Gerencia por Objetivos. SMART
(Drucker)

Centro de Conocimiento

   

Definiendo los objetivos para los empleados y dirigiendo su desempeño contra estos objetivos. Descripción del Gerencia por Objetivos de Peter Drucker. ('54). SMART.

Índice

Premium

Peter Drucker - Gerencia por Objetivos ¿qué es la Gerencia por Objetivos? Explicación

El MBO descansa en la definición de objetivos para cada empleado y después comparar y dirigir su desempeño contra los objetivos que se han fijado. Apunta a aumentar el desempeño de la organización emparejando metas de organización con los objetivos de los subordinados dentro de la organización. Idealmente, los empleados reciben un fuerte soporte para identificar sus objetivos, cronogramas para completarlos, etc.
El MBO incluye un seguimiento contínuo de la trayectoria de los procesos y el abastecimiento de retroalimentación para alcanzar los objetivos.


Peter Drucker

La Gerencia por Objetivos primero fue delineada por Peter Drucker en 1954 en su libro “La Gerencia de Empresas”. Según Drucker los gerentes deben evitar “la trampa de la actividad”, que atrapa en las actividades cotidianas y los hace olvidar su propósito u objetivo principal. Uno de los conceptos del MBO era que, en lugar de algunos gerentes de la alta dirección, todos los gerentes de una firma, deben participar en el proceso del planeamiento estratégico, para mejorar la implementabilidad del plan. Otro concepto de la Gerencia por Objetivos es, que los gerentes deberían implementar una gama de sistemas de desempeño, que son diseñados para ayudar a la organización a funcionar bien. Claramente, La Gerencia por Objetivos se puede ver como el precursor de la Gestión Basada en Valor.


Principios de la Gerencia por Objetivos

  • Conexión en cascada de las metas y objetivos de la organización,

  • Objetivos específicos para cada miembro,

  • Toma de decisiones participativa,

  • Período de tiempo explícito, y

  • La evaluación de desempeño y provisión de retroalimentación.

La Gerencia por Objetivos también introdujo el método SMART para comprobar la validez de los objetivos, que deben ser “SMART” (listo):

  • Específico (Specific)

  • Medible (Measurable)

  • Factible (Achievable)

  • Realista (Realistic), y

  • Especificado en el tiempo (Time-related).

En los años 90, Peter Drucker puso la significancia de este método de gestión de la organización en perspectiva, cuando dijo: “Es apenas otra herramienta. No es la gran cura para la ineficacia de la gestión… El Gerencia por Objetivos trabaja si usted sabe los objetivos, el 90% del tiempo que usted no lo hace.”


Gerencia por Objetivos, SMART Grupo de Interés Especial


Grupo de Interés Especial (98 miembros)


Foro de Gerencia por Objetivos, SMART  

Temas recientes

  Evaluación del Programa en la Gerencia por Objetivos
¿Que es una Evaluación del programa en la Gerencia por Objetivos? Sus comentarios y respuesta por favor....
     
 
  Management By Objectives in Public Management
How to introduce Management By Objectives (MBO) in public organizations? Who can share some experiences? Thanks......
     
 
  Objectivity in the Measuring / Evaluating Objectives
Drucker introduced a very pertinent concept in management which - if effectively implemented - brings about noticeable improvements in organization.
     
 
  Management By Objectives Examples
Can anyone give some examples of organizations using MBO successfuly today?...
     
 
  Turning the Objectives into Actions
Drucker rightly identified the need for strategy and objectives, but did not pursue how to turn the objectives into actions. We have....
     
 
  Management by Objectives vs. Control Self Assessment
In the principle of Management By Objective, MBO, just like Facilitated Team Workshop in Control Self Assessment, CSA, points out the importance of in...
     
 
  Mitigating the Disadvantages of Management By Objectives
How can we deal with the disadvantages of MBO?...
     
 
  Management by Objectives and Clear Objectives
MBO gives clear direction to an employee what he is paid to do.... Under SMART whatever you do beyond set objectives goes in vain... Clearly defined o...
     
 
  Setting SMART Objectives
What would be the best SMART objectives to set for the first-line manager, who just started on the job in the retail industry in the current economic...
     
 
  Great Book on Management by Objectives
A great book I wrote to learn about Management by Objectives is " 
   
 
  Management by Initiatives!
To my personal considerations, MBO has had its day. It's time to add a new dimension to this 'age old' management style which reminds me of macho-mana...
     
 
  Is Management By Objectives Transferable to the Care Sector?
I'm currently working in care as a team leader and I'm looking for a good way to manage staff. Any suggestions/experiences on whether or not MBO is t...
     
 
  Management by Objectives Needs Tracking and Feedback
I would like to dedicate my opinion on MBO. It aims to increase organizational performance by aligning goals and subordinate objectives throughout the...
     
 
  SMART is Always Smart...
This is called you define your objectives... Though the implementation is tough.. The results are far from your imagination... Thats how they say... "...
     
 
  Does Management by Objectives Work in a Church?
I find a lot of problems in church as a pure non profit organization. There is no a clear vision. There are not measurable objectives.
How can I ...
     
