Phases du Changement
(Kotter)

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Résumé

Souvent, créer de la valeur exige un changement significatif. John Kotter conclu dans son livre « A force for Change : How Leadership Differs from Management » (1990) qu'il y a huit raisons pour lesquelles beaucoup de processus de changement ne réussissent pas :


Huit raisons pour lesquelles beaucoup de processus de changement ne réussissent pas

  • Permettre trop de complexité.

  • Echouer à construire une coalition substantielle.

  • Ne pas comprendre le besoin de vision claire.

  • Echouer à communiquer clairement la vision.

  • Laisser faire barrage à la vision.

  • Ne pas planifier les résultats à court terme et ne pas les réaliser.

  • Déclarer la victoire trop tôt.

  • Ratez l'ancrage des changements à la culture de l'entreprise.

Le Modèle des Phases de Changement

Pour empêcher de faire ces erreurs, Kotter a créé le modèle suivant des Phases de Changement. Il comprend également huit étapes :

  1. Établissez un sens des priorités.

  2. Créez une coalition.

  3. Développez une vision claire.

  4. Partagez la vision.

  5. Responsabilisez les personnes pour enlever les obstacles.

  6. Fixez les buts à court terme.

  7. Consolidez et continuez à avancer.

  8. Ancrez le changement.

Selon Kotter, il est crucial de suivre les huit phases du changement dans la séquence exacte ci-dessus.


Livre : John Kotter - A force for Change


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🔥 NOUVEAU Phases de Changement de Kotter
La vision et son partage doivent précéder la phase de priorisation. De la vision doit découler des projets articulés da (...)
7
 
0 commentaires
Emotions During Organizational Change: the Change Curve
Swiss-American psychiatrist Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book "On Death and Dying" described 5 stages of grief to describe th (...)
36
 
15 commentaires
Using Kotter After Cameron and Quinn's Competing Values Framework
At the moment I am describing the organisational situation using the competing values framework (Cameron and Quinn) and (...)
13
 
1 commentaires
How is the Change Presented and Communicated?
Though I believe that with change management substance is important, I believe that form is also important. That which (...)
11
 
1 commentaires
How to Anchor the Change (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
10
 
0 commentaires
How to Create a Coalition (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
9
 
0 commentaires
How to Develop a Clear Vision (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
9
 
0 commentaires
How to Share / Communicate the Vision (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
9
 
0 commentaires
How to Consolidate and Keep Moving (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
9
 
0 commentaires
Kotter's Dual Operating System
John Kotter in his book Accelerate proposes a dual operating system: the hierarchy to take care of business and the netw (...)
8
 
1 commentaires
Organizational Change: Why Establish a Sense of Urgency First?
Let's focus on point number one of Kotter's Change Phases model. The statement/phrase, "Establish a sense of urgency", (...)
6
 
0 commentaires
Kotter Change Steps for Political Change
Since I learned the 8 steps change approach of Kotter, I've started following them in my business initiatives and I noti (...)
5
 
2 commentaires
How to Clear Obstacles (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
5
 
0 commentaires
Add Unlearning to Kotter's Change Phase Model
Even when a lot has been discussed about why change process don't succeed and various points have been outlined, but I f (...)
4
 
4 commentaires
Our Iceberg Is Melting
A recent book by Kotter is: Our Iceberg Is Melting: Changing and Succeeding Under Any Conditions. In this light, quick r (...)
3
 
1 commentaires
Kotter and Public Sector Change
As a 2yr MBA student and a middle manager within the fire service, I'm investigating an organisational change programme (...)
3
 
1 commentaires
How to Structure Large Scale Change Efforts
Hello All: For a textbook chapter that I am authoring, I am compiling a list of different change effort structures that (...)
1
 
7 commentaires
Meilleures Pratiques

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Les sujets les mieux notés sur Phases du Changement. Vous trouverez ici les idées les plus précieuses et des suggestions pratiques.


Kotter's New 8 Accelerators for Strategic Change
KOTTER'S ORIGINAL 8-STEP METHOD John Kotter published his “Leading Change” article in the 1995 issue of HBR. He introdu (...)
52
 
26 commentaires

Why do so Many Change Processes Fail?
Most often change processes do not succeed because of some ASSUMPTIONS we make before and during the change process. (...)
33
 
45 commentaires

Neglecting the Change Phases
I lead a change process where I was acutely aware of the fact that the initiation of change was based on a positive visi (...)
17
 
0 commentaires

How to Establish a Sense of Urgency (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
16
 
0 commentaires

Disadvantages of the Kotter Change Theory
I would like to know If someone thinks there are disadvantages to using the Kotter Change Phases theory? (...)
15
 
11 commentaires

How to Secure Short-term Wins (Kotter)? Ideas
The 8-Step Change Model sets out the eight key phases of any major change effort, arguing that neglecting any of the ste (...)
11
 
0 commentaires

The Roles of Top and Middle Management in Change
Top management must commit itself in words and deeds to accomplish the planned change. We must go more for substance rat (...)
11
 
6 commentaires

Conseils d'Experts

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Idées avancées sur Change Phases (Anglais). Vous trouverez ici des conseils professionnels d'experts.


Creating the Right Conditions Before Implementing the 8 Steps

Things to do Before Starting a Major Change Initiative
Kotter's 8-Step Change Process is clear, concise and simple to implement. It is a superb framework for change.Before im (...)

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives
Organizational change is often difficult to achieve because it disturbs the hierarchical structures and the way to accom (...)

Leadership Strategies for Change

Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Blanchard Leading Through (...)

Why Employee Involvement (Phases 1-5) is so Important

Acknowledging the Power of Employees
The concept of bases of social power is very important for organizations in the context of change initiatives. The sour (...)

Strategic Change is Acausal and Subject to Equifinality

Understanding the True Complexity of Organizational Change
The change phases concept by Kotter represents a traditional reflection on the problem of strategic change, the construc (...)

Key Success Factors when you're Designing your Change Management Program

Best Practices, Change Management, Organizational Change
In their article "Making Change Happen, and Making It Stick" (published in the online edition of strategy+business, Dece (...)

Innovating Under the Radar

Avoiding 5 Obstacles to Major Innovation
If somewhere below in a large corporation an innovator has a very bright, daring, promising but for some perhaps also th (...)

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organization’s Capacity for Change

Leading Change
In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization – Stewardship for Leading Change", James Edwin Kee and Kat (...)

Causes for Resistance Behavior

Identify Forces Against Change
Identifying the forces against change involves a two-step approach. First, the change agent needs to identify resistance (...)

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

Change Management
Kotter's Change Phases are a further refinement of the 3 phases/stages of change identified by early 20th century psycho (...)

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

Preparing Strategic Change
If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how: - Why do we want to change? - (...)

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen (...)

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

Communicating Strategic Change
In management literature the role of the CEO in formulating and implementing strategic change has often been emphasized. (...)

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework of seven C’s that c (...)
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