System Dynamics
Systems Thinking

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概要

Systems Thinkingは何であるか。 定義

Systems Thinkingは調査のためのアプローチであり、1つのようなcomplex feedback管理のシステムは、株式会社および他の社会システムで見つける。 実際は実用的にあらゆる種類のfeedback systemを記述することを使用した。

System DynamicsはSystems Thinkingとより多くのまたはより少ない同じであるが、コンピュータシミュレーション用具の使用法を強調する。


言葉システムは統一されたパターンを形作る事の相互依存のグループを意味する。 フィードバックはyおよびx.に影響を与えるyに次々と影響を与えるxの状態を示す。 多分原因および効果の鎖を通して。 1つはxとy間のリンクと、独自に、y間のリンクおよびxを調査し、システムがいかにするか予測できない。 全feedback systemの調査だけ決算、業績を訂正するために導く。


System Dynamicsは何であるか。

System DynamicsはSystems Thinking、取得に計算機シミュレーションモデルを組み立て、テストすることの追加手順基づいている。 System Dynamics分野は本ジェイw. Forresterの「産業原動力」から最初に成長した。


System Dynamicsの方法のステップ

  1. 問題を認識しなさい、
  2. 問題の原因を説明する動的仮説を開発しなさい
  3. 問題の根でシステムの計算機シミュレーションモデルを造りなさい、
  4. real worldで見られる行動を再生することをあるためにモデルを確信しなさい
  5. 問題を軽減するモデル代替的政策で案出し、テストしなさい、
  6. 解決を実行しなさい。

頻繁にこれらのステップは見直され、精製されなければなりより早いステップの方に戻る。 例えば、認識される最初の問題は静かでより大きい問題のただの徴候であるかもしれない。


System Dynamicsの典型的な適用

  • 作戦および企業計画
  • ビジネス過程の開発
  • 公共の経営および方針
  • 生物的および医学の模倣
  • エネルギーおよび環境
  • 自然なおよび社会科学の理論の開発
  • 動的決定の作成
  • 複雑な非線形原動力

本: John Sterman -  Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking.


特別興味グループ

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System Dynamicsをと比較した:  Gestalt theory  |  Strategy Dynamics  |  Soft Systems Methodology  |  Scenario Planning  |  Analogical Strategic Reasoning  |  Five Disciplines  |  OODA loop  |  Game Theory  |  Spiral Dynamics  |  Simulation  |  Quality Function Deployment


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