Leadership Styles

Knowledge Center


Creating resonance as a Visionary, Coaching, Affiliative, Democratic, Pacesetting or Commanding Leader. Explanation of Leadership Styles of Daniel Goleman.



In his book Primal Leadership (2002, with Richard Boyatzis and Annie McKee), Goleman introduces six leadership styles. To properly understand the six leadership styles, you should first understand his human communication / interaction concept of resonance.

Leaders create resonance

In the view of Goleman, good leaders are effective because they create resonance.

Resonance comes from the Latin word resonare. Again creating sound. Effective leaders are attuned to other people's feelings and move them in a positive emotional direction. They speak authentically about their own values, direction and priorities and resonate with the emotions of surrounding people. Under the guidance of an effective leader, people feel a mutual comfort level. Resonance comes naturally to people with a high degree of emotional intelligence (self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management) but involves also intellectual aspects.

Creation of resonance can be done in six ways, leading to Six Leadership Styles. Typically, the most effective leaders can act according to and they can even skillfully switch between the various styles, depending on the situation.


Visionary Leadership

Coaching Style

Affiliative Leadership

Democratic Leadership

Pacesetting Leadership

Commanding Leadership

Leader characteristics

Inspires. Believes in own vision. Empathetic. Explains how and why people's efforts contribute to the 'dream'. Listens. Helps people identifying their own strengths and weaknesses. Counselor. Encourages. Delegates. Promotes harmony. Friendly. Empathetic. He boosts moral. Solves conflicts. Superb listener. Team worker. Collaborator. Influencer. Strong urge to achieve. High own standards. Initiative. Low on empathy and collaboration. Impatience. Micromanaging. Numbers-driven. Commanding. "Do it because I say so". Threatening. Tight control. Monitoring studiously. Creating dissonance. Contaminates everyone's mood. Drives away talent.

How style builds resonance

He moves people towards shared dreams. Connects what a person wants; with the organization's goals. Creates harmony by connecting people to each other. Appreciates people's input and gets commitment through participation. Realizes challenging and exciting goals. He decreases fear by giving clear direction in an emergency.

The impact of the style on the (business) climate

+ + + + + + + Often  ―  ―  when used too exclusively or poorly Often  ―  ―

When style is appropriate

When changes require a new vision. Or when a clear direction is needed. Radical change. To help competent, motivated employees to improve performance by building long-term capabilities. To heal rifts in a team. To motivate during stressful times. Or to  strengthen connections. To build support or consensus. Or to get valuable input from employees. To get high-quality results from a motivated and competent team. Sales. In a grave crisis. Or with problem employees. To start an urgent organizational turnaround. Traditional military.

Book: Daniel Goleman, Richard Boyatzis, Annie McKee - Primal Leadership -

Leadership Styles Forum
  Effective Leadership: Switching Between Dominance and Prestige
The leadership styles Dominance and Prestige are f...
  Pitfalls and Drawbacks of Authentic Leadership
Although authenticity has become a popular and acc...
  How to Assess Your Own Leadership Style?
Did Goleman, Boyatzis and McKee provide a test to ...
  Bad Leadership in Organizations
I would appreciate any inputs on the questions: Do...
  Leadership by Connecting using Individual Psychology
Effective leaders understand the psyche of their t...
  3 Kinds of Leaders: Builders, Maintainers and Destroyers
There are three kind of 'leaders', namely builders...
  Current Leadership Styles
In this era we do not need either pacesetting or c...
  Leadership Styles are Labels
I think most of the leadership styles we heard and...
  Oligarchical Leadership Styles
What kind of leadership is in effect in a oligarch...
  People Ignore Inefficient & Ineffective Leaders
Leadership styles has always been a complex affair...
  Resonating Leadership Character and Persona
Army General Douglas McArthur is an example of lea...
  Dominant Leadership Styles
We all have some dominant leadership style based u...
  Situational Leadership Styles
Situational styles are adequate variations of lead...
  Mostly Used Leadership Style in Developed Countries
This topic is really very important for executives...
  Democratic Leadership
Democratic or participative management style somet...
  Leadership Styles and Motivation
How do leadership styles actually relate to motiva...
  General Allenby (Field Marshal Viscount Allenby)
Does anyone know what sort of leadership style ...
  Goleman's Use of the Word 'he'
Is Goleman referring to both 'females' and 'males'...

