Cultural Dimensions
(Hofstede)

Knowledge Center



Summary, forum, best practices, expert tips and information sources.


Summary

Cultural DimensionsAccording to Geert Hofstede, there is no such thing as a universal management method or management theory, valid across the whole world. Even the word 'management' has different origins and meanings in countries throughout the world. Management is not a phenomenon that can be isolated from other processes taking place in society. It interacts with what happens in the family, at school, in politics, and government. It is obviously also related to religion and to beliefs about science.


The five Cultural Dimensions of Hofstede

The cultural dimensions model of Geert Hofstede is a framework that describes five sorts (dimensions) of differences / value perspectives between national cultures:

  • Power distance. The degree of inequality among people which the population of a country considers as normal.

  • Individualism versus collectivism. The extent to which people feel they are supposed to take care for, or to be cared for by themselves, their families or organizations they belong to.

  • Masculinity versus femininity. The extent to which a culture is conducive to dominance, assertiveness and acquisition of things. Versus a culture which is more conducive to people, feelings and the quality of life.

  • Uncertainty avoidance. The degree to which people in a country prefer structured over unstructured situations.

  • Long-term versus short-term orientation. Long-term: values oriented towards the future, like saving and persistence. Short-term: values oriented towards the past and present, like respect for tradition and fulfilling social obligations.

To understand management in a country, one should have both knowledge and empathy with the entire local scene. However, the scores of the unique statistical survey that Hofstede carried out should make everybody aware that people in other countries may think, feel, and act very differently from yourself, even when confronted with basic problems of society. Any person dealing with Management or Strategy is well advised to constantly remember the lessons from Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory. Human beings have a deceiving tendency to think and feel and act from their own experiences, especially when they work internationally.

 

Book: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences : International Differences in Work-Related Values -

Book: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -


Special Interest Group

Join

Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management) Special Interest Group.



Special Interest Group (468 members)

Forum

New Topic

Forum about Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management).


Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture
Asia’s rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese ec (...)
13
 
33 reactions
Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner’s Seven Cultural Di (...)
11
 
0 reactions
From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniform (...)
10
 
24 reactions
Cross Cultural Communication
For my research in intercultural communication inside organizations, I am looking for cultural differences between weste (...)
9
 
1 reactions
The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance
I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance. Colleagues, can you help me out to app (...)
9
 
2 reactions
Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries
A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. I (...)
8
 
2 reactions
Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences
I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of (...)
6
 
1 reactions
Importance of Respect in Various Cultures
I believe RESPECT for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have pro (...)
5
 
0 reactions
Sharing Knowledge in Multicultural Teams
Sharing knowledge (tacit and learned) between human beings from any part of the world with a simple and sincere converst (...)
5
 
1 reactions
🔥 NEW Multiculturals in Multicultural Teams
People are always saying diversity matters. As a powerful tool for creative work, culturally diverse groups are becoming (...)
5
 
3 reactions
In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede
Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with l (...)
5
 
1 reactions
Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
Model of National Culture Differences. Fons Trompenaars is a Dutch author and consultant in the field of cross-cultural (...)
4
 
0 reactions
Croatia Cultural Analysis
Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks (...)
4
 
0 reactions
The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?
Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing sh (...)
3
 
1 reactions
Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles
Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined b (...)
1
 
2 reactions
Best Practices

Sign up

The top-rated topics about Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management). Here you will find the most valuable ideas and practical suggestions.


(Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory
What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied? (...)
30
 
5 reactions

Critique of Hofstede
Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and (...)
25
 
4 reactions

I Need Another Model!!!
Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare (...)
17
 
6 reactions

Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in rel (...)
16
 
4 reactions

Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned. (...)
14
 
8 reactions

Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company? What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a com (...)
7
 
4 reactions

Expert Tips

Sign up

Advanced insights about Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management). Here you will find professional advices by experts.


Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

Multicultural Teams
Brett, Behfar and Kern describe 4 common problem areas in managing multicultural teams: 1. Direct vs indirect communica (...)

Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

Cultural Dimensions, A Practical Example
Geert Hofstede’s research on cultural dimensions provides insights into other cultures so that we can be more effective (...)

Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

Understanding differences
Internationally recognized accounting standards, e.g. US-GAAP and IAS/IFRS, have not been adopted worldwide due primaril (...)

Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

Organizational Culture, Hofstede at Organization Level, Hofstede at Individual Level
Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions are often used to compare nations and cultures, but his dimensions are also used for orga (...)

Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

Analysing Cultural Differences
There actually is already a 6th dimension identified by research and included in the most recent edition of "Culture and (...)

Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

Understanding International Differences
It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an ar (...)

Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

Branding, Brand Management, Power Distance, Brand Recognition
Status brands are brands that can inherently raise the social prestige of its owners within a certain community or socie (...)

Koreans vs Germans

Differences in Business Communication
In a recent interview on Business Spotlight 3/08, Mrs. Mee-Rae Kim, a leading expert in German-Korean intercultural busi (...)

Tips by Hofstede About Cultural Differences and Cultural Dimensions

Intercultural Problems, Intercultural Issues
Professor Hofstede adviced that we have to educate our children in such a way that they understand that people from othe (...)
Information Sources

Sign up

Various sources of information regarding Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management). Here you will find powerpoints, videos, news, etc. to use in your own lectures and workshops.


