Management by Objectives. SMART
(Drucker)

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Resumo

Peter Drucker - Management by ObjectivesQue é Management by Objectives? Descrição

O MBO confia em definir dos objetivos para cada empregado e para comparar e dirigir então seu performance de encontro aos objetivos que foram ajustados. Aponta aumentar o performance da organização combinando objetivos organizational com os objetivos dos subordinados durante todo a organização. Idealmente, os empregados recebem a entrada forte para identificar seus objetivos, tempo alinham para a conclusão, etc.
O MBO inclui seguir contínuo dos processos e fornecer o gabarito para alcançar os objetivos.


Peter Drucker

Management by Objectives foi esboçado primeiramente por Peter Drucker em 1954 em seu livro “a prática da gerência”. De acordo com Drucker as gerente devem evitar “a armadilha da atividade”, começando envolvida assim em suas atividades do dia a dia que se esquecem de seu finalidade ou objetivo principal. Um dos conceitos do MBO era aquele em vez apenas de algumas alto-gerente, todas as gerente de uma empresa deve participar no processo do planeamento estratégico, a fim melhorar o implementability da planta. Um outro conceito de Management by Objectives era, esse gerente deve executar uma escala dos sistemas do performance, que são projetados ajudar à organização funcionar bem. Claramente, Management by Objectives enlata seja visto assim como um predecessor de Value Based Management.


Princípios de Management by Objectives

  • Ser conectado em cascata de objetivos e de objetivos organizational,

  • Objetivos específicos para cada membro,

  • Tomada de decisão Participative,

  • Período de tempo explícito, e

  • A avaliação de performance e fornece o gabarito.

Management by Objectives introduziu também o método do SMART para verificar a validez dos objetivos, que devem ser “SMART”:

  • Específico

  • Measurable

  • Achievable

  • Realístico, e

  • Time-related.

Nos 90's, Peter Drucker pôs o significado deste método da gerência da organização no perspective, quando disse: “É justo uma outra ferramenta. Não é a cura grande para o inefficiency da gerência… Management by Objectives trabalha se você souber os objetivos, 90% do tempo onde você não.”


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