Just-in-time

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Resumo
Just-in-Time

Que é Just-in-Time? Definição

Just-in-time foi aberto caminho por Taiichi Ohno em Japão nas plantas de conjunto do carro de Toyota no princípio dos anos 70. É uma filosofia da organização da manufatura.  O desperdício das diminuições do JIT fornecendo parte somente quando o processo de conjunto os requer. No coração do JIT encontra-se a kanban, a palavra japonesa para o cartão. Este cartão kanban está emitido ao armazém para pedir uma quantidade padrão das peças concoante que eles foram usados acima no conjunto/processo de manufatura. O JIT requer a precisão, porque as peças direitas devem chegar “just-in-time” na posição direita (estação de trabalho na linha de conjunto). É usado primeiramente para processos de manufatura repetitivos high-volume do fluxo.


História de Just-in-time

Historicamente, a filosofia do JIT levantou-se fora outras de duas coisas:

  1. Desejo de Japão para melhorar sua qualidade da produção. Naquele tempo, as companhias japonesas tiveram uma reputação má até a qualidade da manufatura e a manufatura do carro no detalhe foi concernida.
  2. Kaizen, também um método japonês da melhoria contínua.

O framework Just-in-time considera inventários como uma desculpa pobre para o planeamento mau, o inflexibility, a maquinaria errada, os problemas da qualidade, etc. O objetivo do JIT é apressar-se acima da resposta do cliente ao minimizar inventories ao mesmo tempo. Os inventários ajudam responder rapidamente às demandas de cliente em mudança, mas custam inevitàvel o dinheiro e aumentam o capital de funcionamento needed.


Em James 1990 Womack escreveu um livro chame “a máquina que mudou o mundo”, introduzindo a terminologia “Lean Manufacturing”. Também você pode encontrar a palavra: “Lean Production”. Os princípios atrás destes abordagens não diferem substancialmente das técnicas desenvolvidas por Ohno em Toyota.


Áreas da atenção de Just-in-time

As áreas típicas da atenção de execuções do JIT incluem:

  • Redução do inventário.
  • Lotes da produção e tamanhos de grupo menores.
  • Controle de qualidade.
  • Redução e transparência da complexidade.
  • Estrutura e delegation lisos de organização.
  • Minimization Waste.

Just-in-time prolongado externo

Com a chegada do software do Internet e do Supply Chain Planning, as companhias têm na manufatura Just-in-time estendida ínterim fora das beiras da companhia. Exijindo de seus fornecedores entregar o inventário à fábrica somente quando necessitar para o conjunto, fazendo a manufatura do JIT, requisitando e os processos da entrega mesmo mais speedier, mais flexíveis e mais eficientes. Nesta maneira, Integrated Supply Networks (redes da demanda) ou Electronic Supply Chains estão sendo dados forma.


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Fórum sobre Just-in-time.


Single Minute Exchange of Dies
Dear reader, I am currently working on a Single Minute Exchange of Dies (SMED) project in a beer production facility.
13
 
6 comentários
Combining JIT and Outsourcing
JIT and outsourcing go hand in hand.
On one side it seems contradictory. JIT stands for producing and delivering to (...)
13
 
2 comentários
How to Reduce the Vendor Risks with Just-in-Time ?
When we execute JIT, we normally require our vendor to prepare some stock to deliver fast.
If there are design chan (...)
9
 
1 comentários
Can Just-in-Time Work Without Kanban?
Just-in-Time is a basic philosophy or a paradigm. If you read about it, you still have no idea HOW to do it.

Ka (...)
8
 
Importance of Inventory Velocity
Why is inventory velocity so important in supply chain management? (...)
6
 
2 comentários
Experiences with Including Purchased Parts in Kanban
Taiichi Ohno was plant manager of a Toyota factory when he started experimenting with JIT, Kanban and other Lean tools. (...)
6
 
1 comentários
Sustainable Business Approach after Years of JIT
I had a very interesting conversation with someone who has become recently Chief Sustainability Officer of a top 10 phar (...)
5
 
2 comentários
Just-in-time Needs Flexibility
Of course, Just-in-time needs a flexible manufacturing system.
But actually, this flexibility has several aspects. (...)
5
 
1 comentários
Classification of Lean Tools
Can you briefly explain how to classify lean tools?
I mean: different people seem to classify Lean tools in differe (...)
5
 
1 comentários
Kanban and Procurement Planning
Does the Kanban or the pull system contradict with the procurement planning early in the project life cycle? (...)
5
 
2 comentários
The Impact of JIT on the Organization of Production Planning
JIT will have a strong impact on your organization of production planning.
With JIT, a factory should operate in a (...)
5
 
1 comentários
List of Barriers to Just-in-Time | Barriers to JIT
Though JIT as a theoretical concept seems superb, there are practical barriers in getting this concept to work in realit (...)
4
 
4 comentários
JIT in Variable Marketplaces
In trying to implement a JIT system within my organisation. We are finding difficulties due to the random flows we are s (...)
4
 
5 comentários
Customer Support in Just in Time is Needed
I think for implementing Just-In-Time, the customer must support it with firm and better forecasting, co-operative and c (...)
3
 
1 comentários
Information Velocity
Why is information velocity important in supply chain management? (...)
3
 
