Expectancy Theory[期望理论]
(Vroom)

知识中心

12manage is looking for students. Info





基于个体因素的员工绩效表现。 Victor Vroom的Expectancy Theory[期望理论]解析。 (‘64)


Expectancy Theory[期望理论]

何为期望理论? 释义

Victor Vroom的期望理论(Expectancy Theory)的研究范畴是动机与管理。 Vroom的理论假定,人类的行为总是从各种可能方案中进行有意识选择的结果, 选择的目的就是为了最大化快乐、最小化痛楚。 Vroom与Edward Lawler、Lyman Porter等人共同认为,员工的劳动行为和他们的个人目标之间的关系并不像从前科学家想象得那么简单。 Vroom意识到雇员的表现根据各自的因素例如个性、技能、知识、经验和能力。


期望理论认为每一个体都为自己设定了不同的人生目标,并对此怀有一定的期望,他们的积极性正因为有期望才被调动了起来。


期望理论的期望值

  • 主观努力与客观绩效之间存在正向相关的关系,
  • 优秀的绩效将会得到相应的奖赏,
  • 这一奖赏使得个体的某一重要需求得到极大满足,
  • 满足需求的热望,又恰恰是个体进行主观努力的力量之源。

Vroom的期望理论依据以下三种信念。


期望理论的信念

  1. 效价(Valence。 效价是一个心理学名词,指人们对于行动结果的价值评价(奖赏)。 员工所期望的回报既包括外在的如金钱、升职、假期、收益,也包括内在的如满足感。 管理人员必须识别员工的需求,并按照员工需求调整奖赏机制。

  2. 期望值(Expectancy。 员工们对于所从事工作能否达到某种目标的可能性有不同的期望值和信心程度。 管理必须发现什么资源、训练或者监督员工需要。

  3. 手段工具(Instrumentality)。 员工们对于期望是否能够真正得到满足的感知,即便他们已经得到了来自上司的保证。 所以管理人员必须严格维持薪酬承诺。

Vroom认为,员工在其内心深处,已经将期望值、手段工具与效价三者建立起了关联性, 如此,就能产生一股向期望目标前进的激发力量,并带来愉悦,避免痛楚。 激发力量的大小可以通过公式来计算:


期望理论公式


Motivation = Valence x Expectancy(Instrumentality),即激发力量 = 效价 X 期望值(手段工具)


这一公式可以用来揭示、预测: 员工的工作满意程度、职业选择、工作可能、工作投入,等等。


小组 - 期望理论


小组 (12名成员)


论坛 - 期望理论  

在这里,您将找到有趣和教育性的讨论。


  What is the distinguishing ratio?
My problem with this theory is that there is no distinguishi...
 
 
 
 
  Extended Version of the Expectancy Theory (Lambright)
Lambright (2010) addresses an important weakness of the expe...
 
 
 
 
  Motivating an Employee by Valence (3个反应)
According to Vroom, Valence refers to a preference fo...
 
 
 
 
  Motivating an Employee by Expectancy (1个反应)
According to Vroom, Expectancy is the 'momentary beli...
 
 
 
 
  Effort Leads to Performance
This is true in most cases, the more you put in the more you...
 
 
 
 
  Theory of Needs by Maslow versus Vroom's Expectancy Theory (2个反应)
Unlike the Theory of Needs by Maslow, Vroom's Expectancy The...
 
 
 
 
  Misunderstandings About Motivation
Motivation is found to be hard by many people but I would li...
 
 
 
 
  Creative Chaos is Conducive to Motivation
When one considers motivation in business organizational ter...
 
 
 
 
  Motivation is Owned by the Individual (5个反应)
Motivation is a slippery slope. I believe Wlodkowski who say...
 
 
 
 
  Expectancy versus Needs? (2个反应)
There are many different ways to reach goals, but I believe ...
 
 
 
 
  Satisfaction from Achieving Goals
Satisfaction will usually stem from achievement of goals. Na...
 
 
 
 
  Motivation Should be a Two-way Process
I think the motivation process between the manager and the e...
 
 
 
 
  Marrying Employee and Employer Goals and Expectations
This is the one theory that seeks to marry employee value pr...
 
 
 
 
  Motivation for Success (2个反应)
In my opinion, success comes from loving what you do....
 
 
 
 
  Problems with Expectancy Theory. Disadvantages
A problem with Expectancy Theory is that it breaks down i...
 
 
 
 
  What Precisely is Valence? Definition of Valence (2个反应)
Hi, for me it's hard to understand "valence"? It's not in my...
 
