Avkastningsvärde

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Sammanfattning

Avkastningsvärde Vad är avkastningsvärde? Definition

Det är en traditionell värderingsmetod (ofta för ett projekt) som används i Nuvärdes (Discounted cash Flow) mätningsmetoden, där följande steg sker:


Stegen i beräkningen av avkastningsvärdet

  1. Beräkning av förväntat fritt kassaflöde (ofta per år) resultatet från investeringen
  2. Subtrahera/dra av för avkastningsräntan (en räntesats som ska justeras för tid och risk)

Det mellanliggande resultatet kallas: Kapitalvärde/Nuvärdet (diskonterat).

  1. Subtrahera de initiala investeringarna

Slutresultatet kallas: Net Present Value/ Avkastningsvärde.


Därför att NPV är ett belopp som uttrycker hur mycket värde en investering kommer att resultera i. Detta görs, genom att mäta alla betalningsflöden över tiden och föra dem tillbaka till nuläget i nutid.


Om NPV-metoden resulterar i ett positivt belopp, bör projektet genomföras.


Begränsningar med avkastningsvärde/ Net Present Value

  • Även om NPV-mätningen är allmänt använd för att ta investeringsbeslut, så är det en nackdel med NPV att den inte tar med i beräkningen den flexibilitet/osäkerhet som uppkommer efter projektbeslutet. Se Reala Optioner Luehrman för mer information.
  • NPV är också oförmögen att hantera immateriella vinster. Denna oförmåga minskar dess användbarhet för strategiska frågeställningar och projekt. Se Värdering och Mäta Intellektuellt Kapital, IC Rating för mer information.

Bok: S. David Young, Stephen F.O'Byrne - EVA and Value-Based Management: A Practical Guide.

Bok: Aswath Damodaran - Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the.

Bok: James R. Hitchner - Financial Valuation: Applications and Models


Särskild Intressegrupp SIG

Avkastningsvärde (NPV) Särskild Intressegrupp SIG.



Särskild Intressegrupp SIG (3 medlemmar)

Forum

Forumdiskussioner om Avkastningsvärde (NPV). Nedan kan du ställa en fråga om det här ämnet, dela dina erfarenheter, rapportera en ny utveckling eller förklara något.


Starta ett nytt ämne om Avkastningsvärde (NPV)

 

NPV of $1 Million for a Project Means What
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WHEN to Invest? Investing at the Right Moment...
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Example of Net Present Calculation
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Suppose a business sells an average of $ 1000 per month to a group of 200 customers on Net 30 terms. What would be the financial benefit to the seller if those customers each paid 1/30th of the invoi...
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Missed Interest in NPV
(How) Can I include interest income forgone in an NPV calculation?...
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How do you Calculate NPV when Initial Investments are Unknown?
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NPV assumes Certainty of Cash Flows
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NPV with a Missing Cash Flow Figure
Is is possible to calculate NPV with a missing cash flow figure? E.g. the expected cash flows for a 5 year project at 2% with initial investment of £5000 pounds are £1000, £2500, £2300, £1700 and unkn...
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NPV with Only Costs & IRR
Hi, I have been posed with the problem of trying to calculate an NPV, with only costs provided and an IRR. Additionally, costs are not incurred upfront, but by borrowing over each period at a given ra...
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NPV for Leased Equipment versus Purchased Equipment
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Calculating Cost per Unit if Zero NPV without any Operating Costs Information
How does one calculate the cost per unit from the following info?
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NPV Cost Avoidance and Savings
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However thi...
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Calculating NPV for a Project
John owns a nursery school. He estimates that, with an extension, he would be able to sell the business as a going concern for $600,000 in six years time. Without the extension, he would expect to sel...
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Best Practices

De bästa, högst rankade ämnena om Avkastningsvärde (NPV). Här hittar du de mest värdefulla idéerna och praktiska förslagen.


Re-evaluating an investment decision
Question: I am re-evaluating an investment decision from 2004 - - where the initial investment was made. If I wanted to look at the investment today would I need to take the future value of the past C...
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6 kommentarer

Operating Cash Flows
What is the NPV of a project that has cost of 52,125 and net cash flows of 12,000 per year for 8 years with a cost of capital of 12 percent?...
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Does the Net Present Value (NPV) calculation uses cash inflows or profits?
Does the NPV calculation uses cash inflows or profits? Should I use the revenue generated by the project or the profit?...
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Choosing between Investments Using a Comparison of NPVs
If I have 2 investments and I compare the NPV of both. Which one I prefer? With the biggest NPV?...
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More Complex NPV Comparison: Interrelated Projects
How would I compare 3 projects - two have an NPV = $500,000 (over 9 years mixed stream of inflows and 20 years annuity, respectively) and one which is a lump of $490,000 cash right now?
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Experttips

Avancerad insikt om Net Present Value (NPV) (Engelsk). Här hittar du professionella råd från experter.


Informationskällor

Olika informationskällor om Avkastningsvärde (NPV). Här hittar du powerpoints, videor, nyheter etc. som du kan använda i dina egna föreläsningar och workshops.


Net Present Value vs IRR

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Capital Budgeting

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This presentation elaborates on the valuation and analysis of companies and include the following sections: 1. Company ...

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How to Calculate NPV in MS Excel

Basic Understanding of how to use Excel for calculating NPV
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Net Present Value Diagram

Investment Valuation
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in ...

Forskningslänkar

Hoppa till ytterligare forskningsresurser angående angående Avkastningsvärde (NPV).


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Jämför Avkastningsvärde/Net Present Value med: Internränta  |  Återbetalningsperiod, Återbetalningstid  |  Cost Benefit Analysis (Kostnad nyttoanalys)  |  Totalkostnad för en Tillgång (Total Cost of Ownership)  |  CAGR  |  Kostnad för Eget Kapital


Retur till Management Start: Beslutsfattande och Värdering  |  Ekonomi och Investera


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