2 comentários
Poka Yoke - Explanation
Poka Yoke is a method that shapes the production process the way it gets almost impossible to make mistakes. Employees h (...)
3
 
1 comentários
Disadvantages of JIT
A lean system has no resilience. Integrating JIT as far as possible back up the supply line creates rigid connections b (...)
2
 
14 comentários
JIT is Playground for Big Companies
I think that JIT or zero inventory or any system aiming similar targets needs power to execute. There are three cushions (...)
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4 comentários
Intent of Just in Time
In my view, ultimately the intent of just in time is to minimise cost. Which must be understood very well and planning s (...)
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4 comentários

 

Melhores Práticas

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Definition of Just-in-time
JIT can be considered as:
1. A way of life
2. A philosophy of continuous improvement
3. A way to achieve (...)
20
 
3 comentários

Assumptions of Just-in-time (JIT)
Assumptions for effective JIT:
1. It depends on the type of product a company is manufacturing. JIT works best in f (...)
16
 
6 comentários

The Principles of Lean
Lean works on certain principles:
1. Identify customer specific value (customer requirements);
2. Value stream (...)
11
 
4 comentários

Lean Manufacturing Tools for Beginners
Could somebody tell me what are the most important lean tools and techniques that should be used in a company that are a (...)
8
 
10 comentários

Just-in-time: Problematic or Possible?
Just-in-time (JIT) has always been a troublesome part of the management of any supply chain. However, it is feasible if (...)
7
 
5 comentários

Lean and JIT Manufacturing
Is there any difference between Lean and JIT Production? (...)
6
 
7 comentários

Dicas de Especialistas

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Conhecimentos avançados sobre Just-in-time (Inglês). Aqui você encontrará conselhos profissionais de especialistas.


Main Advantages of JIT?

Benefits of Just-in-time
Among the main causes for the success of Just-in-time are its capabilities to deal with certain major economic trends: (...)

Lean Tools to Attack Waste

Waste Management, Waste Tools Overview
What lean tools you can use for every waste you can find at your company? Before you try to implement these lean tools (...)

7 Things to Avoid in Just-in-Time

Just-in-Time Pitfalls
The seven zeros or seven areas of wastes in JIT / Lean Thinking are: - Zero Defects: To avoid delays due to defects - (...)

Use of Andon as Part of Just-in-time

Signaling Abnormalities
Just-in-time is a pull-system. That means that when the customer places his order, the machine starts rolling. Of cours (...)

The 8 Wastes of Lean Explained

Waste Management
T - Transport - Moving people, products & information I - Inventory - Storing parts, pieces, documentation ahead of req (...)

Standard Work in Just-in-Time

Just-in-Time
A just-in-time organization has to be capable to function 100% reliable when ‘pulled’ by the customer. To achieve this (...)

Operation Management Issues and Focus Areas

Operations Management, JIT, Kaizen
According to Heizer and Render, there are 10 decision areas of Operation Management (each having typical issues): 1. Go (...)

How to Focus your Improvement Efforts?

Achieve More With Less, Kaizen, BPR, JIT, Lean, Value Chain
Very often organizations consider continuous improvement as committing on improvement efforts, and thus creating project (...)

Synonyms of Just-in-time (JIT)

Other Terms that are used to Indicate JIT
Instead of JIT, you may also find the following similar terms: - Continuous Flow Manufacturing (IBM) - Stockless Produ (...)

JIT II

JIT with supplier
The term JIT II has been applied as co-location and is a further step toward reducing unnecessary logistics times and co (...)

Obtaining a High Supplier Quality

Best Practice to Consider
W. Edward Deming, a well-known management consultant, strongly recommended Sole (Single) Sourcing as the only management (...)
Fontes de Informação

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Summary of Lean Manufacturing and Maintenance. History, Tools, PROs and CONs

Operational Excellence, Maximizing Efficiency
Detailed presentation about Lean Production, including the interesting origins of Lean Production in Toyota Motor Compan (...)

The Role of Value Chain Functions, Quality Management and Innovation in Competitive Advantage

Value Chain Management, Quality Management, Innovation, Operational Excellence
This presentation firstly presents the role of functional strategies and the value chain in the achievement of competiti (...)

Financial Consequences from Implementing Lean Manufacturing

JIT, TQM
In the last 30 years, many U.S. firms have adopted lean manufacturing strategies. Despite evidence of substantial variat (...)

Lean Production for a Green Environment

Lean Production, Lean Manufcaturing
Presentation about lean manufacturing and its relation with sustainable business. The presentation includes the followin (...)

Lean Assessment Tool

Lean / Six Sigma Assessment
Spreadsheet calculates current and future Lean and Six Sigma scores based on scoring in 28 criteria. Generates Lean Over (...)

Managing your Inventory: Quick Introduction to Just in Time, Stock Review and ABC Analysis

Basic Understanding of 3Inventory Management Techniques
This video gives a brief introduction to three popular Inventory Management Techniques: 1. JIT (Just in Time): Involve (...)

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Compare com: Kaizen  |  Deming Cycle  |  Scientific Management  |  Six Sigma  |  Value Chain  |  Value Stream Mapping  |  CPFR  |  Bricks and Clicks  |  Delta Model  |  3o Logística do partido (3PL)  |  Tecnologia de RFID


Retorne a o centro de a gerência: Mudança e Organização  |  Cadeia de Fornecimento e Qualidade


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