East vs West

Humorous Comparison
16 Asian and Western behaviors and concepts compared via funny pictures. (...)

Influence of Cultural Dimensions on Consumers > CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility
Paper by Geoffrey Williams and John Zinkin explores the relationship between attitudes to corporate social responsibilit (...)

Management Across Cultures: Managing in a Global Context

Cross-Cultural Management, Cultural Dimensions, Cultural Intelligence, Multicultural Teams, Global Leadership, Global HR
This presentation consist of six sections that together form an extensive description of management across cultures. The (...)

Hofstede's and Trompenaars' Cultural Dimensions

Cultural Dimensions, Cultural Differences
An explanation of: - The Nature of Culture - Cultural Values and Folkways - Sub-cultures and Change - How Cultures V (...)

Doing Business Globally and Respecting Cultural Diversity

Globalization, Global Business
Presentation about doing business in a global world and highlights the importance of cultural diversity and global etiqu (...)

5 Strategies to Manage Cultural Differences

Cultural Differences, Cultural Intelligence, Cross-Cultural Teams, Company Culture, Hofstede
Cultural differences can be an asset rather than a liability to a team if carefully managed and other people are approac (...)

Your Organization in a Globalized World

Organizational Behavior, International, Hofstede, Organizational Culture, Globalization, Cultural Intelligence
Presentation about organizational behavior in an age of globalization. The presentation includes the following sections: (...)

Cultural Differences

Decision-making, Bias
Paper by Justin D. Levinson and Kaiping Peng. Behavioral economic research has tended to ignore the role of cultural dif (...)

Communication and Negotiation in a Cross-cultural Context

Cross-Cultural Communication, Cross-Cultural Negotiation
Presentation about Communications and Negotiations Across Different Cultures. The presentation includes the following se (...)

Intercultural Research

Cultural Dimensions
This paper by Stephan Dahl gives a short overview of the main concepts and theories in intercultural and cross-cultural (...)

Bradford Brochure

Cultural Dimensions for MBAs
Entertaining brochure aimed at prospective Bradford University School of Management students deals with cultural differe (...)

Cultural Differences

Crisis Negotiations
Cross-cultural and intercultural research has shown that individuals from unlike cultures negotiate differently. Paper b (...)

Cultural Influences on Negotiation

Negotiations
By Asad Khan (...)

Presentation Hofstede

Explanation Dimensions
Presentation lecture by M.W. Visscher from The Hanze Hogeschool Groningen shows the dimensions of Hofstede. Contains que (...)

Leading a 21st Century Global Organization

Global Leadership, Globalization, Multinational Corporations, MNCs
William Fung Group, Managing Director of Li & Fung Ltd, recommends to be successful in a global business leaders have to (...)

Corporate Diversity and Inclusion

Cross Functional Team, Organizational Culture, Globalization, Organizational Change, HRM, Cultural Dimensions
In this introduction video, top managers of Skanska share their vision on Diversity and Inclusion and the strategic impo (...)

How to Build a Global Organizational Capability?

MNCs, Multinationals, Multinational Companies, Globalization, International Leadership Development, Cultural Intelligenc
A. How to build a global leadership group in which people can cope with the complexity of working globally? 1. Re (...)

What is Corporate Culture? 4 CEOs Share their Views

Corporate Culture, Organization Culture, Organizational Culture, Starter for Training / Workshop
Arkadi Kuhlman (ING), Tony Hsieh (Zappos), Bernie Marcus (Home Depot), Shelly Lazarus (Ogilvy & Maher) share their views (...)

Going Abroad / Cultural Intelligence Workshop

Cultural Intelligence, Intercultural Engagement, Cultural Adaptation
This presentation provides you with information about traveling the globe and cultural intelligence, with the main goal (...)

Model of Freedom

Multinational Teams Challenges
The Model of Freedom (MoF) is a pragmatic tool that delivers insights in the culturally preferred ways of people working (...)

Culture, Cultural Competence, Cultural Intelligence and the CQ

Cultural Intelligence
This presentation is a good introduction to culture and contains three large sections: Culture, Cultural Competenence an (...)

Cross-cultural Marketing on the Internet

Marketing, International Business
Presentation about Cross-cultural Marketing by Rafael Capurro. The main focus is on website marketing. Hofstede’s cultur (...)

Cultural Dimensions Diagram

Dealing with Cultural Dimensions
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in (...)
NewsVideosPresentationsBooksMore

Compare with: Cultural Intelligence  |  Culture Types  |  Bottom of the Pyramid  |  Maslow Hierarchy of Needs  |  Coaching  |  Leadership Pipeline  |  Mentoring  |  Herzberg Two Factor Theory  |  ERG Theory  |  Spiral Dynamics  |  Ashridge Mission Model  |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Diversity Management


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Decision-making & Valuation  |  Ethics & Responsibility  |  Human Resources  |   Leadership  |  Marketing  |  Program & Project Management  |  Strategy


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group

Are you interested in Cultural Dimensions (Cross Cultural Management)? Sign up for free

Notify your students

Copy this into your study materials:

and add a hyperlink to:

Link to this knowledge center

Copy this HTML code to your web site:

 


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
© 2021 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.7 - Last updated: 26-1-2021. All names ™ of their owners.