Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам). SMART (Технология SMART)

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Определение задач для сотрудников и направления их деятельности относительно этих задач. Объяснение Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам) Питер Друкер (Peter Drucker). ('54). SMART (Технология SMART).



Питер Друкер (Peter Drucker) - Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам) Что такое Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам)? Описание

MBO основывается на определении задач для каждого сотрудника и последующем сравнении и направлении их деятельности относительно поставленных задач. Модель нацелена на то, чтобы повысить показатели организации путем сопоставления организационных целей с задачами подчиненных в рамках всей организации. В идеале, сотрудники получают качественный вклад для определения своих задач, сроков и т.д.
MBO включает непрерывное отслеживание процессов и обеспечение обратной связи для достижения задач.

Питер Друкер (Peter Drucker)

Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам) впервые был изложен Питером Друкером (Peter Drucker) в 1954г., в его книге «The practice of Management». Согласно Друкеру, менеджеры должны избегать «ловушки деятельности» (activity trap), когда они настолько вовлекаются в повседневную деятельность, что забывают свои главные цели и задачи. Одна из концепций MBO состоит в том, что помимо нескольких топ менеджеров, все менеджеры фирмы должны быть задействованы в процессе стратегического планирования, улучшения осуществимости плана. Другая концепция Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам) заключается в том, что менеджеры должно внедрить ряд инициатив, направленных на повышение эффективности функционирования организации. Таким образом, Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам) можно рассматривать как предшественника Value Based Management (Ценностно-ориентированное управление).

Принципы Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам)

  • Каскадирование организационных целей и задач,

  • Конкретная задача для каждого члена,

  • Процесс принятия решений с участием персонала,

  • Определенный временной период, и

  • Оценка производительности и обеспечение обратной связи.

Концепция Управление по задачам также ввела метод SMART для проверки обоснованности задач, которые должны быть «умными»:

  • Конкретные (Specific)

  • Измеряемые (Measurable)

  • Достижимые (Acheivable)

  • Реалистические (Realistic), и

  • С ограничением по времени (Time-related).

В 90-х, Питер Друкер представил свою точку зрения на этот метод управления организацией, высказав следующее: «Это всего лишь еще один инструмент. А не сверхдейственное средство от неэффективности менеджмента… Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам) работает, если известны задачи, а в 90% случаях они не известны.»

Управление по задачам, SMART Специальная группа по интересам

Специальная группа по интересам (22 членов)

Управление по задачам, SMART Форум  

Последние темы

  Период планирования задач
Если задачи неизвестны, то чем тогда занимаются менеджеры? Задачи всегда известны...
  Цитаты Питера Друкера
Друкер верил, что можно создать экономический прогресс и социальную гармонию. Но, ...
  Management By Objectives in Public Management
How to introduce Management By Objectives (MBO) in public organizations? Who can share some experiences? Thanks......
  Objectivity in the Measuring / Evaluating Objectives
Drucker introduced a very pertinent concept in management which - if effectively implemented - brings about noticeable improvements in organization.
  Management By Objectives Examples
Can anyone give some examples of organizations using MBO successfuly today?...
  Turning the Objectives into Actions
Drucker rightly identified the need for strategy and objectives, but did not pursue how to turn the objectives into actions. We have....
  Management by Objectives vs. Control Self Assessment
In the principle of Management By Objective, MBO, just like Facilitated Team Workshop in Control Self Assessment, CSA, points out the importance of in...
  Mitigating the Disadvantages of Management By Objectives
How can we deal with the disadvantages of MBO?...
  Setting SMART Objectives
What would be the best SMART objectives to set for the first-line manager, who just started on the job in the retail industry in the current economic...
  Management by Objectives and Clear Objectives
MBO gives clear direction to an employee what he is paid to do.... Under SMART whatever you do beyond set objectives goes in vain... Clearly defined o...
  Management by Initiatives!
To my personal considerations, MBO has had its day. It's time to add a new dimension to this 'age old' management style which reminds me of macho-mana...
  Is Management By Objectives Transferable to the Care Sector?
I'm currently working in care as a team leader and I'm looking for a good way to manage staff. Any suggestions/experiences on whether or not MBO is t...
  Great Book on Management by Objectives
A great book I wrote to learn about Management by Objectives is " 
  Management by Objectives Needs Tracking and Feedback
I would like to dedicate my opinion on MBO. It aims to increase organizational performance by aligning goals and subordinate objectives throughout the...
  SMART is Always Smart...
This is called you define your objectives... Though the implementation is tough.. The results are far from your imagination... Thats how they say... "...
  Does Management by Objectives Work in a Church?
I find a lot of problems in church as a pure non profit organization. There is no a clear vision. There are not measurable objectives.
How can I ...
  Mission Statements and Management by Objectives
Many organisations have a mission statement that tries to encapsulate the overall strategic management of their company.
Such statements are desi...
  Circumstances for Management By Objectives?
MBO is applicable in the right situation / circumstances only: in small and middle business scale. My experience is not really good when I was CEO for...

