Action Learning[行动学习法] (Revans)

知识中心



摘要,论坛,最佳做法,专家提示和信息来源。

100 项 • 554.191 次访问


总结

什么是行动学习法(Action Learning)? 释义

行动学习法的不同解释:

  • 一群具有不同技能和经验的人,被组合成团队,分析解决某一实际工作问题,或执行一项具体行动方案的过程。 在方案执行过程中,这一专门小组不断聚会,对方案进行及时修正,与此同时,小组成员学到新知。 简而言之,行动学习法就是在实践中学习。
  • 一种个人成长和组织发展的方法。 工作在同一个组织或团队中的成员,协同应对重大组织难题,努力扭转困难局面,并将其视为学习过程。 当人们面对难题挑战时——这些难题通常有一个正确答案,传统的系统化教学法,可以说是一个非常有效的学习途径。 然而,当面对那些没有所谓正确答案的“问题”时,则需要有一种批判式的思考能力与质疑式的洞察能力。 行动学习法恰恰提供给了人们一个向困难学习、向过程学习以及向自己学习的机会,进而鼓励人们做这样的一种批判式思考。 这种学习方法的优越性在于,所学知识更加容易被转移到日后类似的情境中去,参与者将经历一种“循环学习”的体验。当类似情境出现,参与者收获的不仅是对行动计划的真实反馈,而且是对自我内心及心智模型的真实检阅。
  • 一个基于经验的、助人成长的学习方法,运用解决实际困难的方式实现学习目的。 行动学习法项目以专门小组为单位,他们经常性地举行聚会,讨论解决真实具体难题,并带有明确的从实践中学习的目的。 小组内往往有名一经验丰富的督导员,他擅长于从小组成员的集体活动中发现、创造学习机会。

行动学习法通常包括以下活动 Action Learning[行动学习法]

  1. 从实际经验中学习。
  2. 创造性地解决问题。
  3. 自觉获取相关知识。
  4. 团队成员互助学习。

上述每一项活动就其自身而言,都是很重要的学习方法,但它们必须融为一体,融入实际行动中,才称得上行动学习法,才更为有效。
 

行动学习法的特征

  1. 以实践活动为重点。
  2. 以学习团队为单位。
  3. 以真实案例为对象。
  4. 以角色扮演为手段。
  5. 以团体决断为要求。
  6. 以终结汇讲为形式(Presentation)。

行动学习法的起源。 历史

Reg Revans教授在早在1940年代首先引入了“行动学习法”这一概念,并将其应用于英格兰和威尔士煤矿业的组织培训。 据Revans教授本人的阐述,行动学习法的目的不仅是为了促进某一具体项目或个人的学习发展,更致力于推动组织变革, 将组织全面转化成“一个学习系统”。


行动学习法的公式

Revans教授用公式L = P + Q来描述行动学习法,这里L代表知识(Learning),P代表系统化程序化(Programmed),Q代表提问、质疑(Questioning),亦即真知灼见来源于对系统化知识的深度辨析。


