What is the Path-Goal Theory? Description
This idea of Robert House holds that a leader can affect the performance,
satisfaction, and motivation of a group by:
- Offering rewards for achieving performance goals,
- Clarifying paths towards these goals,
- Removing obstacles to performance.
However, whether leadership behavior can do so effectively also depends
on situational factors.
Situational Factors of the Path-Goal Theory
- Subordinates' Personality
- Locus of Control. A participative leader is suitable for subordinates
with internal locus of control; A directive leader is suitable for subordinates
with external locus of control.
- Self-perceived ability. Subordinates that believe they have a high
ability themselves, do not like directive leadership. Compare:
- Characteristics of the environment:
- When a group is working on a task that has a high structure, directive
leadership is redundant and less effective.
- When a highly formal authority system is in place, directive leadership
can again reduce workers' satisfaction.
- When subordinates are in a team environment offering great social
support, the supportive leadership style becomes less necessary.
According to House, there are four different types of leadership styles
depending on the situation.
Four Leadership Styles (House)
- Directive Leadership. The leader gives specific guidance of performance
to subordinates. Compare:
Theory of Needs
- Supportive Leadership. The leader is friendly and shows concern
for the subordinates.
- Participative Leadership. The leader consults with subordinates
and considers their suggestions.
- Achievement-oriented Leadership. The leader sets high goals and
expects subordinates to have high-level performance.
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Compare with Path-Goal Theory:
4 Dimensions of
Relational Work |
Theory of Needs
| Hierarchy of Needs
| Result Oriented
| Level 5 Leadership
| Leadership Continuum
| Herzberg Two Factor
Competing Values Framework
| Theory X Theory Y
| Hawthorne Effect
| Change Management |
| Seven Habits |
| Expectancy Theory
| Framing |
| EPIC ADVISERS
| Charismatic Leadership
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