Management by Objectives. SMART
(Drucker)

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Peter Drucker - Management By ObjectivesWhat is Management by Objectives? Description

MBO relies on the defining of objectives for each employee and then to compare and to direct their performance against the objectives which have been set. It aims to increase the performance of the organization by matching organizational goals with the objectives of subordinates throughout the organization. Ideally, employees receive strong input to identify their objectives, time lines for completion, etc.
MBO includes continuous tracking of the processes and providing feedback to reach the objectives.


Peter Drucker

Management by Objectives was first outlined by Peter Drucker in 1954 in his book 'The practice of Management'. According to Drucker managers should avoid 'the activity trap', getting so involved in their day to day activities that they forget their main purpose or objective. One of the concepts of MBO was that instead of just a few top-managers, all managers of a firm should participate in the strategic planning process, in order to improve the implementability of the plan. Another concept of Management by Objectives was, that managers should implement a range of performance systems, which are designed to help the organization to function well. Clearly, Management by Objectives can thus be seen as a predecessor of Value Based Management.


Principles of Management by Objectives

  • Cascading of organizational goals and objectives,

  • Specific objectives for each member,

  • Participative decision making,

  • Explicit time period, and

  • Performance evaluation and provide feedback.

Management by Objectives also introduced the SMART method for checking the validity of the objectives, which should be 'SMART':

  • Specific

  • Measurable

  • Achievable

  • Realistic, and

  • Time-related.

In the 90s, Peter Drucker put the significance of this organization management method into perspective, when he said: "It's just another tool. It is not the great cure for management inefficiency... Management by Objectives works if you know the objectives, 90% of the time you don't."


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🔥 NEW How to Set and Reach your Personal Goals / Objectives
At the end of each year, many of us are intrigued by the idea of new year's resolutions. While it is always better to ha (...)
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What Exactly are "Objectives" in Management by Objectives?
Objectives represent annual marks that your program needs to achieve in order to accomplish its goals by the end of the (...)
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Is Management By Objectives Transferable to the Care Sector?
I'm currently working in care as a team leader and I'm looking for a good way to manage staff. Any suggestions/experien (...)
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Great Book on Management by Objectives
A great book I wrote to learn about Management by Objectives is "Performance Reviews, The Bad, The Ugly... The Alternati (...)
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Best Practices

The top-rated discussion topics about Management by Objectives, SMART. Here you will find the most valuable ideas and practical suggestions.


🥇 Reference of SMART Goals
Does anyone know the reference for SMART goals? I checked in Peter Drucker’s book: “The practice of management” and di (...)
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🥈 The Essence of Management by Objectives (MBO)
MBO somewhat resembles farming, each animal or plant is allowed to individually produce a product. The farmer is there t (...)
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🥉 Disadvantages of Management by Objectives?
I'm trying to build a complete list of all disadvantages of Management by Objectives: 1. May lead to suboptimalization: (...)
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SMART Management Works!
A very nice article. Organizations transcend from good to great because people use SMART goals as foundation for every d (...)
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Management By Objectives in Public Management
How to introduce Management By Objectives (MBO) in public organizations? Who can share some experiences? Thanks... (...)
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What Consequences if Top Executive don't do what they Promised
Can somebody give exemples or hints of what kind of consequences the CEO of a company could take if his executive team r (...)
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Mutual Commitment is the Basis of Management by Objectives
The idea of Peter Drucker on management by objectives is based on the integration of different hierarchical levels of th (...)
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Procedure on Developing Objectives and Monitoring
I am in urgent need of subject procedure and willing to pay. I.e. what's the procedure on writing SMART objectives and m (...)
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Management by Planning Should Replace Management by Objectives
2 of the most respected men in management theory, Drucker and , disagreed over MBO. Deming proposed that MBO did not tak (...)
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Achievable vs. Realistic
I don`t see much difference between the terms "Achievable" and "Realistic", I`d rather say "Results-oriented" or "Result (...)
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How to Implement Management By Objectives?
How should one implement management by objectives? (...)
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Objectivity in the Measuring / Evaluating Objectives
Drucker introduced a very pertinent concept in management which - if effectively implemented - brings about noticeable i (...)
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Management By Objectives Examples
Can anyone give some examples of organizations using MBO successfuly today? (...)
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Turning the Objectives into Actions
Drucker rightly identified the need for strategy and objectives, but did not pursue how to turn the objectives into acti (...)
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Management by Objectives vs. Control Self Assessment
In the principle of Management By Objective, MBO, just like Facilitated Team Workshop in Control Self Assessment, CSA, p (...)
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Mitigating the Disadvantages of Management By Objectives
How can we deal with the disadvantages of MBO? (...)
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Management by Objectives and Clear Objectives
MBO gives clear direction to an employee what he is paid to do.... Under SMART whatever you do beyond set objectives goe (...)
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Setting SMART Objectives
What would be the best SMART objectives to set for the first-line manager, who just started on the job in the retail in (...)
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Management by Initiatives!
To my personal considerations, MBO has had its day. It's time to add a new dimension to this 'age old' management style (...)
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Management by Objectives Needs Tracking and Feedback
I would like to dedicate my opinion on MBO. It aims to increase organizational performance by aligning goals and subordi (...)
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SMART is Always Smart...
This is called you define your objectives... Though the implementation is tough.. The results are far from your imaginat (...)
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Does Management by Objectives Work in a Church?
I find a lot of problems in church as a pure non profit organization. There is no a clear vision. There are not measurab (...)
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Mission Statements and Management by Objectives
Many organisations have a mission statement that tries to encapsulate the overall strategic management of their company. (...)
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Circumstances for Management By Objectives?
MBO is applicable in the right situation / circumstances only: in small and middle business scale. My experience is not (...)
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Expert Tips

Advanced insights about Management by Objectives, SMART. Here you will find professional advices by experts.


Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Organization

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Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Employee

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Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Manager

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Guidelines for Managing by Objectives

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Information Sources

Various sources of information regarding Management by Objectives, SMART. Here you will find powerpoints, videos, news, etc. to use in your own lectures and workshops.


Introduction to Management by Objectives (Drucker)

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Compare with Management by Objectives: CSFs and KPIs  |  Scientific Management  |  Value Based Management  |  Results-Based Leadership  |  RACI  |  Change Management  |  Seven Habits  |  Seven Surprises  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Leadership Continuum  |  Result Oriented Management  |  Hoshin Kanri - Policy Deployment


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