行动学习法的实际运用。 应用

  • 阐述复杂的、棘手的难题。
  • 寻找从根源上解决问题的办法。
  • 确立战略性的指导方案,发掘尽可能多的机会。
  • 产生创造性的主意。

行动学习法的步骤。 流程

  1. 开宗明义。 向全体小组成员汇讲所面临的困难、所要执行的任务。 一个专门小组通常能够处理一项或多项任务。
  2. 成立小组。 学习小组成员包括志愿者或指派人员,他们既可以致力于同一个组织问题,也可以协同解决各自部门所独有的难题。 应召人员要有互补的专业技能和经验知识。 比较: Belbin Team Roles[贝尔宾团队角色]。 学习小组可以聚会一次或多次, 这取决于问题的难易程度以及时间限度。
  3. 分析问题。分析小组所面临的各项问题,思考解决问题的行动计划。
  4. 汇讲问题。问题提供者向小组其他成员介绍他的问题。 问题提供者可以作为小组成员留在组内工作,或者退出,或者等待小组给出具体建议。
  5. 问题重组。 在对各项难题条分缕析之后,并经由行动学习法督导员的指导,学习小组将就亟待解决的关键问题、核心问题达成共识。 学习小组还要找出困难、问题的症结所在,这一发现很有可能不同于起初的判断和认定。
  6. 确立目标。 关键问题被找到之后,学习小组要确立目标,并就此达成共识。 这一目标就是要立足长远、从个人、团队及组织的三方立场出发,积极稳妥地解决经由小组重新认定的问题。
  7. 制定战略。 学习小组大部分的时间和精力将要用在问题辨析、方案测试上。 同样,行动战略的制订和产生也要通过小组成员的相互交流和深思熟虑。
  8. 采取行动。 在学习小组聚会前后的时间里,小组成员合作或者独立工作,收集相关信息,搜寻支持要素,执行经由小组议定的行动战略。
  9. 工作循环。小组成员反复聚会、研讨、学习、行动,直到认定的困难、问题被解决,或者又有新的指导方案被提出为止。
  10. 见缝插针。 在小组举行研讨会期间,行动学习法督导员被允许在任何可能的情况下,打断小组会议, 向小组成员提出问题,借以帮助他们:
    • 澄清问题。
    • 寻找更佳的途径,使得团队行动表现得更好。
    • 思考是否能够将个人的学习收获应用到个人成长、团队和组织发展上去。

    每隔一段时间,要重新召集会议,讨论进展情况、吸取经验教训、审议下一步工作。 每次会议都要做好会议记录,以备未来查询参考。 要重点记录每一学习阶段所汲取的经验教训。

行动学习法的优势。 优点

  • 提供了一个高效的、创造性的行动与学习相结合的学习方法。 这种方法在变革迅猛、经常面对不可预知的挑战性工作环境里,显得尤为重要。
  • 有助于解决各种疑难杂症、急迫难题。
  • 有助于培养富有技能的领导和高效团队。
  • 有助于企业文化转型,培育学习型组织。
  • 所有投入最终转化成切实成果。
  • 与己休戚相关的学习案例,极易调动成年人的学习积极性。 与此同时,各种方法、技能应用于真实案例,其有效性一目了然。参与者很容易就能告诉自己,哪些是有用的,哪些能够被应用到他处。

行动学习法的局限。 缺点

  • 行动学习法要求组织一系列有效的学习活动。
  • 行动学习法的项目设计及其内容至关重要。
  • 参与者有时会将重点放在结果上,而对学习过程不予足够的重视。 如果没有充分的反馈、反思,行动学习法无异于执行正常的工作任务。
  • 一旦某一小组成员或是某一专业领域形成主导局面,学习小组所产生的任何成果便再无创造性、深刻性可言。 (比较: Groupthink[团体迷思])。
  • 需要一个优秀的、客观的督导员。
  • 项目结果的后续工作有虎头蛇尾的风险。

参考书: R.W. Revans - Action Learning: New Techniques for Management

参考书: Michael Marquardt - Action Learning in Action: Transforming Problems and People...

参考书: Michael Marquardt - Optimizing the Power of Action Learning: Solving Problems and Building Leaders...


小组

加入

行动学习法 小组。



小组 (85名成员)

论坛

新主题

行动学习法论坛。


🔥 行动学习法的保障
关键有6个保障:高层、问题、小组、承诺、引导、推广。 (...)
0
 
Action Learning is Nothing New
Nothing new. All learning start with available knowledge + problem + available solutions + best among them + traditional (...)
7
 
1条评论
Conditions for Action Learning. Circumstances
My experience in a corporate organization is that you need:
1. An active driver (champion) behind the AL process, t (...)
6
 
Action Learning Mantra - Right or Wrong?
Revans said: There is no learning without action and no sober and deliberate action without learning.
Is this reall (...)
5
 
A New Name for Action Learning?
What do you think: Is it time for a name change and a relaunch?
How about: Learning in Action - sounds more dynamic (...)
4
 
4条评论
Does Action Learning Deal with the Knowing - Doing Gap?
Action Learning is surely working in this era of human behavior and learning? Is there far too much knowing in organizat (...)
3
 
1条评论
Key Features of Action Learning
Here's a list of the key features of Action Learning (AL) in a business context.
- Small action sets with people wh (...)
3
 
Distance: An Action Learning Delusion?
The distance between our actions and the observable, known, impact of those actions can be close (when we have a coachin (...)
3
 
2条评论
The Return on Investment of Action Learning
Is there hard evidence for an attributable Return on Investment (ROI) for Action Learning programmes out there somewhere (...)
2
 
