Changing Organization Cultures[组织文化变革法]

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总结

“由于变革意味着引入与当下组织文化迥异的新鲜事物,文化创新往往比文化维系更为艰难。 当创新发生时,新的事物就会覆盖或取代旧的事物, 而人们常常会对此变化采取抵抗行为, 当然,他们这么做有他们的充足原因。 所以,文化变革或文化创新要想取得成功,就一定要让员工信服,变革带来的收获要比损失多。”


Harrison Trice和Janice Beyer在《工作组织文化》(The Cultures of Work Organizations)一书中,就组织文化变革需要考量的因素,提出了八项建议。


组织文化变革八要素

  1. 选择有利时机。 如财务表现极差时, 让员工感到变革确有必要、势在必行。

  2. 既谨慎又乐观。 对变革前景要持有乐观态度。

  3. 了解变革阻力。 要从个体与组织两个层面来了解文化变革的阻力,个体层面的阻力有:对未知事物的恐惧感、利己主义、选择性注意力与保持力、旧有习惯、依赖感、安全感等等;组织层面的阻力有:权力和影响力的威胁、诚信缺失、不同的认知与目标、社会分裂、资源有限、固定投资、跨组织合作等等。

  4. 大刀阔斧变革的同时,保持有关成分的连续性。 原有的一些原则仍然有效实用的话,可以保持不变。

  5. 充分认识贯彻执行的重要性。 只有口头认同与满腔热情是远远不够的,推动变革必须要有切实行动:

    • 采取变革方案;
    • 贯彻执行方案;
    • 形成制度化、专门化。
  6. 选择、修改乃至创造适当的文化形式。 如符号、语言、故事、神话、比喻、礼仪、礼节、或庆典等。

  7. 调整衍化策略(Socialization Tactics。 员工从进入企业的那一刻开始,就潜移默化地学习了解企业文化, 因此,如果这一学习过程发生了变化,企业文化也会做出相应变化。

  8. 发现、培养创新型领导。 员工往往不会主动放弃既有的稳定感和安全感,追随领导走向新的征途,除非领导有强有力的人格魅力与自信,并能够运用雄辩的口才和表演技巧,向他们展示变革的美好愿景。

参考书: Harrison Trice and Janice Beyer - The Cultures of Work Organizations


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组织文化变革论坛。


Why you Should Change an Organizational Culture Slowly
You consistently hear lots of people talking about the need to change the culture of organizations. Technology-oriented (...)
44
 
46条评论
What is Organisational Culture?
None of the post's here initially define what organisational culture is.
To include it: "Communication and behaviou (...)
11
 
5条评论
The Leader's Role in Culture Change
The leadership in most cases craft and engineer the culture change. They need to demonstrate the aspects of the new cult (...)
8
 
7条评论
Shaping Organization Culture through Stories
We can also look at culture as the daily set of stories that people tell in a complex adaptive system. This means if you (...)
7
 
2条评论
Change in 3rd World Countries Vs. Developed World
Although change is a must in an international context, the importance varies in some parts of our world, specially in th (...)
7
 
2条评论
Unoffical Leaders and Cultural Change
Managers must identify and ensure unoffical leaders have ownership in the cultural change process of the company. Unoffi (...)
1
 
Organizational Development and Organizational Culture
How are organizational development and organizational culture interrelated, of what value is the knowledge of this inter (...)
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2条评论

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关于组织文化变革的最高评价的讨论主题。在这里你会找到最有价值的思路和切实可行的建议。


How can we MEASURE Mindset Change?
To successfully change an organisation, one major step is often to change the mindset of the people. I am curious to you (...)
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81条评论

How to Change Bad Norms or Behaviors of your Team?
I read an interesting article about changing bad norms or behavior. Suppose you're appointed as a new manager of a team (...)
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Changing Organization Cultures: What is the Critical Element to Start?
When you study the political culture of a country for instance, USSR from Tsarist Russia it took a revolution to change (...)
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Is Culture Change not Manipulating Employees?
Is this way of planned dealing with (changing) organization cultures not in fact a way to manipulate the work, minds and (...)
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Organization Cultures Have to Change
Changing organizational cultures is indeed hard but there is no other way out as organizations exist to serve the intere (...)
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23条评论

Culture Change and Coalitions
The drive for control of scarce resources forces a political frame in the process of a culture change among groups with (...)
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Engage People in Vision, Strategy and Culture Change
Some very interesting observations and insights here. I agree totally that the people within the organization have to be (...)
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Organizational Culture and Intellectual Capital System
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Changing Culture Through Working on TRUST
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专家提示

关于Changing Organization Cultures(英语)的高级见解。在这里,您将找到专家的专业建议。


Concerns Against Change and their Remedies

Change Management, Organizational Change
According to Ken Blanchard in the article Mastering the Art of Change (Training Journal, January 2010), it is importan (...)

Leadership Strategies for Change

Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Blanchard Leading Through (...)

Establishing an Organizational Culture of Perpetual Crisis

Corporate Culture Best Practice
An interesting article in the issue of Fortune (Sept. 5, 2005, no. 15) explains how Jong-Yong Yun, CEO of Samsung, is re (...)

Strategies to Change Employee Habits, Hearts and Heads

Changing Organization Cultures
According to J.E. Kee and K.E. Newcomer ("Why Do Change Efforts Fail? What Can Leaders Do About It?", The Public Manager (...)

Other Organization Culture Frameworks

Comparing Organization Culture Constructs
One reason so many constructs have been proposed is that organizational culture is so vast and inclusive in scope. Came (...)

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Culture Change

Changing Organizational Cultures, What to DO and what NOT
According to Jon Katzenbach and Ashley Harshak ("Stop Blaming Your Culture", strategy+business, Spring 2011, Issue 62), (...)