Leadership Styles Special Interest Group

Special Interest Group

Leadership Styles Education & Events

Find Trainings, Seminars and Events

Best Practices - Leadership Styles Premium
  Authentic Leadership
I can't wait for great authentic leadership to eme...
  Why is Commanding Leadership Style Still Abundant?
The commanding leadership style demotivates worker...
  Utilising and Altering / Varying Leadership Styles
After reading briefly on leadership styles it had ...
  Adapt the Suitable Leadership Style
Humans are one thing in this world that can't be e...
  The Best Leadership Style
The democratic or cooperative style is the ...
  Leadership Style: born or made
Are you born with a particular leadership style, o...

Expert Tips - Leadership Styles Premium

Factors Affecting the Required Leadership StyleSign up

Goleman provides a good framework to understand an...
Usage (application): Choosing an Appropriate Leadership Style

Categeories of CEO'sSign up

In their book "The Secrets of CEOs", Steve Tappin ...
Usage (application): Leadership Styles, CEO Types

Leadership Self-AssessementSign up

Before you seek training in leadership, you should...
Usage (application): Leadership Training, Leadership Development, Coaching, Mentoring

Write a Personal Mission StatementSign up

Covey wrote this pearl of wisdom in his book Usage (application): Establish focus on who you want to be in your life...

Five Leadership Development IdeasSign up

Although years of research and analysis by biograp...
Usage (application): Leadership Development, Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring

Identify and Develop Leadership AbilitiesSign up

Four Rules of Leadership...  

What is Your Leadership Point of View?Sign up

In my experience very few leaders are able to defi...
Usage (application): Reflection on your Leadership Style

Leadership Best PracticesSign up

- The best leaders always know how to involve o...
Usage (application): Leadership Development, Leadership Tips

LEADER: Best Practices for Effective Leadership BehaviorSign up

Following six short behavioral tips can help you t...
Usage (application): Leadership Behavior, Leadership Effectiveness, Leadership Style

How to Develop your Own Leadership PhilosophySign up

In an article “When should a leader be directive o...
Usage (application): Leadership/Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring

For Resonance, One Must Differentiate Between Various Discrete Forms of Positive EmotionsSign up

Effective leadership involves moving peoples' feel...
Usage (application): Leadership Skills, Management Skills, Emotional Intelligence

Reasons and Remedies to Dissonance in LeadersSign up

In today’s constantly changing, challenging and de...
Usage (application): Primal Leadership, Emotional Intelligence, Stress, Cognitive Dissonance, Resonance

The Relationship between the Power of Leaders and OverconfidenceSign up

Fast et al. (2012) researched the relationship bet...
Usage (application): Leadership, Power, Leadership Development, Executive Education

Emotional Style and Leadership PerformanceSign up

Goleman made another contribution to the study of ...
Usage (application): Leadership Coaching, Understanding the Mechanisms behind Leadership

Freud ‘s Personality TypesSign up

Freud recognized that there are an almost infinite...
Usage (application): Personality Types, Leadership Development, Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring

Resources - Leadership Styles Premium

What Does it Take to Be a Great Leader?Sign up

The interesting forum discussion on "

Sex Differences in Mgt StyleSign up

This paper by Eduardo Melero tests the extent to...
Usage (application): Managerial style

Leadership Classification: Perspectives, Styles and FormsSign up

This presentation presents an extensive outlines o...
Usage (application): Leadership Styles, Leadership Types, Leadership Classification, Leadership Forms, Leadership Overview

CEO's influence on PerformanceSign up

The extent to which CEOs influence firm performanc...
Usage (application): CEO, Firm performance

Two Recent Trends in LeadershipSign up

Business thought leader John Spence presents 2 imp...
Usage (application): Leadership Development, Leadership Styles, Coaching, Mentoring, Servant Leadership, Vision, Business Model Innovation

