Blue Ocean Strategy[蓝海战略]

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创造没有竞争的市场空间。 W. Chan Kim和Renée Mauborgne的Blue Ocean Strategy[蓝海战略]解析。 (‘04)

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Blue Ocean Strategy[蓝海战略]红色海洋

什么是蓝海战略? 释义

局限在现有行业之内做残酷竞争,从竞争者手中抢夺顾客的战略,被称之为红海战略血腥战略Bloody or Red Ocean Strategy)。与之相对, W. Chan Kim和Renée Mauborgne提出了蓝海战略(Blue Ocean Strategy)的建议, 即开拓没有竞争的市场空间。


根据Kim和Mauborgne发表在《哈佛商业评论》(2004年10月)上的文章,在拥挤的市场上做激烈竞争,无法保证企业高水平的绩效。 真正的机会是: 开拓蓝色海疆,创造没有竞争的市场空间。


竞争优势批判

竞争当然是重要的, 但通过集中于竞争和Competitive Advantage[竞争优势],根据Kim和Mauborgne,学者、公司和顾问忽略了战略的二个非常重要-和更加赚钱-方面:

  • 发现和培育蓝色海洋,
  • 开发和保护蓝色海洋 。

它们与战略家传统的关注事项截然不同。 在蓝色海洋里,需求来自于创造,而不是争夺。 蓝色海洋里有大量的成长机会,有利可图且发展快速。


创造蓝色海洋的两种方法

  1. 打造全新行业,如eBay的网上拍卖。
  2. 拓展行业边界,在红色海洋里创造蓝色海洋。

毫无疑问,Kim和Mauborge应该得到赞誉,他们意识到了过度关注竞争优势所带来的问题,他们发明的这两个比喻也非常美妙。


参考书: W. Chan Kim, Renée Mauborgne - Blue Ocean Strategy [中译本《蓝海策略:开创无人竞争的新市场》,台湾天下远见出版社,2005] -


蓝海战略论坛
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Expert Tips (ENG) - Blue Ocean Strategy 高级帐户
 

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