Management by Objectives[目标管理]。 SMART[SMART管理法]
(Drucker)

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为员工制定具体工作目标,并以既定目标激励引导员工。 Peter Drucker的Management by Objectives[目标管理]及 (‘54)。 SMART[SMART管理法]解析。


彼得Drucker - Management by Objectives[目标管理]什么是目标管理? 释义

目标管理(Management by Objectives)就是为每一名员工制定具体的目标任务,并以这些既定的目标去激励、引导、比较员工的工作绩效。 目标管理的目的是,将组织整体目标逐级转化位下属单位和个人的子目标,形成一个完整的目标考评体系,以此来提高组织绩效。 最理想的情况是,由于组织的重视与投入,每一名员工都非常清楚自己的工作目标、任务周期等与之工作紧密相关的内容。
目标管理包括持续跟踪生产运营流程并不断提供反馈意见,直至实现目标。


Peter Drucker

目标管理由管理学大师Peter Drucker提出,首先出现于他的著作《管理实践》(The Practice of Management)一书中,该书于1954年出版。 根据Drucker的说法,管理人员一定要避免“活动陷阱”(Activity Trap),不能只顾低头拉车,而不抬头看路,最终忘了自己的主要目标。 MBO的一个重要概念是企业战略规划不能仅有几个高管来执行,所有管理人员都应该参与进来,这将更有利于战略的执行。 另一个相关概念是,企业要设计有一个完整的绩效系统,它将帮助企业实现高效运作。 由此,可以将目标管理视为Value Based Management[价值管理]的前身。


目标管理原则

  • 组织目标任务要向下细分转化。

  • 要为每一名组织成员制定具体的目标。

  • 所有管理人员参与决策。

  • 要有明确的时间范围。

  • 对绩效进行评估,并提供反馈。

目标管理中有一项SMART法,用以判断目标的有效性。具体解析如下:

  • 具体的(Specific

  • 可测的(Measurable

  • 可完成的(Achievable

  • 现实的(Realistic

  • 有时间维度的(Time-related

1990年代,Peter Drucker在阐释目标管理的意义和重要性时说: “它仅仅是一个管理工具, 绝不是治疗管理疾病的灵丹妙药。 目标管理只有当你真正知道自己的目标时,才会发挥作用。不幸的是,90%的情况下,你并不知道自己的目标是什么。”


小组 - 目标管理 / SMART管理法


小组 (24名成员)


论坛 - 目标管理 / SMART管理法  

在这个论坛上,你会发现最近的有趣的讨论。


  参与的管理层越多,是否会增加内耗 (1个反应)
目标管理很好,但是个人认为得看这个项目的...
 
 
 
 
Hot 目标管理的层次问题
1、目标管理来源于目标体系的设计 2、目标...
 
 
 
 
  The Essence of Management by Objectives (MBO) (1个反应)
MBO somewhat resembles farming, each animal or plant is allo...
 
 
 
 
  SMART Management Works! (2个反应)
A very nice article. Organizations transcend from good to gr...
 
 
 
 
  Management By Objectives in Public Management (3个反应)
How to introduce Management By Objectives (MBO) in public or...
 
 
 
 
  What Consequences if Top Executive don't do what they Promised (1个反应)
Can somebody give exemples or hints of what kind of conseque...
 
 
 
 
  Mutual Commitment is the Basis of Management by Objectives
The idea of Peter Drucker on management by objectives is bas...
 
 
 
 
  Achievable vs. Realistic (3个反应)
I don`t see much difference between the terms "Achievable" a...
 
 
 
 
  How to Implement Management By Objectives?
How should one implement management by objectives?...
 
 
 
 
  Objectivity in the Measuring / Evaluating Objectives
Drucker introduced a very pertinent concept in management wh...
 
 
 
 
  Management By Objectives Examples (2个反应)
Can anyone give some examples of organizations using MBO suc...
 
 
 
 
  Turning the Objectives into Actions (4个反应)
Drucker rightly identified the need for strategy and objecti...
 
 
 
 
  Management by Objectives vs. Control Self Assessment
In the principle of Management By Objective, MBO, just like ...
 
 
 
 
  Mitigating the Disadvantages of Management By Objectives
How can we deal with the disadvantages of MBO?...
 
 
 
 
  Setting SMART Objectives (1个反应)
What would be the best SMART objectives to set for the firs...
 
 
 
 
  Management by Objectives and Clear Objectives
MBO gives clear direction to an employee what he is paid to ...
 
 
 
 
  Management by Initiatives!
To my personal considerations, MBO has had its day. It's tim...
 
 
 
 
  Is Management By Objectives Transferable to the Care Sector? (5个反应)
I'm currently working in care as a team leader and I'm look...
 
 
 
 
  Great Book on Management by Objectives
A great book I wrote to learn about Management by Objectives...
 
 
 
 
  Management by Objectives Needs Tracking and Feedback
I would like to dedicate my opinion on MBO. It aims to incre...
 
 
 
 
  SMART is Always Smart... (1个反应)
This is called you define your objectives... Though the impl...
 
 
 
 
  Does Management by Objectives Work in a Church? (8个反应)
I find a lot of problems in church as a pure non profit orga...
 
 
 
 
  Mission Statements and Management by Objectives (1个反应)
Many organisations have a mission statement that tries to en...
 
 
 
 
  Circumstances for Management By Objectives? (2个反应)
MBO is applicable in the right situation / circumstances onl...
 
 
 
 

最佳实践 - 目标管理 / SMART管理法

在这里,您将找到过去最有价值的讨论。


  Reference of SMART Goals (4个反应)
Does anyone know the reference for SMART goals? I checked ...
 
 
 
 
  Disadvantages of Management by Objectives? (4个反应)
I'm trying to build a complete list of all disadvantages ...
 
 
 
 
  Procedure on Developing Objectives and Monitoring (1个反应)
I am in urgent need of subject procedure and willing to pay....
 
 
 
 
  Management by Planning Should Replace Management by Objectives
2 of the most respected men in management theory, Drucker an...
 
 
 
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Management by Objectives, SMART

在这里,您将找到专家提供的高质量建议。


 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Organization

Benefits of MBO at Firm Level...
 
 
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Employee

Benefits of MBO for Employees...
 
 
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Manager

Benefits of MBO for Managers...
 
 
 

Guidelines for Managing by Objectives

Implementing Management by Objectives, Best Practices...
 
 
 

How Management By Objectives Establishes Buy-In, Commitment and Engagement

Employee Participation...
 
 
 

Other Versions of SMART Method: SMARTIE

MBO...
 
 
 

Best Practices to Better Target Setting

Management by Objectives, SMART, Business Performance Management, Balanced Scorecard, KPIs, CSFs...
 
 
 

Management by Dynamic Objectives (MBDO)

Implementing a Flexible MBO System...
 
 
 

Managing Intelligent People

People Management...
 
 
 

Fairness of Managers and Leaders: are Fair Leaders More Effective?

Management, Leadership, HR, Performance Appraisals...
 
 

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比较: CSFs和KPIs[关键成功因子和关键绩效指标]  |  Scientific Management[科学管理]  |  Value Based Management[价值管理]  |  Results-Based Leadership[业绩导向领导]  |  RACI[RACI模型]  |  Change Management[变革管理]  |  Seven Habits[七个习惯]  |  Seven Surprises[七大惊奇]  |  Path-Goal Theory[路径-目标理论]  |  Leadership Continuum[领导连续体]  |  Result Oriented Management[业绩导向管理]  |  Hoshin Kanri[方针管理] - Policy Deployment[政策展开]


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