Net Present Value (NPV)


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従来の評価方法。 Net Present Valueの説明。



Net Present Value (NPV)Net Present Valueは何であるか。 定義

投資(プロジェクト)のNet Present Value (NPV)は投資から予想される割引かれた現金流動の合計間の相違、および最初に投資される量である。 それは次のステップが実行されるというDiscounted Cash Flowの測定の方法で使用される従来の評価方法(頻繁にプロジェクトのために)である:

Net Present Valueの計算のステップ

  1. 投資からの予想された自由な現金流動の計算(頻繁に1年1ごとにごとに)その結果
  2. cost of capital (時間および危険を調節するべき利率)のための引きなさい/割引

中間結果はと称される: 現在価値

  1. 最初の投資を引きなさい

最終結果はと称される: Net Present Value

従ってNPVはどの位価値を投資がin.生じるか表現する量である。 これは現在の現在のポイントの方のすべての現金流動をそのうちに測定することによってされる。


Net Present Valueの限定

  • NPVの測定が投資決定を作るために広く利用されているが、NPVの不利な点はプロジェクトの決定の後で柔軟性/不確実性を説明しないことである。 より多くの情報についてはReal Optionsを見なさい。
  • またNPVは無形利点を取扱ってない。 この無力は戦略的な問題およびプロジェクトのための実用性を減らす。 より多くの情報についてはIC Ratingを見なさい。

本: S. David Young, Stephen F.O'Byrne - EVA and Value-Based Management: A Practical Guide. -

本: Aswath Damodaran - Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the. -

本: James R. Hitchner - Financial Valuation: Applications and Models -

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Net Present Value フォーラム  


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Net Present Valueをと比較した: Internal Rate of Return  |  Payback Period  |  Cost-Benefit Analysis  |  Total Cost of Ownership  |  CAGR  |  株式の費用

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