Socrates and Action Learning?
The Socratic Method - which he used more than 2000 years ago still works and has many similarities to an Action Learni (...)
2
 
The Difference in Learning Between Knowing and Doing
When it comes to learning, there is a world of difference between knowing and doing. Many learning programmes leave part (...)
2
 
Action Learning in Fire Departments
I am exploring the possibilities of action learning in the discipline and work practices of fire departments in the Neth (...)
2
 
2条评论
Which Comes First - Action or Learning?
Does action always precede learning or does learning precede action? Does this matter? Can both take place simultaneousl (...)
2
 
Action Learning Facilitation
Revans (1998) himself was critical of the need for facilitators apart from the earliest stages of the process, believing (...)
2
 
New Year Action Learning Resolutions
Now may be a good point to put time in the diary very early in 2014 to actively reflect on 2013 and what has been learne (...)
1
 
Experiential Learning Through Virtual Simulation
One of the processes involved in action learning is experiential learning: a learning technique that takes into account (...)
1
 
1条评论
New Radka Action Learning Matrix
Please have a look at my new Action Learning Matrix which can be used to understand the learning dynamics of teams and l (...)
1
 

开始一个新的论坛主题关于行动学习法更多资讯

 

最佳实践

注册

关于行动学习法的最高评价的讨论主题。在这里你会找到最有价值的思路和切实可行的建议。


Why Action Learning? Purpose
Many "study groups" result in heightened awareness and increased knowledge but often stop there. In my work with action (...)
41
 
1条评论

Similar Knowledge Level
First of all, to succeed in active learning, the different entities involved should not be far in terms of basic knowled (...)
27
 
1条评论

New Technologies for Action Learning
Great overview, my interest is how the new technologies "leverage" action learning (and research)? (...)
26
 
Action Learning Principles
1. Make sure that your students understand why
2. Respect that they have different styles to learn (auditory-visual (...)
24
 
Introduction to 2nd and Consecutive Sessions
I have learned that is very important to start second and consecutive sessions in a learning course with a brief review (...)
24
 
Action Learning in Leadership Development
Leadership development programs that most organizations currently use do not deal with all dimensions necessary for beco (...)
14
 
9条评论

Virtual Action Learning
Is anyone doing virtual action learning? If so i'd be very interested to hear from you. I'm researching this emerging fo (...)
14
 
6条评论

What are the Questions in the Action Learning Formula ( L = P + Q)
The Q in the Action Learning formula refers to:
A. Four "major" questions:
1. Where?
2. Who?
3. When (...)
14
 
3条评论

Puzzles , Problems and New Learning
I wholeheartedly agree about the difference between 'puzzles' and 'problems'. However, for me, there is a problem of con (...)
11
 
4条评论

Action Learning Cycle
If there is an action learning cycle then what is best point to break into the cycle? (...)
10
 
4条评论

专家提示

注册

关于Action Learning(英语)的高级见解。在这里,您将找到专家的专业建议。


Capturing Learned Lessons: After Action Reviews

How to Capture Organizational Learning? Best Practices
Knowledge from bad and good experiences will lead you and your organization to better future performance. You can improv (...)

'Action' Learning is Misleading...

Understanding Action Learning
Note that the title "Action Learning" can be a bit misleading, because it emphasizes action, learning in practical situa (...)

Action Learning Groups / Programs

Creating an Action Learning Organiztion
According to Michael J. Marquardt (Action Learning in Action), there are two basic types of programs: Single-project pro (...)

6 Action Learning Components

How To Apply It
According to Michael J. Marquardt (Action Learning in Action), Action Learning has Six Interactive Components: 1. A pro (...)

Execution as Learning

Similar Approach
Also compare Action Learning with the quite similar Execution as Learning-approach by Amy Edmondson. (...)

Core Characteristic of Action Learning

What Makes an AL Group Different?
The difference between a simple work team (like a task force or a quality circle) and an Action Learning group is the si (...)

Alignment is key

Change and innovation
Having used action learning in several programs over 3 years I now always align the Action Learning with the strategy of (...)
信息来源

注册

有关行动学习法的各种信息来源。在这里,您将找到Powerpoint,视频,新闻等可用于您自己的讲座和讲习班。


Action Learning in Action

Action Learning, Problem Solving
Good, detailed presentation about Action Learning by M.J. Marquardt. - Concept of action learning, benefits and an some (...)

