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Culturele Dimensies
(Hofstede)

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Samenvatting

Volgens Geert Hofstede, is er niet zoiets als een universele managementmethode of managementtheorie, die geldig is voor de gehele wereld. Zelfs het woord Ąmanagementď heeft een verschillende oorsprong en betekenissen over landen in de hele wereld. Management is geen fenomeen dat van andere processen kan worden geÔsoleerd die in de maatschappij plaatsvinden. Het staat in wisselwerking met wat in de familie, op school, in politiek, en overheid gebeurt. Het is ook duidelijk verwant met godsdienst en met zienswijzen over wetenschap.


De Vijf Culturele Dimensies van Hofstede


Culturele Dimensies

Het culturele dimensiesmodel van Geert Hofstede is een raamwerk dat vijf soorten (dimensies) van verschillen/waardeperspectieven tussen nationale culturen beschrijft:

  • De afstand van de macht. De graad van ongelijkheid onder mensen die door de bevolking van een land als normaal wordt beschouwt.

  • Individualisme tegenover collectivisme. De mate waarin mensen voelen dat zij verondersteld worden om te zorgen voor, of zelf te worden verzorgd door, hun families of organisaties waartoe zij behoren.

  • Masculinity tegenover vrouwelijkheid. De mate waarin een cultuur bevorderlijk is voor overheersing, assertiviteit en het verwerven van dingen. Tegenover een cultuur welke bevorderlijker is voor mensen, gevoelens en kwaliteit van leven.

  • Het vermijden van de onzekerheid. De graad waaraan de mensen in een land gestructureerd over ongestructureerde situaties verkiezen.

  • Lange termijn tegenover korte termijn oriŽntatie. Lange termijn: waarden die georiŽnteerd zijn naar de toekomst, zoals sparen en persistentie. Korte termijn: waarden die naar het verleden en het heden zijn georiŽnteerd, zoals eerbied voor traditie en voor het vervullen van sociale verplichtingen.

Om management in een land te begrijpen, zou men zowel kennis van als empathie met de volledige lokale scŤne moeten hebben. Maar toch zouden de scores van het unieke statistische onderzoek dat Hofstede uitvoerde iedereen bewust moeten maken van het feit dat mensen in andere landen zeer verschillend kunnen denken, voelen, en handelen als uzelf, zelfs al wanneer zij geconfronteerd worden met basis problemen van de maatschappij. Om het even welke persoon die te maken heeft met Management of Strategie doet er goed aan om de lessen van de Culturele Dimensies Theorie van Hofstede constant in gedachten te houden. Mensen hebben nu eenmaal een bedriegende tendens om vanuit hun eigen ervaringen te denken en te voelen en te handelen, vooral wanneer zij internationaal werken.

Boek: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values

Boek: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind


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Culturele Dimensies (Cross-cultureel Management) Special Interest Group.


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Forum

Forumdiscussies over Culturele Dimensies (Cross-cultureel Management). Hieronder kunt u een vraag stellen over dit onderwerp, uw ervaringen delen, een nieuwe ontwikkeling melden, of iets toelichten.


🔥 Betekenis van Hofstedes Culturele Dimensies
Het gaat Hofstede niet om bepaalde landen, maar om hoe cultuur zich op collectief niveau uit. Per groepering kunnen cultuuruitingen zich anders manifesteren. Zo zijn mensen in Azie over het algemeen (...
Rating2
 
Reacties5 reacties
onderwerp Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture
Asiaís rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese economy, the second largest in the world, is currently attracting more direct inve...
Rating16
 
Reacties33 reacties
onderwerp Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turnerís Seven Cultural Dimensions....
Rating13
 
onderwerp From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniformity in the treatment of all people, by suppressing any individual cultural chara...
Rating10
 
Reacties24 reacties
onderwerp Cross Cultural Communication
For my research in intercultural communication inside organizations, I am looking for cultural differences between western (better Italian) and eastern Europe, in particularly in Poland, Serbia and Cr...
Rating9
 
Reacties1 reacties
onderwerp The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance
I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance. Colleagues, can you help me out to appreciate what cultural traits (religion, formal and informal socialisation practi...
Rating9
 
Reacties2 reacties
onderwerp Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries
A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. It provides for a thorough insight into cultures and behaviour trends which may b...
Rating8
 
Reacties2 reacties
onderwerp Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences
I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of the chain. Any ideas or recommended materials?...
Rating6
 
