POSDCORB | Functions of Management (Gulick)

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Luther Gulick 1892-1992, author of the POSDCORB conceptWhat is POSDCORB? Description

In 1937, social scientists Luther Gulick and L. Urwick (Papers on the Science of Administration) describe seven "major activities and duties of any chief executive". Since then, the acronym POSDCORB is used to describe the 7 functions of managers:

  • Planning. Working out in broad outline the things that need to be done and the methods for doing them to accomplish the purpose which is set for the enterprise.
  • Organizing. The establishment of the formal structure of authority through which work subdivisions are arranged, defined and coordinated for the defined objective of the organization. Compare: Organization Chart.
  • Staffing. The whole personnel function of bringing in and training the staff and maintaining favorable conditions of work. Both qualitative and quantitative.
  • Directing. The continuous task of making decisions and embodying them in specific and general orders and instructions and serving as the leader of the enterprise.
  • Coordinating. Interrelating the various entities and processes of the work.
  • Reporting. Keeping those to whom the executive is responsible as well as subordinates informed through records, research and inspections.
  • Budgeting. Fiscal planning, accounting and control.

Origin of POSDCORB. History

Gulick and Urwick built their ideas on the earlier 14 Principles of Management by Fayol. Note that in 1937, the prevalent thinking was the separation of politics and administration. Gulick advocated that it was impossible to separate the two.

Usage of POSDCORB. Applications

  • Good starting point to analyze management functions and activities in a structural way.

Strengths of POSDCORB. Benefits

  • Helps to structure and analyze management activities.

Limitations of POSDCORB. Disadvantages

  • Mark Moore (1995, Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government) believes that POSDCORB is too inward looking. In his view, the single most important job of a manager is Understanding and shaping the environment of the organization, primarily, but not solely, by means of the services it delivers to its customers and clients.
  • According to Dr. Lewis Meriam, the most important thing has been omitted in the fascinating word POSDCORB: Knowledge of a subject matter. After all, you have to plan something, you have to organize something, you have to direct something... Compare: Training Within Industry
  • Does not pay any attention to what managers should Achieve.

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Does Directing include Leadership?
I am not sure how much weight the word Directing carries as compared to leading in the 7 management functions of Gulick. A good manager has to be a good leader too and can then achieve a lot....
Mintzberg Critique on POSDCORB
Just like Gulick, Mintzberg also studied the description of managerial functions and asked himself what managers really do. In his analysis, he critically reviewed the description of managerial functi...
Changes in Management Functions in Modern Time
How are the changes that are occurring in the business environment are affecting the management function(s)?...
About Organizing as a Management Function
Organizing is the framework of dividing, grouping and/or coordinating job tasks.
The primary aim of organizing is to
Divide jobs into departments Coordinate them Cluster the jobs into...
🔥 NEW How Managers can Boost Productivity
In my view, managers can boost productivity by...
- Hiring the right employees.
- Making the best work (project) assignments.
- Rewarding performance in the right way.
- Promoting ...
Add 8th Function of a Manager to POSDCORB: Communication
Apart from Gulick's 7 managerial activities or functions, another important role is: communication with passion or inner belief.
Planning, directing, reporting all needs communication & percolati...
Planning as Quintessence
I am preparing for the sgt's test and dont understand one question on my pretest. The question or fill in as follows:
PLANING: The ___________ of administration?
Then the fill in is "quinte...
POSDCORB Assessment on School Management
Im looking for a ready made questionnaire on assessing school management involving planning, organizing, staffing, directing, controlling and budgeting. Please help me. In presently working on a resea...
The History of POSDCORB
POSDCORB is an acronym widely used in the field of management and public administration that reflects the classic view of administrative management. Largely drawn from the french industrialist Henry F...
About Budgeting in POSDCORB
Why is BUDGETING put at the end?
When it is the basis for management......

Best Practices

The best, top-rated topics about the Functions of Management (POSDCORB). Here you will find the most valuable ideas and practical suggestions.

10 Managerial Roles by Mintzberg
Another major concept in this area is by Henry Mintzberg. In 'The Nature of Managerial Work' (1973), he identified 10 managerial roles in 3 groups:
- Informational (Monitor, Disseminator, Spoke...

POSDCORB: The B of Budgeting is Important
I have to agree about the budgeting being at the end. Without the money you're not doing anything....

Expert Tips

Advanced insights about the Functions of Management (POSDCORB). Here you will find professional advices by experts.

Why and How the Functions of Managers Have Changed

Modern Management, Management Functions, Management Roles
Traditionally, the task of managers would be described or summarized as "getting the work done by others". Nowadays, the...

Mintzberg: 7 Myths on Management

Management Development, Leadership Development, Managers versus Leaders, MBA
Prof. Henry Mintzberg refutes 7 myths on leadership and management: ORCHESTRA CONDUCTOR: One myth about management is t...

Fayol's 16 Management Duties of the Organisation

Management Science
1. To aim at giving serious thoughts to activity plans and having them firmly executed. 2. To aim at having employed pe...

Fayol's 7 Qualities of Managers

Management Science
The 7 qualities Fayol expected from managers were: 1. Health and vigour 2. Cleverness 3. Moral qualities 4. General ...

Fayol's 5 Elements of Administration

Management Science
Fayol wrote any organisation can be subdivided into 6 types of Operations. The sixth one has 5 elements: 6. Administrat...
Information Sources

Various sources of information regarding the Functions of Management (POSDCORB). Here you will find powerpoints, videos, news, etc. to use in your own lectures and workshops.

Mintzberg's Managerial Roles, Ten Roles of Managers, 10 Management Roles

Management, Leadership, Reflection on What Management Fundamentally is, Workshops, Trainings
This superb presentation outlines the roles and tasks that managers perform. The presentation includes views of importan...

Scientific Management: Definitions, Theorists and Main Contributions

Scientific Management, Taylor, Gannt, Gilbreth, Gulick, Weber, Fayol
Presentation about Scientific Management that includes a description of the main theorists their contributions to the th...

Controlling as a Management Function

Controlling, Management Control
Presentation about controlling as a management activity includes the following sections: 1. Why Management Controlling?...

Leading versus Managing

Understanding the differences between Leading and managing
Dr. John Kotter gives his opinion on what are the key differences between leading and managing. - Management is a set o...

Young Steve Jobs on the Role of Managers

Management, Leadership, Talent Management, Talent Acquisition, Talent Development
This video is a nice start for any management course. Jobs shares some ideas on managers (in a high-tech environment) an...

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Compare with POSDCORB: General Management  |  14 Principles of Management (Fayol)  |  Fourteen Points of Management (Deming)  |  Training Within Industry  |  Eight Attributes of Management Excellence  |  Organization Chart

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