 
 
 
  Measuring Motivation:The PIAV Assessment
When it comes to looking at the individual there is no subst...
 
 
 
 
  Motivating Workers: McGregors Example (2个反应)
I believe that success in motivating employees is well expla...
 
 
 
 
  Applications of the Expectancy Theory (1个反应)
This is a very good summary of Expectancy Theory, but I 'd l...
 
 
 
 
  Can Perpetual Demotivation Be Reversed?
Demotivation is like the decomposition process, once it has ...
 
 
 
 
  Motivating Disengaged Employees
What is the organization theory for handling "disengaged emp...
 
 
 
 
  Social and Organisational Psychology (2个反应)
I have difficulty in finding theories to help me on -(Social...
 
 
 
 
  Significance of Expectancy Theory
Do you think the expectancy theory changed the way people we...
 
 
 
 
  Small Motivation Tips (1个反应)
I would be more interested in easy small things to get peopl...
 
 
 
 
  How to Align Vroom's Theory with Psychological Contract in Disengaged Employees?
Has anyone/organisation successfully achieved meaningful emp...
 
 
 
 

最佳实践 - 期望理论

在这里,您将找到最有价值的想法。


  How Can You Motivate Knowledge Workers? (37个反应)
In the current 'knowledge era', the question what motivates ...
 
 
 
 
  What Motivates Employees? The Answer Depends (Partly) on their Generation (50个反应)
The age of retirement has been moved to 60, 65, 70 years and...
 
 
 
 
  Working hard for a raise? (3个反应)
A consequence that should not be overlooked of the formula M...
 
 
 
 
  Motivation in Non-Profit Organizations (5个反应)
I'm having difficulties finding a theory to help me research...
 
 
 
 
  Controlling the Minds of Employees (6个反应)
I think there can be several way to achieve goals, however w...
 
 
 
 
  Is your Job Meaningful? (17个反应)
Finding a purpose in your job is important for millennials a...
 
 
 
 
  Human Motivation Lies Within (4个反应)
A human can never be motivated. You can just push a b...
 
 
 
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Expectancy Theory

在这里,您将找到专家提供的高质量建议。


 

4 Steps to Motivate your Employees...

Using Expectancy Theory in your Department / Group...
 
 
 

It's All About Perceptions!

Implementing Expectancy Theory...
 
 
 

Expectancy can be Unexpected!

On Experts and Surprises...
 
 
 

Relationships in Expectancy Theory

Understanding / Teaching Expectancy Theory...
 
 
 

The Effort -> Performance Relationship

Coaching, mentoring...
 
 
 

Reasons Why People are Doing Voluntary Work

Expectancy Theory, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Perspective, Volunteers...
 
 
 

Family-Work Conflicts (FWC) and Daily Job Performance

Family-work conflicts, Coaching, Mentoring, Job Performance...
 
 
 

Differences in Organizational Commitment Between Paid Workers and Volunteers

Organizational Commitment, Employee Motivation, Non-profit Organizations...
 
 

相关资料 - 期望理论

在这里,您将找到powerpoint演示文稿,微观学习视频和更多信息来源。


 

新闻关于期望 理论


     
 

新闻关于动机 员工


     
 

视频关于期望 理论


     
 

视频关于动机 员工


     
 

简报关于期望 理论


     
 

简报关于动机 员工


     
 

更多关于期望 理论


     
 

更多关于动机 员工


     

比较:  Hierarchy of Needs[需求层次理论]  |  Servant-Leadership[仆人式领导]  |  Theory of Needs[需求理论]  |  Hawthorne Effect[霍索恩效应]  |  Competing Values Framework[竞值架构]  |  Attribution Theory[归因理论]  |  Framing[心理定格]  |  Two Factor Theory[二因素理论] Hertzberg   |  Theory X Theory Y[X理论-Y理论]  |  Managerial Grid[管理方格理论]  |  ERG Theory[ERG理论]  |  Leadership Continuum[领导连续体]  |  Path-Goal Theory[路径-目标理论]  |  Leadership Styles[领导风格]  |  Situational Leadership[情境领导]  |  EPIC ADVISERS[史诗顾问]  |  Coaching[教练]  |  Mentoring[启导]


返回到分类主页: 变革与组织  |  人力资源管理  |  领导力


更多管理方法、模型和理论

Special Interest Group Leader

你在这里? 免费注册


 


关于12manage | 广告服务 | 链接到我们/引用我们 | 隐私 | 建议 | 服务条款
© 2019 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.1 - 最后更新:17-10-2019。所有名称™它们的主人的。