経営の14の原則
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概要

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経営の14の原則は何であるか。 記述

Henri Fayol (1841-1925年)からの14の経営主義は次のとおりである:

  1. 仕事の分割。 特殊化は個人が経験を造り上げ、絶えず彼の技術を増進することを可能にする。 それにより彼はより生産的でもいい。
  2. 権限。 機能のための行かなければならない釣り合った責任命令を出す権利。
  3. 訓練。 従業員は従わなければならないがこれは両面である: 従業員はよいリーダーシップの提供によって命令にその時だけ経営なら演劇彼らの部分従う。
  4. 命令の統一性。 各労働者は他の矛盾したコマンドライン無しで1人の上司だけ持つべきである。
  5. 方向の単一性。 人々は同じ一種の活動で単一の計画の同じ目的を持たなければならない従事した。 これは企業の単一性そして調整を保障して必要である。 命令の統一性はそれから方向の単一性なしではないが、必ずしも流れる。
  6. 個々の興味の下位(概要の興味に)。 経営は会社の目的が優先する常にことを見なければならない。
  7. 報酬。 支払は事が完全なシステムのようなないことを重要なmotivatorがいくつかの可能性、Fayolの分析によって指摘するである。
  8. Centralization (またはDecentralization)。 これはビジネスの条件および人員の質によって程度の問題である。
  9. スカラー鎖(権力関係)。 階層は方向の単一性に必要である。 しかし横の連絡はまたそのようなコミュニケーションは起こっていることを目上の人が知っている限り、基礎である。 スカラー鎖は最高権威からの構成の低水準を階層のレベルの数を示す。 それは引き攣り、余りに多くのレベルから成るべきでない。
  10. 注文。 物質的な注文および社会順序は両方必要である。 前は材料の無くなった時そして無用の処理を最小にする。 後者構成および選択によって達成される。
  11. 株式。 ビジネスを動かすことで「kindlinessおよび正義の組合せは」必要である。 従業員を扱うことはよく株式を達成して重要である。
  12. 人員の保有の安定性。 従業員は雇用保証およびキャリアの進歩がそれらに保証されればよりよく働く。 従業員の転換の不確かな保有そして高い比率は構成に不利に影響を与える。
  13. 率先。 すべての人員を彼らの率先を示すことを許可することは何らかのかたちで構成のための強さのもとである。 それが多くのマネジャー側の「個人的な虚栄心」の犠牲を含むかもしれないのに。
  14. 団結心。 経営は従業員の意気込を促進しなければならない。 彼は更にそれを提案する: 努力を調整するために、keennessを奨励するために、可能な嫉妬を覚醒させ、調和した関係を妨げないで各人の能力および報酬を各自利点使用するために「実質の才能である必要」。は

経営は何であるか。 5つの要素

Fayolの経営の役割および行為の定義は5つの要素の間で区別する:

  1. Prevoyance。 (予測及び計画)。 未来および行動計画を作成することを検査する。 作戦の要素。
  2. 組織するため。 構造を、プロジェクトの材料そして人間両方、造り上げなさい。
  3. 命令に。 人員間の活動を維持しなさい。
  4. 調整するため。 一緒に結合し、すべての活動および努力を統一し、そして調和させている。
  5. 制御に。 すべてが確立された規則および表現された命令に従って行われることを見る。

経営の14の原則の起源。 歴史

Henri Fayol (1841-1925年)は労働の経営そして構成の理論が20世紀の初めに広く影響を及ぼすフランスの経営の理論家だった。 彼はエンジニアとしてフランスの炭鉱会社Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazevilleに勤めていた最初に鉱山技師、だった。 そして彼は総括経営に動き、1888年から1918年まで専務理事になった。 専務理事として彼の保有の間に彼は「管理で」そして1916に様々な記事を彼の「管理、IndustrielleとGénérale - Prévoyance印刷されたの報告de la Societeé de l」 Industrie Minérale構成、Commandementの調整、Contrôle」書いた。 1949で最初の英国翻訳は現われた:  constance Storrs著「概要および工業経営」。


14の経営主義の使用法。 適用

  • 変更および構成。
  • 意思決定。
  • 技術。 マネジャーの基本的な有効性を増進するのに使用することができる。
  • 経営がリストされる、分かれた色々な活動として見ることができることを理解しなさい。

本: Henri Fayol - General and Industrial Management


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経営の14の原則をと比較した: POSDCORB  |  組織図  |  Fourteen Points of Management (Deming)  |  Ten Schools of Thought  |  Training Within Industry  |  Eight Attributes of Management Excellence  |  CentralizationおよびDecentralization


経営ハブに戻る: 変更と組織コミュニケーションとスキル方針決定と評価人材


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