Key Success Factors when you're Designing your Change Management Program

Best Practices, Change Management, Organizational Change
In their article "Making Change Happen, and Making It Stick" (published in the online edition of strategy+business, Dece (...)

3 Stages of Cultural Change

Creating Cultural Change with Strategic Intent
In his 1994 paper "Leadership and Strategic Intent" Charles E. Smith identified three main stages in the process of cult (...)

Building an Organizational Coaching Capacity

Developing an Organizational Coaching Capacity, Learning Organization, Developing Coaching as an Organizational Capacity
COACHING ON AN INDIVIDUAL LEVEL In their book "Trillion Dollar Coach: Lessons for Managers", Google's Schmidt, Rosenber (...)

How Transforming an Organization Culture is Like Treating an Addiction

Organizational Culture Change, Transformation of Company Culture
Ferrazi (2014) argues that changing organization cultures and treating drugs addiction have a lot in common. Indeed this (...)

What Change Agents Should I Use?

Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management
When choosing between internal or external change agents, organizations should consider following advantages and disadva (...)

Why is Changing an Organization Culture So Hard? The ASA Model (Schneider)

Organization Culture, Culture Change, Corporate Culture, Change Management, Recruitment
Why is changing an organization culture so difficult? Because, once it is established, a culture has the tendency to str (...)

Key Behaviors of Innovative Organizations

Innovation Management, Culture Change, Organizational Change, Innovative Culture, Organizational Culture
Many large-scale attempts to make organizations more innovative are experiencing organizational inertia, barriers and/or (...)

How Should CEOs Manage and Communicate the Main Messages?

Strategic Communication, Leader Skills, Communication Skills, Leader Perspective
Inspiring the organisation to create a better future is arguably the ultimate mission of any leader or CEO. That's why a (...)

7 Mechanisms to Change Corporate Cultures

Change Management, Organizational Change, Culture Change
Management can choose from this menu of actions to change a problematic corporate culture: 1. Making a compelling case (...)

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen (...)

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework of seven Cs that c (...)

PROs and CONs of a Strong Corporate Culture

Corporate Culture Change, Change Management, Organizational Change
Implementing a significant change is generally easier when the corporate culture is not strong. By strong Corporate Cult (...)
信息来源

有关组织文化变革的各种信息来源。在这里,您将找到Powerpoint,视频,新闻等可用于您自己的讲座和讲习班。


Management Across Cultures: Managing in a Global Context

Cross-Cultural Management, Cultural Dimensions, Cultural Intelligence, Multicultural Teams, Global Leadership, Global HR
This presentation consist of six sections that together form an extensive description of management across cultures. The (...)

Your Organization Needs to Change its Strategy Implementation Method

Strategy Execution, Strategic Change, Change Management, Strategy Implementation
Dr. John Kotter explains most clearly how the rate of change of events, technology, globalization, products and markets (...)

How to Manage Creativity in Organizations

Innovation Management, Managing Creativity, Managing Creative People, Fostering Creativity in Organizations, Creativity
This presentation elaborates on the management of creativity in organizations, and includes the following sections: 1. (...)

Organizational Culture and Critical Theory

Organizational Culture
A detailed presentation, explaining Organizational Culture and Critical Culture. A description of Organizational Cultu (...)

Culture, Cultural Competence, Cultural Intelligence and the CQ

Cultural Intelligence
This presentation is a good introduction to culture and contains three large sections: Culture, Cultural Competenence an (...)

What is Corporate Culture? 4 CEOs Share their Views

Corporate Culture, Organization Culture, Organizational Culture, Starter for Training / Workshop
Arkadi Kuhlman (ING), Tony Hsieh (Zappos), Bernie Marcus (Home Depot), Shelly Lazarus (Ogilvy & Maher) share their views (...)

How to Build a Global Organizational Capability?

MNCs, Multinationals, Multinational Companies, Globalization, International Leadership Development, Cultural Intelligenc
A. How to build a global leadership group in which people can cope with the complexity of working globally? 1. Re (...)

Dealing with Strong Resisters

Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop
Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing with "No, No, People" (strong resisters in change initiatives). Acco (...)

Introduction to Organizational Culture

Initial Understanding of Organizational Culture and Why it Matters to an Organization
Daniel Denison explains what an organizational culture is and why this own unique identity matters to an organization. H (...)

The Importance of Adapting to Change

Change Management, Need to Change, Change Management
Dave Weber reveals that Charles Darwin never said that the strongest of the species survives. What he actually said was (...)

Changing Org Culture

Change Management, Leadership
Presentation by Amanda Singleton about how CC can be changed and what is the role of leadership. Slide titles include: (...)

研究链接

自动跳入有关以下内容的其他有用资源组织文化变革。


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比较:   Levels of Culture[文化层次]  |  Culture Types[文化类型]  |  Cultural Intelligence[文化智能]  |  Organizational Memory[组织记忆]  |  DICE Framework[DICE架构]  |  Change Management Iceberg[变革管理冰山]  |  Servant-Leadership[仆人式领导]  |  Appreciative Inquiry[肯定式探询]  |  Positive Deviance[正向偏差]  |  Change Phases[变革阶段]  |  Six Change Approaches[六变革法]  |  Force Field Analysis[力场分析法]  |  Core Group Theory[核心组理论]  |  Theory of Planned Behavior[计划行为理论]  |  Organizational Learning[组织学习]  |  Leadership Continuum[领导连续体]  |  Change Model Beckhard[Beckhard变革模型]  |  Contingency Theory[权变理论]  |  Groupthink[团体迷思]  |  Spiral of Silence[沉默的螺旋]  |  Forget Borrow Learn[遗忘借用学习法]  |  RACI[RACI模型]  |  Positive Deviance[正向偏差]


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