Action Learning Schools and Varieties, History of Action Learning

Action Learning
This presentation outlines the various schools on action learning and the varieties of Action Learning it has generated. (...)

Action Learning Guide

Anyone Interested in Learning About Action Learning
Open source Ashridge College reference document with background and description of Action Learning, as well as useful bo (...)

Introduction to Action Learning by Reg Revans

Historical Background and Foundation of of Action Learning
In this 1984 (!) video, Professor Reg Evans explains that the central idea behind and the foundation of Action Learning (...)

Professor Evans Explains Why Fast Change Requires New Ways of Learning and Thinking

Action Learning, Coping with Change, The Need of Change, The Need for New Ways of Learning
In this historic video Action Learning Professor Reg Evans shows that it is very important to understand that today's ra (...)

Applying Creative Thinking to Complex Business Problem Solving

Creative Thinking, Problem Solving, Complex Problem Solving Techniques
This presentation focuses on creative thinking as a useful tool for dealing with complex business issues. It includes th (...)

Introduction to Working in Teams, Team Work and Related Concepts

Team Management, Team Work, Groupthink
Presentation about teamwork, including the following sections: 1. Importance of Teams 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Definiti (...)

Organizational Framework

Action Learning
Paper by Ivo de Loo and Otmar Donnenberg. Action learning programs are supposed to result in both personal and organizat (...)

The Knowing - Doing Gap

A New Action Learning Perspective?
'The Knowing-Doing Gap' by J. Pfeffer & R. Sutton explores and identifies the causes of this gap and provides insights o (...)

Action Learning Toolkit

Action Learning Sets
This is a very good sample activity which you are welcome to use in your training programmes. This sample activity is ju (...)

Action Learning Diagram

Experiential Learning
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in (...)

Action Learning in Leadership Programmes (2)

Action Learning for Leadership Development
How I will use my learning insights from Paper 1 to organise the Action Learning content/process before commencement, in (...)

Tools and Approaches to Complement Action Learning (3)

Action Learning Tools
This Action Learning Question asks how I will use my learning insights and understanding from Research Papers 1 and 2 to (...)

Co Consulting Action Learning

Different AL Approach
Co Consulting Action Learning Involves working with a group or set of people in a quiet space. The novelty in this appr (...)

Evaluation of Action Learning Approaches to a Leadership Programme (1)

Action Learning
How do I evaluate, and learn from, the use of Action Learning approaches within a pilot Leadership Programme to inform (...)

Radka Action Learning Matrix

Team Leadership Reflection and Assessment
A new matrix which explores the dynamics of action and learning within teams and in relation to the behaviour of the tea (...)

研究链接

注册

自动跳入有关以下内容的其他有用资源行动学习法。


新闻 视频 简报 书比人好 更多

新闻

视频

简报

书比人好

更多


比较: Team Management Profile[团队管理剖面]  |  Stages of Team Development[团队发展阶段]  |  8D Problem Solving[8D问题求解]  |  Appreciative Inquiry[肯定式探询]  |  Positive Deviance[正向偏差]  |  Analogical Strategic Reasoning[战略类推]  |  Knowledge Management[知识管理] (Collison & Parcell)  |  SECI model[SECI模型]  |  Bridging Epistemologies[桥接认识论]  |  Organizational Learning[组织学习]  |  Organizational Memory[组织记忆]  |  Cause and Effect Diagram[因果图]  |  Root Cause Analysis[根本原因分析]  |  Metaplan[元规划]  |  Groupthink[团体迷思]  |  Six Thinking Hats[六项思考帽]  |  Emotional Intelligence[情感智能]  |  Training Within Industry[业内训练]  |  Pyramid Principle[金字塔原则]


返回到分类主页: 变革与组织  |  沟通与技能  |  决策与评估  |  知识与无形资产  |  战略与策略


更多管理方法、模型和理论

小组

您对感兴趣吗行动学习法?免费注册

通知你的学生

将此复制到您的学习资料中:

并添加超链接至:

链接到该知识中心

将此HTML代码复制到您的网站:

 


关于12manage | 广告服务 | 链接到我们/引用我们 | 隐私 | 建议 | 服务条款
© 2021 12manage - The Executive Fast Track V15.8 - 最后更新:26-7-2021 所有名称™属于其所有者