 
  Mission Statements and Management by Objectives
Many organisations have a mission statement that tries to encapsulate the overall strategic management of their company.
Such statements are desi...
     
 
  Circumstances for Management By Objectives?
MBO is applicable in the right situation / circumstances only: in small and middle business scale. My experience is not really good when I was CEO for...
     
 

Mejores Prácticas - Gerencia por Objetivos, SMART
  Reference of SMART Goals
Does anyone know the reference for SMART goals? I checked in Peter Drucker’s book: “The practice of management” and did not find it. Is really Pete...
     
 
  The Essence of Management by Objectives (MBO)
MBO somewhat resembles farming, each animal or plant is allowed to individually produce a product. The farmer is there to give guidance, to control an...
     
 
  Disadvantages of Management by Objectives?
I'm trying to build a complete list of all disadvantages of Management by Objectives:
1. May lead to suboptimalization: people or d...
     
 
  SMART Management Works!
A very nice article. Organizations transcend from good to great because people use SMART goals as foundation for every day work and strive every day t...
     
 
  What Consequences if Top Executive don't do what they Promised
Can somebody give exemples or hints of what kind of consequences the CEO of a company could take if his executive team repetively doesn't deliver what...
     
 
  Mutual Commitment is the Basis of Management by Objectives
The idea of Peter Drucker on management by objectives is based on the integration of different hierarchical levels of the company. The common point is...
     
 
  Procedure on Developing Objectives and Monitoring
I am in urgent need of subject procedure and willing to pay. I.e. what's the procedure on writing SMART objectives and monitoring through scorecards....
     
 
  Management by Planning Should Replace Management by Objectives
2 of the most respected men in management theory, Drucker and Deming, disagreed over MBO. Deming proposed that ...
     
 
  How to Implement Management By Objectives?
How should one implement management by objectives?...
     
 
  Achievable vs. Realistic
I don`t see much difference between the terms "Achievable" and "Realistic", I`d rather say "Results-oriented" or "Results-directed"....
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Management by Objectives, SMART
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Organization

Benefits of MBO at Firm Level
MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the organi...
 
 
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Employee

Benefits of MBO for Employees
MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the employ...
 
 
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Manager

Benefits of MBO for Managers
MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the manage...
 
 
 

Guidelines for Managing by Objectives

Implementing Management by Objectives, Best Practices
W. A. Danny developed 10 rules for MBO systems to be effective:
1. The boss must be devoted to ...
 
 
 

How Management By Objectives Establishes Buy-In, Commitment and Engagement

Employee Participation
The most critical obstacles in managing is none other than the buy-in or commitment of...
 
 
 

Other Versions of SMART Method: SMARTIE

MBO
We often use 2 extra terms in SMART and then call it SMARTIE:
- Inspiring
- Enthousiasm.
 
 
 

Best Practices to Better Target Setting

Management by Objectives, SMART, Business Performance Management, Balanced Scorecard, KPIs, CSFs
In most organizations it is very common to specify organizational targets with the aim of increasing...
 
 
 

Management by Dynamic Objectives (MBDO)

Implementing a Flexible MBO System
Normally MBO works with a particular time frame in mind. Over that period, various kinds of objectiv...
 
 
 

Managing Intelligent People

People Management
Remember it's best to tell clever people WHAT you want, not HOW to do it...
You will find these...
 
 
 

Fairness of Managers and Leaders: are Fair Leaders More Effective?

Management, Leadership, HR, Performance Appraisals
In many studies the relationship between fairness and effective leadership is studied. Managers and ...
 
 

Recursos - Gerencia por Objetivos, SMART
 

Noticias sobre Objectivos Drucker


     
 

Noticias sobre Smart Gerencia


     
 

Vídeos sobre Objectivos Drucker


     
 

Vídeos sobre Smart Gerencia


     
 

Presentaciones sobre Objectivos Drucker


     
 

Presentaciones sobre Smart Gerencia


     
 

Más sobre Objectivos Drucker


     
 

Más sobre Smart Gerencia


     

Compare La Gerencia por Objetivos, con: Factores Críticos de Éxito y Indicadores Clave de Desempeño  |  Gerencia Científica  |  (Gestión Basada en Valor  |  Liderazgo Basado en Resultados  |  RACI  |  Gestión del Cambio  |  Siete Hábitos  |  Siete Sorpresas para los Presidentes de Directorio Nuevos  |  Teoría de la Trayectoria-Meta  |  Modelo del Liderazgo Continuo  |  Gerencia Orientada por Resultados  |  Metodología Hoshin Kanri


Vuelva a la página principal de Administración: Cambio y Organización  |  Toma de Decisiones y Valuación  |  Recursos Humanos  |  Liderazgo  |  Gerencia de Programas y Proyectos  |  Estrategía


Más Métodos, Modelos y Teoría de la Administración

Special Interest Group Leader

Usted aquí? Inscríbase gratuitamente


 


Acerca de 12manage | Publicidad | Enlace a nosotros / Citarnos | Privacidad | Sugerencias | Términos del Servicio
© 2019 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.0 – Última actualización: 18-2-2019. Todos los nombres ™ de suspropietarios.