Force Field Analysis
(Lewin)

Knowledge Center

12manage is looking for contributors...

   

Analyzing change factors: the driving forces and the restraining forces. Explanation of Force Field Analysis and Diagram. Kurt Lewin.

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

Kurt Lewin

Kurt Lewin was an American social psychologist. He has contributed to science group dynamics and action research, and he is regarded one of the founders of modern psychology. But Lewin is perhaps best-known for developing Force Field Analysis and Force Field Diagrams.


Force Field Analysis Diagram LewinLewin's view on organizations

According to Kurt Lewin, an issue is held in balance by the interaction of two opposing sets of forces. Those seeking to promote change: the driving forces. And those attempting to maintain the status quo: the restraining forces. Lewin viewed organizations as systems in which the present situation was not a static pattern. But a dynamic balance ("Equilibrium") of forces working in opposite directions. In order for any change to occur, the driving forces must exceed the restraining forces, thus shifting the equilibrium. Compare: Catastrophe Theory.


The Force Field Diagram

The Force Field Diagram is a model built on this idea that forces are both driving and restraining change. These forces include: persons, habits, customs, and attitudes. A Force Field Diagram can be used at any level: personal, project, organizational, network, to visualize the forces that may work in favor and against change initiatives. The diagram helps its user to picture the "war" between forces around a given issue. Usually, a planned change issue is described at the top. Below this, there are two columns. The driving forces are listed in the left column, and the restraining forces in the right-hand column. Arrows are drawn towards the middle. Longer arrows indicate stronger forces. The idea is to understand, and to make explicit, all the forces acting on a given issue.


Use of the Force Field Analysis method

  • Investigate the balance of power involved in an issue.
  • Identify the most important players (stakeholders) and target groups for a campaign on the issue.
  • Identify opponents and allies.
  • Identify how you can influence each target group

Steps in a Force Field Analysis? Process

  1. Describe the current situation.
  2. Describe the desired situation.
  3. Identify where the current situation will go if no action is taken.
  4. List all the forces driving change toward the desired situation.
  5. List all the forces resisting change toward the desired situation.
  6. Discuss and interrogate all of the forces: are they valid? Can they be changed? Which are the critical ones?
  7. Allocate a score to each of the forces using a numerical scale e.g. 1 is extremely weak and 10 is extremely strong.
  8. Chart the forces. List the driving forces on the left. And list the restraining forces on the right.
  9. Determine whether change is viable and progress can occur.
  10. Discuss how the change can be affected by decreasing the strength of the restraining forces or by increasing the strength of driving forces.
  11. Remember that increasing the driving forces or decreasing the restraining forces may increase or decrease other forces or even create new ones.

Force Field Analysis Forum
  Measuring Driving and Restraining Forces - Metrics
I'm swearing off companies in crisis. I had an eng...
     
 
  Organizational Change: How to Increase Driving Forces and How to Decrease Restraining Forces?
I could do with some practical advice increasing d...
     
 
  Three Strategic Frameworks (Mulcaster)
Mulcaster (2008) developed 3 strategic frameworks ...
     
 
  The Human Factor in Force Field Analysis
The FFA is a great tool in analysing change. In a ...
     
 
  Using Force Field Analysis for Gender Analysis
Force field analysis is an appropriate tool for ge...
     
 
  Force Field Analysis Helps to Consider Barriers Before Embarking Change
Change is hard. Force field analysis helps to summ...
     
 
  Dynamism is the Interface to Change Issues
Change is must for all entities. It is part of eve...
     
 
  Identifying Change Drivers
This is my first communication on this amazing sit...
     
 
  Where does Power Come From?
What is the origin of power forces?...
     
 
  Unfreeze, Changing and Refreeze
I just wonder besides of "Force Field Analysis" , ...
     
 
  Be a Change Catalyst
If one has to make a choice that sees the benefits...
     
 
  Force Field Diagram Assumptions
I think that the model of Lewin is reducing the ...
     
 
  Implementation of Change in an Organisation
This is a powerful tool of directing the change ma...
     
 
  Origin of Force Field Analysis
I seem to remember from my early days in OD that L...
     
 
  MSCS Concept in Force Field Analysis
In the force field analysis I use the MSCS (Magnit...
     
 
  Decreasing Restraining Forces is easier
I have used Force Field Analysis in the past in th...
     
