Bases of Social Power[社会权力基础]



社会权力基础权力过程渗透于社会方方面面,不仅复杂,还常扮有伪装。 French和Raven的社会权力基础(Bases of Social Power)理论识别出五个(或六个)方面的社会权力基础(来源)。

  1. 奖赏权力Reward Power)。 这种权力基于给予正面有利结果,或去除负面不利结果所带来的力量。

  2. 强制权力(Coercive Power。 这种权力是指对违背旨意的人进行惩戒的力量。

  3. 法定权力(Legitimate Power。 这种权力是指通过选举或任命而担当一定职位所得到的行为力量,亦称组织权威(Organizational Authority规范权力(Normative Power。 比较: Organization Chart[组织结构图]

  4. 参照权力(Referent Power。 这种权力是由于成为别人学习参照榜样所拥有的力量。

  5. 专家权力(Expert Power。 这种权力来自于个人所拥有的专长、专门知识和特殊技能。

  6. 信息权力(Information Power 。 与5类似, 这种权力依赖于对某种他人必须的、重要信息的控制。

社会权力基础理论假定权力及其影响作用至少要卷入两个作用体, 并认为权力受体对于研究社会影响和权力现象更为有用。

French和Raven检阅了各种各样的权力后果,既有被权力所吸引的,也有对权力产生抵抗的。 吸引或抵抗都是权力受体对于权力作用体的情绪化反映。 他们总结到,权力基础不同,其产生的后果也不同。

例如,强制权力非常典型,它削弱吸引力,引起高度抵抗力。 而奖赏权力则会提高吸引力,并将抵抗力降到最低限度。

French和Raven还认为, 强制权力越合法(感觉而言),抵抗力就越薄弱,注意力也会随之减弱。

社会权力基础 小组

小组 (18名成员)



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🥇 Assumed Power in a Void
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🥈 With Power Comes Responsibility!
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🥉 Is Charisma a Source of Social Power?
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Synergistic Power is the Strongest
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Should See Power Differently...
The word "power" acts as deterrent for most of the employees to perform and leaves a negative and rebellious feeling in (...)
About Information Power
I personally believe that information power is the most influential form of power. All other powers especially legitimat (...)
What is Power? Definitions
French and Raven detail varieties of social power, but what is 'power', is it Foucault's action that requires two consen (...)
2 more Types of Power
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What is Referent Power? Definition and Examples
The definition for referent power in the summary of the basis of social power is not 100% clear when it says: "referen (...)
Mind Power - Power of Mind
Every one has power of mind, of which only around 17% is active. We need to activate the unconscious mind power to energ (...)
Social Power is Determined by the (Perception of the) Receiver
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Bases of Social Power: What's Common?
What do these Bases of Social Power have in common? (...)
Desire to Have Power...
Why do people desire social power? (...)
Framing or Meaning Power
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Bases of Social Power专家提示(英语)


Bases of Social Power in the Context of Change Initiatives

Why Acknowledging the Power of Employees is Important (...)

What precisely was Legitimate Power according to French and Raven? Definition

Precise Definition by French and Raven (...)

Mobilize the Expert Power in your Team Early On

Team Formation, Expert Power, Group Decision-making, Extroversion, Introversion (...)

Seventh Source of Social Power (French & Raven)

Leadership, Management, Change Management (...)

Positional and Personal Bases of Power

Leadership (...)

The Relationship between the Power of Leaders and Overconfidence

Leadership, Power, Leadership Development, Executive Education (...)



比较: Hagberg Model of Personal Power[哈格伯格个人力量模型]  |  Charismatic Leadership[魅力型领导]  |  Servant-Leadership[仆人式领导]  |  Change Management Iceberg[变革管理冰山]  |  Appreciative Inquiry[肯定式探询]  |  Positive Deviance[正向偏差]  |  Change Phases[变革阶段]  |  Force Field Analysis[力场分析法]  |  Core Group Theory[核心组理论]  |  Theory of Planned Behavior[计划行为理论]  |  Groupthink[团体迷思]  |  EPIC ADVISERS[史诗顾问]  |  Leadership Styles[领导风格]  |  Managerial Grid[管理方格理论]  |  Situational Leadership[情境领导]  |  Level 5 Leadership[第五级领导]  |  Centralization and Decentralization[中心化与去中心化]

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