Towards better governance in developing countires

Idea / Ethics and Responsibility

Towards better governance in developing countires
vithal cowlagi, Member, Professor, India

A holistic appraoch to issues relating to endemic and pervasive corruption might yield better results in efforts to curb graft

Developed countries tend to underperform despite their strengths in many areas because of endemic corruption in public administration at the national, state and local levels, as has often been brought out in surveys by the Transparency International, the World Bank and other donor countries.
Corruption occurs due to systemic issues such as shortages, complexities of procedures and rules, poorly paid staff, innate greed, fueled by growing consumerism.
- Independent investigatory organizations, functioning at arm's length form governmental agencies, of the kind set up in Singapore and Hong Kong can help in speedier and impartial investigation of cases and in ensuring due publicity to practices that foster wrong-doing.
- Empowering citizens through such mechanisms as Social Audit could also help, especially at the field level.
- Citizen's Charters, of the kind pioneered in the UK iappears particularly promising.
- Laws, modeled on UN Conventions in this area could also helpful, especially if measures are in place for a strong, independent judiciary and respect for Rule of Law.
- Better governance might help attract a far greater volume of foreign investment. accelerate economic growth and enhance legitimacy of rulers.

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