Path-Goal Theory
(House)

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Offering paths to achieve goals. Explanation of Path-Goal Theory of Robert House. ('71)

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

What is the Path-Goal Theory? Description

This idea of Robert House holds that a leader can affect the performance, satisfaction, and motivation of a group by:

  • Offering rewards for achieving performance goals,
  • Clarifying paths towards these goals,
  • Removing obstacles to performance.

However, whether leadership behavior can do so effectively also depends on situational factors.
 

Situational Factors of the Path-Goal Theory

  • Subordinates' Personality
    • Locus of Control. A participative leader is suitable for subordinates with internal locus of control; A directive leader is suitable for subordinates with external locus of control.
    • Self-perceived ability. Subordinates that believe they have a high ability themselves, do not like directive leadership. Compare: Attribution Theory
  • Characteristics of the environment:
    • When a group is working on a task that has a high structure, directive leadership is redundant and less effective.
    • When a highly formal authority system is in place, directive leadership can again reduce workers' satisfaction.
    • When subordinates are in a team environment offering great social support, the supportive leadership style becomes less necessary.

According to House, there are four different types of leadership styles depending on the situation.


Four Leadership Styles (House)

  1. Directive Leadership. The leader gives specific guidance of performance to subordinates. Compare: Theory of Needs
  2. Supportive Leadership. The leader is friendly and shows concern for the subordinates.
  3. Participative Leadership. The leader consults with subordinates and considers their suggestions.
  4. Achievement-oriented Leadership. The leader sets high goals and expects subordinates to have high-level performance.

Path-Goal Theory Forum
  Path-goal Theory versus Attribution Theory
What do the path-goal theory and atribution theory...
     
 
  What is Locus of Contol? Definitions
What is meant by locus of control?...
     
 
  House Leadership Style Questinnaire
Can anyone help in find "House Leadership Style Qu...
     
 
  Path-Goal Styles Differences
What are further differences between the four Path...
     
 

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Best Practices - Path-Goal Theory Premium

Expert Tips - Path-Goal Theory Premium
 

Leadership Styles

To choose a leadership style that fits the situati...
Usage (application): Choosing the Right Style
 
 
 

LEADER: Best Practices for Effective Leadership Behavior

Following six short behavioral tips can help you t...
Usage (application): Leadership Behavior, Leadership Effectiveness, Leadership Style
 
 
 

2 Contingency Variables in Leader-Follower Relationship

Path-Goal Theory assumes that leaders are flexible...
Usage (application): Path-Goal Theory
 
 

Resources - Path-Goal Theory Premium

Contingency Leadership Theories In-depth

This presentation covers the subject of contingenc...
Usage (application): Contingency Theory, Normative Decision Model, Situational Leadership Theory, Path-Goal Theory
 

Path-Goal Theory (House)

Overview of Path-Goal Theory (PGT). Main topics: Usage (application): Overview of Path-Goal Theory
 

Human Motivation

Comprehesive presentation on Human / Employee Moti...
Usage (application): Employee Motivation
 

Overview of 6 Leadership Schools and their Member Theories

This presentation provides an overview of various ...
Usage (application): Leadership Schools, Leadership History, Leadership Introduction, Leadership Theories
 

Goal Setting: Purpose, Models and Steps

This presentation provides information about goal ...
Usage (application): Goal Setting, FRAME Model, SMART Goals, Motivation, Commitment
 

Path-Goal Picture 1

Picture shows how environmental and subordinate co...
Usage (application): Path-Goal Theory
 

Path-Goal Picture 2

Overview Picture...
Usage (application): Path-Goal Theory
 
 

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Compare with Path-Goal Theory:  Leadership Styles  |  Situational Leadership  |  4 Dimensions of Relational Work  |  Theory of Needs  |  Hierarchy of Needs  |  Result Oriented Management  |  Results-Based Leadership  |  Level 5 Leadership  |  Leadership Continuum  |  Herzberg Two Factor Theory  |  Competing Values Framework  |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Hawthorne Effect  |  Change Management  |  Seven Surprises  |  Seven Habits  |  SMART  |  PAEIEmotional Intelligence  |  Expectancy Theory  |  Framing  |  Cultural Intelligence  |  EPIC ADVISERS  |  Charismatic Leadership


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