Лучшие Лрактики - Управление по задачам, SMART
  Reference of SMART Goals
Does anyone know the reference for SMART goals? I checked in Peter Druckers book: The practice of management and did not find it. Is really Pete...
  The Essence of Management by Objectives (MBO)
MBO somewhat resembles farming, each animal or plant is allowed to individually produce a product. The farmer is there to give guidance, to control an...
  Disadvantages of Management by Objectives?
I'm trying to build a complete list of all disadvantages of Management by Objectives:
1. May lead to suboptimalization: people or d...
  SMART Management Works!
A very nice article. Organizations transcend from good to great because people use SMART goals as foundation for every day work and strive every day t...
  What Consequences if Top Executive don't do what they Promised
Can somebody give exemples or hints of what kind of consequences the CEO of a company could take if his executive team repetively doesn't deliver what...
  Procedure on Developing Objectives and Monitoring
I am in urgent need of subject procedure and willing to pay. I.e. what's the procedure on writing SMART objectives and monitoring through scorecards....
  Mutual Commitment is the Basis of Management by Objectives
The idea of Peter Drucker on management by objectives is based on the integration of different hierarchical levels of the company. The common point is...
  Management by Planning Should Replace Management by Objectives
2 of the most respected men in management theory, Drucker and Deming, disagreed over MBO. Deming proposed that ...
  Achievable vs. Realistic
I don`t see much difference between the terms "Achievable" and "Realistic", I`d rather say "Results-oriented" or "Results-directed"....
  How to Implement Management By Objectives?
How should one implement management by objectives?...

Expert Tips (ENG) - Management by Objectives, SMART

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Organization

Benefits of MBO at Firm Level
MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the organi...

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Employee

Benefits of MBO for Employees
MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the employ...

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Manager

Benefits of MBO for Managers
MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the manage...

Guidelines for Managing by Objectives

Implementing Management by Objectives, Best Practices
W. A. Danny developed 10 rules for MBO systems to be effective:
1. The boss must be devoted to ...

How Management By Objectives Establishes Buy-In, Commitment and Engagement

Employee Participation
The most critical obstacles in managing is none other than the buy-in or commitment of...

Other Versions of SMART Method: SMARTIE

We often use 2 extra terms in SMART and then call it SMARTIE:
- Inspiring
- Enthousiasm.

Best Practices to Better Target Setting

Management by Objectives, SMART, Business Performance Management, Balanced Scorecard, KPIs, CSFs
In most organizations it is very common to specify organizational targets with the aim of increasing...

Management by Dynamic Objectives (MBDO)

Implementing a Flexible MBO System
Normally MBO works with a particular time frame in mind. Over that period, various kinds of objectiv...

Managing Intelligent People

People Management
Remember it's best to tell clever people WHAT you want, not HOW to do it...
You will find these...

Fairness of Managers and Leaders: are Fair Leaders More Effective?

Management, Leadership, HR, Performance Appraisals
In many studies the relationship between fairness and effective leadership is studied. Managers and ...

Ресурсы - Управление по задачам, SMART

Новости о задачи Drucker


Новости о SMART менеджмент


Видео о задачи Drucker


Видео о SMART менеджмент


Презентации о задачи Drucker


Презентации о SMART менеджмент


Более о задачи Drucker


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Сравните с Management by Objectives (Управление по задачам): CSFs and KPIs  |  Scientific Management (Научные методы управления)  |  Value Based Management (Ценностно-ориентированное управление)  |  Results-Based Leadership (Лидерство, основанное на результатах)  |  RACI  |  Change Management (Управление изменениями)  |  Seven Habits (7 привычек)  |  Seven Surprises (7 неожиданностей)  |  Path-Goal Theory (Теория соответствия целей и средств)  |  Leadership Continuum (Континуум лидерства)  |  Result Oriented Management (Менеджмент, ориентированный на результат)  |  Hoshin Kanri - Policy Deployment (Разработка Стратегии)

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