Reacties1 reacties
onderwerp Sharing Knowledge in Multicultural Teams
Sharing knowledge (tacit and learned) between human beings from any part of the world with a simple and sincere converstation can eliminate differences on ways of thinking. Because a total agreement c...
Rating5
 
Reacties1 reacties
onderwerp Multiculturals in Multicultural Teams
People are always saying diversity matters. As a powerful tool for creative work, culturally diverse groups are becoming increasingly common. However, simply assembling a multicultural team doesn't al...
Rating5
 
Reacties3 reacties
onderwerp Importance of Respect in Various Cultures
I believe RESPECT for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have proven themselves unworthy of respect. Some cultures retain greater respect for ad...
Rating5
 
onderwerp In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede
Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with little modifications. The five dimensions are: 1. Small vs Big Power Distance: y...
Rating5
 
Reacties1 reacties
onderwerp Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
Model of National Culture Differences. Fons Trompenaars is a Dutch author and consultant in the field of cross-cultural communication. His books include: Riding the Waves of Culture, Seven Cultures o...
Rating5
 
onderwerp Croatia Cultural Analysis
Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks...
Rating4
 
onderwerp The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?
Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing shareholders' value, which can be very shortsighted as far as culture, not finance...
Rating3
 
Reacties1 reacties
onderwerp Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles
Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined by which type of society in which we function; feminine or masculine. I may be w...
Rating1
 
Reacties2 reacties

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Best Practices

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🥇 (Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory
What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied?...
Rating30
 
Reacties5 reacties

🥈 Critique of Hofstede
Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and/or authors?...
Rating25
 
Reacties4 reacties

🥉 I Need Another Model!!!
Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare to... Please help me!...
Rating17
 
Reacties6 reacties

onderwerp Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in relation to Hofstede's five dimensions of culture? Thanks...
Rating16
 
Reacties4 reacties

onderwerp Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned....
Rating14
 
Reacties8 reacties

onderwerp Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company? What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a company currently works, the company culture. I might add some other things to the ...
Rating7
 
Reacties4 reacties

Expert Tips

Geavanceerde inzichten over Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management) (Engels). Hier vindt u professionele adviezen van deskundigen.


Subject

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

Multicultural Teams
Brett, Behfar and Kern describe 4 common problem areas in managing multicultural teams: 1. Direct vs indirect communica...
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Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

Cultural Dimensions, A Practical Example
Geert Hofstedeís research on cultural dimensions provides insights into other cultures so that we can be more effective ...
Subject

Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

Understanding differences
Internationally recognized accounting standards, e.g. US-GAAP and IAS/IFRS, have not been adopted worldwide due primaril...
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Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

Organizational Culture, Hofstede at Organization Level, Hofstede at Individual Level
Hofstedeís Cultural Dimensions are often used to compare nations and cultures, but his dimensions are also used for orga...
Subject

Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

Analysing Cultural Differences
There actually is already a 6th dimension identified by research and included in the most recent edition of "Culture and...
Subject

Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

Understanding International Differences
It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an ar...
Subject

Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

Branding, Brand Management, Power Distance, Brand Recognition
Status brands are brands that can inherently raise the social prestige of its owners within a certain community or socie...
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Koreans vs Germans

Differences in Business Communication
In a recent interview on Business Spotlight 3/08, Mrs. Mee-Rae Kim, a leading expert in German-Korean intercultural busi...
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Tips by Hofstede About Cultural Differences and Cultural Dimensions

Intercultural Problems, Intercultural Issues
Professor Hofstede adviced that we have to educate our children in such a way that they understand that people from othe...
Informatiebronnen

Diverse informatiebronnen betreffende Culturele Dimensies (Cross-cultureel Management). Hier vindt u powerpoints, video's, nieuws etc. om te gebruiken in uw eigen lezingen en workshops.


