Classification of Households into Food Security Status in the North-Central Nigeria: An Application of Rasch Measurement Model.

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Classification of Households into Food Security Status in the North-Central Nigeria: An Application of Rasch Measurement Model.
Abiodun Elijah Obayelu , Teacher, Nigeria

The outcome of the analysis shows that only very few proportion of households (23.7 percent) in the North central Nigeria are food secure. Children's food security is correlated with that of adults in the same household, but the relation depends on the ages of children less than 15 years.


The main objective of the study was to classify households in the North-Central Nigeria (NCN) into food security status based on certain demographical characteristics with Rasch model. Data for the study were generated from a cross-sectional survey of 396 household heads from the two selected states (Kogi and Kwara) in October 2006 to January 2007. The results of the analysis show that, only 23.7 percent households are food secure (FS) in the study area. Further analysis revealed that 15.5 percent and 37.4 percent adults and children respectively are food secure. While 18 percent households are FS in the urban areas, only 13.7percent are FS in the rural areas of the NCN. In addition, female-headed households are found as been FS (21.9 percent) compare to 14 percent male-headed. There appears to be an inverse relationship between household size and food security in the study area. Households with small sizes of ≤ 3 members are also more FS (25 percent) compared to 15.1percent by those with larger sizes of 8-11 members. However, contrary to the adults’ food security status in the NCN, the proportions of children who are FS in both rural and urban are nearly the same. In all the cases, there is a direct relationship between employment status of household heads and the household food security status. To transit from food insecure to food secure status, it is important to pursue policy on birth control and gender empowerments in the study area which was found to have the mean household size of 5.89 and standard deviation of 2.24.

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