Authentic Leadership: Your Own Style?Sign up

This presentation focuses specifically on authenti...
Usage (application): Authentic Leadership

The Fatal Coaching Mistake by ManagersSign up

Managers and executives often don't realize how mu...
Usage (application): Coaching, Mentoring, Management, Leadership

Authentic LeadershipSign up

Presentation about authentic leadership, including...
Usage (application): Leadership, Management, Leadership Styles

Leadership in CrisisSign up

This article proposes that there is, in fact, a di...
Usage (application): Organizational Crises

Ineffective Leadership and Unethical LeadershipSign up

Presentation about Bad or Unethical Leadership tha...
Usage (application): Leadership Types, Management, Ethics

Introduction to LeadershipSign up

Presentation about Leadership that explains key ch...
Usage (application): Leadership Training

Leading versus ManagingSign up

Dr. John Kotter gives his opinion on what are the ...
Usage (application): Understanding the differences between Leading and managing

Practical Communication Tips for ManagersSign up

As manager you need to combine professional expert...
Usage (application): Management Skills, Leadership Skills, Management Development, Leadership Development, Situational Leadership

Bullying: Workplace Performance and Preventive StrategiesSign up

This presentation is about bullying in the workpla...
Usage (application): Organizational Management, Strategy

How to Manage Challenging Situations and Challenging People?Sign up

This presentation is about the management of Confl...
Usage (application): People Management, Conflict Management, Persuasion, Challenging Situations

Change Management versus Change LeadershipSign up

This video explores and explains some differences ...
Usage (application): Understanding the Difference Between Change Management and Change Leadership

10 Choices that Authentic Leaders MakeSign up

During the interactions with others, an authentic ...
Usage (application): Leadership, Leadership Styles, Authentic Leadership

Summary by Deepak Chopra on 'True, Enlightened Leadership'Sign up

Indian writer of many alternative and spiritual bo...
Usage (application): True Leadership, Enlightened Leadership, Servant Leadership, Authentic Leadership, Visionary Leadership, Leadership Valu

Martin Luther King: I Have a Dream...Sign up

Arguably the most famous visionary speech ever, th...
Usage (application): Visionary Leadership

Video Introduction to LeadershipSign up

Quick visual intro to the subject of leadership by...
Usage (application): First Understanding of Leadership, Trainings, Workshops

Motivation by Pacesetting / Commanding LeadershipSign up

Hilarious video in which an extremely pacesetting ...
Usage (application): Introduction to Leadership Styles, Workshops, Trainings

Young Steve Jobs on the Role of ManagersSign up

This video is a nice start for any management cour...
Usage (application): Management, Leadership, Talent Management, Talent Acquisition, Talent Development

Requirements for Leaders in the 21st CenturySign up

Professor Michael Useem argues that over the next ...
Usage (application): Visions on Modern Leadership

News about Leadership GolemanSign up


News about Leadership StylesSign up


Videos about Leadership GolemanSign up


Videos about Leadership StylesSign up


Presentations about Leadership GolemanSign up


Presentations about Leadership StylesSign up


Books about Leadership GolemanSign up


Books about Leadership StylesSign up


More about Leadership GolemanSign up


More about Leadership StylesSign up


Compare with Goleman's Leadership Styles:  Emotional Intelligence  |  Leadership Continuum  |  Leadership Pipeline  |  General Management  |  Hagberg Model of Personal Power  |  Level 5 Leadership  |  Charismatic Leadership  |  EPIC ADVISERS  |  Servant-Leadership  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Managerial Grid  |  Contingency Theory  |  Competing Values Framework  |  Expectancy Theory  |  Result Oriented Management  |  Bases of Social Power  |  Seven Surprises  |  Seven Habits  |  Coaching  |  Mentoring  |  Results-Based Leadership  |  Situational Leadership  |  Metaplan  |  Ashridge Mission Model

Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  | Human Resources  |  Leadership  | Program & Project Management

More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here

About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
© 2018 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 21-9-2018. All names ™ of their owners.