Artikel

East vs West

Humorous Comparison
16 Asian and Western behaviors and concepts compared via funny pictures....
Artikel

Influence of Cultural Dimensions on Consumers > CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility
Paper by Geoffrey Williams and John Zinkin explores the relationship between attitudes to corporate social responsibilit...
Presentatie

Management Across Cultures: Managing in a Global Context

Cross-Cultural Management, Cultural Dimensions, Cultural Intelligence, Multicultural Teams, Global Leadership, Global HR
This presentation consist of six sections that together form an extensive description of management across cultures. The...
Presentatie

Hofstede's and Trompenaars' Cultural Dimensions

Cultural Dimensions, Cultural Differences
An explanation of: - The Nature of Culture - Cultural Values and Folkways - Sub-cultures and Change - How Cultures V...
Presentatie

Doing Business Globally and Respecting Cultural Diversity

Globalization, Global Business
Presentation about doing business in a global world and highlights the importance of cultural diversity and global etiqu...
Video

5 Strategies to Manage Cultural Differences

Cultural Differences, Cultural Intelligence, Cross-Cultural Teams, Company Culture, Hofstede
Cultural differences can be an asset rather than a liability to a team if carefully managed and other people are approac...
Presentatie

Your Organization in a Globalized World

Organizational Behavior, International, Hofstede, Organizational Culture, Globalization, Cultural Intelligence
Presentation about organizational behavior in an age of globalization. The presentation includes the following sections:...
Artikel

Cultural Differences

Decision-making, Bias
Paper by Justin D. Levinson and Kaiping Peng. Behavioral economic research has tended to ignore the role of cultural dif...
Presentatie

Communication and Negotiation in a Cross-cultural Context

Cross-Cultural Communication, Cross-Cultural Negotiation
Presentation about Communications and Negotiations Across Different Cultures. The presentation includes the following se...
Artikel

Intercultural Research

Cultural Dimensions
This paper by Stephan Dahl gives a short overview of the main concepts and theories in intercultural and cross-cultural ...
Artikel

Bradford Brochure

Cultural Dimensions for MBAs
Entertaining brochure aimed at prospective Bradford University School of Management students deals with cultural differe...
Artikel

Cultural Differences

Crisis Negotiations
Cross-cultural and intercultural research has shown that individuals from unlike cultures negotiate differently. Paper b...
Presentatie

Cultural Influences on Negotiation

Negotiations
By Asad Khan...
Presentatie

Presentation Hofstede

Explanation Dimensions
Presentation lecture by M.W. Visscher from The Hanze Hogeschool Groningen shows the dimensions of Hofstede. Contains que...
Video

Leading a 21st Century Global Organization

Global Leadership, Globalization, Multinational Corporations, MNCs
William Fung Group, Managing Director of Li & Fung Ltd, recommends to be successful in a global business leaders have to...
Video

Corporate Diversity and Inclusion

Cross Functional Team, Organizational Culture, Globalization, Organizational Change, HRM, Cultural Dimensions
In this introduction video, top managers of Skanska share their vision on Diversity and Inclusion and the strategic impo...
Video

How to Build a Global Organizational Capability?

MNCs, Multinationals, Multinational Companies, Globalization, International Leadership Development, Cultural Intelligenc
A. How to build a global leadership group in which people can cope with the complexity of working globally? 1. Re...
Video

What is Corporate Culture? 4 CEOs Share their Views

Corporate Culture, Organization Culture, Organizational Culture, Starter for Training / Workshop
Arkadi Kuhlman (ING), Tony Hsieh (Zappos), Bernie Marcus (Home Depot), Shelly Lazarus (Ogilvy & Maher) share their views...
Presentatie

Going Abroad / Cultural Intelligence Workshop

Cultural Intelligence, Intercultural Engagement, Cultural Adaptation
This presentation provides you with information about traveling the globe and cultural intelligence, with the main goal ...
Artikel

Model of Freedom

Multinational Teams Challenges
The Model of Freedom (MoF) is a pragmatic tool that delivers insights in the culturally preferred ways of people working...
Artikel

Culture, Cultural Competence, Cultural Intelligence and the CQ

Cultural Intelligence
This presentation is a good introduction to culture and contains three large sections: Culture, Cultural Competenence an...
Presentatie

Cross-cultural Marketing on the Internet

Marketing, International Business
Presentation about Cross-cultural Marketing by Rafael Capurro. The main focus is on website marketing. Hofstedeís cultur...
Presentatie

Cultural Dimensions Diagram

Dealing with Cultural Dimensions
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in ...

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Vergelijk met: Culturele Intelligentie  |† Cultuurtypes  |† Bodem van de Piramide  |† Pyramide van Maslow  |† Coachen  |† Leiderschapspijplijn  |† Mentoren |† Motivatie-HygiŽne Theorie  |† ERG Theorie  |† Spiral Dynamics  |† Ashridge Missiemodel  |† Theorie X Theorie Y


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