Change Phases

Knowledge Center


Preventing common mistakes in change processes. Explanation of Change Phases of John Kotter. ('90)


  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

Often, creating value requires significant change. John Kotter concluded in his book "A force for Change: How Leadership Differs from Management" (1990) that there are eight reasons why many change processes do not succeed:

Eight reasons why many change processes don't succeed

  • Allowing too much complacency.

  • Failing to build a substantial coalition.

  • Not understanding the need for a clear vision.

  • Failing to clearly communicate the vision.

  • Permitting roadblocks against the vision.

  • Not planning for short term results and not realizing them.

  • Declaring victory too soon.

  • Fail to anchor changes in corporate culture.

The change phases model

To prevent making these mistakes, Kotter created the following Change Phases model. It consists also out of eight steps:

  1. Establish a sense of urgency.

  2. Create a coalition.

  3. Develop a clear vision.

  4. Share the vision.

  5. Empower people to clear obstacles.

  6. Secure short-term wins.

  7. Consolidate and keep moving.

  8. Anchor the change.

According to Kotter, it is crucial to follow the eight phases of change in the above exact sequence.

Book: John Kotter - A force for Change -

Change Phases Forum
  Kotter's New 8 Accelerators for Strategic Change
John Kotter p...
  Add Unlearning to Kotter's Change Phase Model
Even when a lot has been discussed about why chang...
  Kotter and Public Sector Change
As a 2yr MBA student and a middle manager within t...
  How is the Change Presented and Communicated?
Though I believe that with change management subst...
  Kotter Change Steps for Political Change
Since I learned the 8 steps change approach of ...
  Using Kotter After Cameron and Quinn's Competing Values Framework
At the moment I am describing the organisational s...
  Neglecting the Change Phases
I lead a change process where I was acutely aware ...
  Our Iceberg Is Melting
A recent book by Kotter is: Our Iceberg Is Melting...

Change Phases Special Interest Group

Special Interest Group

Change Phases Education & Events

Find Trainings, Seminars and Events

Best Practices - Change Phases Premium
  The Roles of Top and Middle Management in Change
Top management must commit itself in words ...
  Disadvantages of the Kotter Change Theory
I would like to know If someone thinks there are d...

Expert Tips - Change Phases Premium

Creating the Right Conditions Before Implementing the 8 Steps

Kotter's 8-Step Change Process is clear, concise a...
Usage (application): Things to do Before Starting a Major Change Initiative

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Organizational change is often difficult to achiev...
Usage (application): Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives

Leadership Strategies for Change

In response to the high rate of change failure, Ke...
Usage (application): Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change

Why Employee Involvement (Phases 1-5) is so Important

The concept of  

Strategic Change is Acausal and Subject to Equifinality

The change phases concept by Kotter represents a t...
Usage (application): Understanding the True Complexity of Organizational Change

Key Success Factors when you're Designing your Change Management Program

In their article "Making Change Happen, and Making...
Usage (application): Best Practices, Change Management, Organizational Change

Innovating Under the Radar

If somewhere below in a large corporation an innov...
Usage (application): Avoiding 5 Obstacles to Major Innovation

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organization’s Capacity for Change

In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit O...
Usage (application): Leading Change

Causes for Resistance Behavior

Identifying the forces against change invol...
Usage (application): Identify Forces Against Change

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

Kotter's Change Phases are a further refinement of...
Usage (application): Change Management

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

If we need to change strategically, we need to thi...
Usage (application): Preparing Strategic Change

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace ...
Usage (application): Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "no...
Usage (application): Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

In management literature the role of the CEO in fo...
Usage (application): Communicating Strategic Change

Resources - Change Phases Premium

Your Organization Needs to Change its Strategy Implementation Method

Dr. John Kotter explains most clearly how the rate...
Usage (application): Strategy Execution, Strategic Change, Change Management, Strategy Implementation

Effective Change Leadership and Management: Principles, Frameworks and Tools

Comprehensive presentation on leadership and manag...
Usage (application): Change Management, Change Leadership

The Nature and Complexity of Organizational Change

Presentation about organizational change. The pres...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change

Change Management or Change Leadership?

This video explores and explains some differences ...
Usage (application): Understanding the Difference Between Change Management and Change Leadership

Managing Organizational Change

This is a presentation about the ways to manage ch...
Usage (application): Change Management, Leading Change, Organizational Development

What is Change Management?

In this video Elissa Farrow from About Your Transi...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of Change Management

22 Best Practices in Change Management

Presentation starts with short introduction of man...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change

Dealing with Roadblocks…

Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing...
Usage (application): Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop

Tips for Successful Change Management

Gavin Wedell explains that to change one's organiz...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of How to Manage Change Successfully

News about Change Phases


News about Change Kotter


Videos about Change Phases


Videos about Change Kotter


Presentations about Change Phases


Presentations about Change Kotter


Books about Change Phases


Books about Change Kotter


More about Change Phases


More about Change Kotter


Compare with the Change Phases:  Six Change Approaches  |  Forget Borrow Learn  |  Organic Organization  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Culture Types  |  Core Group Theory  |  Planned Behavior  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Kaizen  |  Change Management  |  DICE Framework  |  Change Model Beckhard  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Result Oriented Management  |  Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change

Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership  |  Program & Project Management  |  Strategy

More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here

About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2017 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 21-11-2017. All names tm by their owners.