framework Premium

Expert Tips - DICE Framework Premium
 

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organization’s Capacity for Change

In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization – Stewardship for Leading Change", James Edwin Kee and Kathryn E. Newcomer argue that th...
Usage (application): Leading Change
 
 
 

Creating Organizations to Produce Breakthrough Innovations

Since 50 years, the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has been very successful in producing an incredible amount of breakth...
Usage (application): Best Practices, Critical Factors, Creating an Organization to lead Radical Innovation
 
 
 

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how:
- Why do we want to change? - the constraints imp...
Usage (application): Preparing Strategic Change
 
 
 

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen as innovation in the sense th...
Usage (application): Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
 
 
 

PROs and CONs of a Strong Corporate Culture

Implementing a significant change is generally easier when the corporate culture is not strong. By strong Corporate Culture is meant that values an...
Usage (application): Corporate Culture Change, Change Management, Organizational Change
 
 
 

DICE Scoring Guidelines for your Change Inititatives

With the help of following scoring GUIDELINES, change initiatives can be rated effectively:
- Duration (D): If the time between project reviews i...
Usage (application): Calculating DICE Scores
 
 
 

DICE Scoring Questions for your Change Inititatives

With the help of following QUESTIONS, change initiatives can be rated effectively:
- Duration (D): Do formal project overviews occur regularly? I...
Usage (application): Calculating DICE scores
 
 

Resources - DICE Framework Premium

DICE-framework Overview

Presentation about the DICE-framework that is based on the HBR-article “The Hard Side of Change Management” in HBR 2005. The importance of such a fram...
Usage (application): Change Management, Decision Making, Project Portfolio Management
 

Evaluating Organizational Change: Approaches, Reasons, Types and Processes

This presentation elaborates on how to evaluate organizational change. The presentation includes the main known approaches and their PROs and CONs and...
Usage (application): Change Management, Success of Organizational Change, Organizational Learning
 

DICE Framework Diagram

Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in intranets, websites, books, ma...
Usage (application): Change Initiatives Assessment
 
 

News

Dice Framework
     
 

News

Dice Bcg
     
 

Videos

Dice Framework
     
 

Videos

Dice Bcg
     
 

Presentations

Dice Framework
     
 

Presentations

Dice Bcg
     
 

More

Dice Framework
     
 

More

Dice Bcg
     

Compare with the DICE Framework: Change Equation  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Stage-Gate Cooper  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  RACI  |  Change Iceberg  |  Change Phases  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Balanced Scorecard


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Decision-making & Valuation  |  Program & Project Management


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2016 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 30-9-2016. All names tm by their owners.