 
  Quotes by Kurt Lewin
If you want to truly understand something, try to ...
     
 
  Post-Merger Force Fields
In Post-Merger relationships restraining forces wi...
     
 

Force Field Analysis Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

Force Field Analysis Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Best Practices - Force Field Analysis Premium

Expert Tips - Force Field Analysis Premium
 

Concerns Against Change and their RemediesSign up

According to Ken Blanchard in the article “Masteri...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change
 
 
 

Leadership Strategies for ChangeSign up

In response to the high rate of change failure, Ke...
Usage (application): Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
 
 
 

The Next Steps when FFA is Done...Sign up

After the analysis is done and the existing forces...
Usage (application): Actions to Take after a Force Field Analysis, FFA Implementation
 
 
 

The Force of Employees in Change InititiavesSign up

The concept of  
 
 

Implementing Force Field Analysis in the Strategy ProcessSign up

In his article "Force Field Analysis: A New Way to...
Usage (application): Practical Guidelines, Best Practices
 
 
 

Industry’s Driving ForcesSign up

Many events can affect an industry powerfully enou...
Usage (application): Organizational Change
 
 
 

Describing and Analyzing Driving ForcesSign up

When analyzing potential trends or driving forces,...
Usage (application): FFA Implementation
 
 
 

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organization’s Capacity for ChangeSign up

In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit O...
Usage (application): Leading Change
 
 
 

Unfreezing, Moving, FreezingSign up

In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin...
Usage (application): Change Management
 
 
 

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and HowSign up

If we need to change strategically, we need to thi...
Usage (application): Preparing Strategic Change
 
 
 

Typical Driving ForcesSign up

Typical driving forces include: felt need for chan...
Usage (application): Examples
 
 
 

Typical Restraining ForcesSign up

Typical restraining forces include: inertia, apath...
Usage (application): Examples
 
 

Resources - Force Field Analysis Premium

Force Field AnalysisSign up

Good explanation about FFA by Vivek Birla. The aut...
Usage (application): Force Field Analysis
 

Framing in the Context of ConflictsSign up

Framing and conflicts
This presentation elabo...
Usage (application): Framing, Negotiation, Collective Bargaining, Stakeholder Analysis, Force Field Analysis, Conflict Management
 

Dealing with Strong ResistersSign up

Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing...
Usage (application): Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop
 

Getting Started with Force Field AnalysisSign up

To make a decision you can make a list of the PROs...
Usage (application): Force Field Analysis, Change Management, Problem Solving
 

Applying Creative Thinking to Complex Business Problem SolvingSign up

This presentation focuses on creative thinking as ...
Usage (application): Creative Thinking, Problem Solving, Complex Problem Solving Techniques
 

Managing Organizational ChangeSign up

This is a presentation about the ways to manage ch...
Usage (application): Change Management, Leading Change, Organizational Development
 

22 Best Practices in Change ManagementSign up

Presentation starts with short introduction of man...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change
 

Force Field Analysis DiagramSign up

Download and edit the 12manage PowerPoint model fo...
Usage (application): Force Field Analysis
 
 

News about Force AnalysisSign up


     
 

News about Change ForcesSign up


     
 

Videos about Force AnalysisSign up


     
 

Videos about Change ForcesSign up


     
 

Presentations about Force AnalysisSign up


     
 

Presentations about Change ForcesSign up


     
 

Books about Force AnalysisSign up


     
 

Books about Change ForcesSign up


     
 

More about Force AnalysisSign up


     
 

More about Change ForcesSign up


     

Compare with Force Field Analysis: Change Management Iceberg  |  Catastrophe Theory  |  Stakeholder Analysis  |  Stakeholder Mapping  |  RACI  |  Change Model Beckhard  |  Bases of Social Power  |  DICE Framework  |  Crisis Management  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Culture Types  |  Core Group Theory  |  Planned Behavior  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Kaizen  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Root Cause Analysis  |  Brainstorming  |  Six Thinking Hats  |  Scenario Planning  |  Game Theory  |  Analogical Strategic Reasoning  |  Real Options  |  Kepner-Tregoe Matrix  |  OODA Loop  | Levels of Culture  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Decision-making & Valuation  |  Ethics & Responsibility  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership  |  Program & Project Management  |  Strategy


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here




About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
© 2018 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 18-7-2018. All names ™ of their owners.