Expectancy Theory

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O performance de um empregado é baseado em fatores individuais. Explanação do Expectancy Theory do vencedor Vroom. ('64)


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Expectancy Theory

Que é Expectancy Theory? Descrição

O Expectancy Theory do vencedor Vroom trata do motivation e da gerência. A teoria de Vroom supõe que o comportamento é um resultado das escolhas conscious entre alternativas. A finalidade das escolhas é maximize o prazer e minimizar a dor. Junto com Edward Lawler e Porter de Lyman, Vroom sugeriu que o relacionamento entre o comportamento do pessoa no trabalho e os seus objetivos não era tão simples quanto foi imaginado primeiramente por outros cientistas. Vroom realizou que o performance de um empregado está baseado em fatores individuais tais como a personalidade, as habilidades, o conhecimento, a experiência e as abilidades.

A teoria da expectativa diz que os indivíduos têm jogos diferentes dos objetivos e podem ser motivated se tiverem determinadas expectativas.

Expectativas do Expectancy Theory

  • Há uma correlação positiva entre esforços e performance,
  • O performance favorável resultará em uma recompensa desejável,
  • A recompensa satisfazará a uma necessidade importante,
  • O desejo satisfer à necessidade é forte bastante fazer o esforço de valor.

O Expectancy Theory de Vroom é baseado na seguinte opinião três.

Opinião do Expectancy Theory

  1. Valence. Consulta às orientação emocionais que os povos prendem com respeito aos resultados [recompensas]. A profundidade querer de um empregado para recompensas extrinsic [dinheiro, promotion, tempo livre, benefícios] ou intrínsecas [da satisfação]. A gerência deve descobrir o que os empregados apreciam.

  2. Expectativa. Os empregados têm expectativas e níveis diferentes da confiança sobre o que são capazes de fazer. A gerência deve descobrir que recursos, treinamento, ou supervisão os empregados necessitam.

  3. Instrumentality. A percepção dos empregados se receberão realmente o que desejam, mesmo se for prometido por uma gerente. A gerência deve assegurar-se de que as promessas das recompensas estejam cumpridas e que os empregados estão cientes daquele.

Vroom sugere que opinião de um empregado sobre a expectativa, o Instrumentality, e o Valence interativo psicològica. Nesta maneira criam uma força motivational, tal que o empregado agirá em uma maneira que traga o prazer e evite a dor. Esta força pode “ser calculada” através de uma fórmula:

Fórmula do Expectancy Theory

Expectativa do Motivation = do Valence x (Instrumentality).

Esta fórmula pode ser usada indicar e predizer coisas como: satisfação de trabalho, escolha ocupacional, a probabilidade de permanecer em um trabalho, e o esforço que um pôde expend no trabalho.

Fórum de Expectancy Theory
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  Extended Version of the Expectancy Theory (Lambright)
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  Applications of the Expectancy Theory
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  Problems with Expectancy Theory. Disadvantages
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Melhores Práticas - Expectancy Theory Premium
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Expert Tips (ENG) - Expectancy Theory Premium

4 Steps to Motivate your Employees...

As a manager, you can motivate your employees applying Expectancy Theory. Take these 4 steps:
1. Find out what each indvidual employee wants / va...
Usage (application): Using Expectancy Theory in your Department / Group

It's All About Perceptions!

Note that what matters in expectancy theory are the perceptions of the person who is to be motivated, not the reality of the situ...
Usage (application): Implementing Expectancy Theory

Expectancy can be Unexpected!

Be careful with assuming what the expectancy of a person (employee) is going to be:
Zakary Tormala did research on how people react on other peop...
Usage (application): On Experts and Surprises

Relationships in Expectancy Theory

The Expectancy theory focuses on three relationships:
1. Effort<>Performance relationship. The probability perceived by the individual that exer...
Usage (application): Understanding / Teaching Expectancy Theory

The Effort -> Performance Relationship

As mentioned in the summary, one of the expectations of Vroom’s theory is the positive relationship between effort and performance. Porter and Lawler ...
Usage (application): Coaching, mentoring

Reasons Why People are Doing Voluntary Work

Voluntary work has long been seen as an activity performed mainly by unemployed individuals –mostly women, both in their youth and retired - because t...
Usage (application): Expectancy Theory, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Perspective, Volunteers

Family-Work Conflicts (FWC) and Daily Job Performance

FAMILY ROLES and WORK are two factors influencing each other: - Work can interfere with family roles; this is called a Work-Family Conflict (WFC).
Usage (application): Family-work conflicts, Coaching, Mentoring, Job Performance

Differences in Organizational Commitment Between Paid Workers and Volunteers

Paid and unpaid workers in hybrid organizations
Although financial considerations are an important reason to work for a certain organization, the...
Usage (application): Organizational Commitment, Employee Motivation, Non-profit Organizations

Recursos - Expectancy Theory Premium


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees

Compare com o Expectancy Theory no Motivation com:  Hierachy of Needs  |  Empregado-Liderança  |  Teoria das necessidades  |  Efeito de Hawthorne  |  Competing Values Framework  |  Attribution Theory  |  Framing  |  Two Factor Theory Hertzberg   |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Managerial Grid  |  ERG Theory  |  Leadership Continuum  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Leadership Styles  |  Situational Leadership  |  EPIC ADVISERS  |  Coaching  |  Mentoring

Retorne a o centro de a gerência: Mudança e Organização  |  Recursos Humanos  |  Liderança

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