Principles of Management Fayol

Knowledge Center

   

The general management principles as summarized by Fayol. Explanation of 14 Principles of Management of Henri Fayol. (1916)

Contributed by: Vincent Marino

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

Henri Fayol (1841-1925) - 14 Principles of Management

What are the 14 Principles of Management? Description

The 14 Management Principles from Henri Fayol (1841-1925) are:

  1. Division of Work. Specialization allows the individual to build up experience, and to continuously improve his skills. Thereby he can be more productive.
  2. Authority. The right to issue commands, along with which must go the balanced responsibility for its function.
  3. Discipline. Employees must obey, but this is two-sided: employees will only obey orders if management play their part by providing good leadership.
  4. Unity of Command. Each worker should have only one boss with no other conflicting lines of command.
  5. Unity of Direction. People engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single plan. This is essential to ensure unity and coordination in the enterprise. Unity of command does not exist without unity of direction but does not necessarily flows from it.
  6. Subordination of individual interest (to the general interest). Management must see that the goals of the firms are always paramount.
  7. Remuneration. Payment is an important motivator although by analyzing a number of possibilities, Fayol points out that there is no such thing as a perfect system.
  8. Centralization (or Decentralization). This is a matter of degree depending on the condition of the business and the quality of its personnel.
  9. Scalar chain (Line of Authority). A hierarchy is necessary for unity of direction. But lateral communication is also fundamental, as long as superiors know that such communication is taking place. Scalar chain refers to the number of levels in the hierarchy from the ultimate authority to the lowest level in the organization. It should not be over-stretched and consist of too-many levels.
  10. Order. Both material order and social order are necessary. The former minimizes lost time and useless handling of materials. The latter is achieved through organization and selection.
  11. Equity. In running a business a ‘combination of kindliness and justice’ is needed. Treating employees well is important to achieve equity.
  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel. Employees work better if job security and career progress are assured to them. An insecure tenure and a high rate of employee turnover will affect the organization adversely.
  13. Initiative. Allowing all personnel to show their initiative in some way is a source of strength for the organization. Even though it may well involve a sacrifice of ‘personal vanity’ on the part of many managers.
  14. Team Spirit (Esprit de Corps). Management must foster the morale of its employees. He further suggests that: “real talent is needed to coordinate effort, encourage keenness, use each person’s abilities, and reward each one’s merit without arousing possible jealousies and disturbing harmonious relations.”

What is Management? Five elements

Fayol's definition of management roles and actions distinguishes between Five Elements:

  1. Prevoyance. (Forecast & Plan). Examining the future and drawing up a plan of action. The elements of strategy.
  2. To organize. Build up the structure, both material and human, of the undertaking.
  3. To command. Maintain the activity among the personnel.
  4. To coordinate. Binding together, unifying and harmonizing all activity and effort.
  5. To control. Seeing that everything occurs in conformity with established rule and expressed command.

Origin of the 14 Principles of Management. History

Henri Fayol (1841-1925) was a French management theorist whose theories in management and organization of labor were widely influential in the beginning of 20th century. He was a mining engineer who worked for a French mining company Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazeville, first as an engineer. Then he moved into general management and became Managing Director from 1888 to 1918. During his tenure as Managing Director he wrote various articles on 'administration' and in 1916 the Bulletin de la Société de l’ Industrie Minérale, printed his "Administration, Industrielle et Générale – Prévoyance, Organisation, Commandement, Coordination, Contrôle". In 1949 the first English translation appeared:  ‘General and Industrial Management’ by Constance Storrs.


Usage of the 14 Management Principles. Applications

  • Change and Organization.
  • Decision-making.
  • Skills. Can be used to improve the basic effectiveness of a manager.
  • Understand that management can be seen as a variety of activities, which can be listed and grouped.

Book: Henri Fayol - General and Industrial Management -


Principles of Management - Fayol Forum
  Abuse of Delegation | Misuse of Delegating
Delegation is a core part of leadership and manage...
     
 
  Which of Fayol's 14 Principles is Most Important?
Hi, I have just a simple question on Fayol: which ...
     
 
  Delegation: How to Delegate Effectively?
WHAT IS DELEGATION?
Fayol’s 13nd principle ("...
     
 
  Unity of Direction - Fayol's 5th Principle of Management
I'm looking for some further explanation and examp...
     
 
  Management Mantras
What is the present management mantra practiced in...
     
 
  Books by Henri Fayol on Management
Has he written any books? I can only find articles...
     
 
  Exactly Where are the 14 Principles of Fayol Located?
I am writing an essay which encompasses Fayol's th...
     
 
  The Contribution of Henri Fayol to Strategy
The biggest contribution Fayol made to the discipl...
     
 
  Current Research on Fayol / 14 Principles?
Although they are now almost 100 years old, we see...
     
 
  All of These Principles are Obvious Features
In every organization, we can see all of them but ...
     
 
  Manager in Conflict with Top Management...
Conflicts occur regularly in almost all organisati...
     
 
  On #9: Scalar Chain has to be Modified for Current Times
Had Fayol been alive today, he would have modified...
     
 
  Fayols Principles are the Basis of Many Later Management Concepts
Many recent management principle are extension of ...
     
 
  Some Items May Be Missing, But...
Dear all, we can now identify what is missing in t...
     
 

Principles of Management - Fayol Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

Principles of Management - Fayol Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Best Practices - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium
  Are Fayol's Principles of Management also applicable to non-profit organizations?
Fayol's principles of management were written havi...
     
 
  On the 4th Principle: Unity of Command
According to Fayol's 4th Principle, Unity of Comma...
     
 
  Difference between Adminstration and Management
Should't Fayol's principles be called the 14 pr...
     
 
  (Why) Do we Need Managers?
Why do we need managers? They are a layer of cost ...
     
 
  Managers versus Leaders
Not all managers are good leaders and not all lead...
     
 
  Fayol's Management Roles
Fayol mentioned 5 roles (or actions):
1. Prev...
     
 
  Add #15 Principle: Conformity to the Basic Origin
Aristotle noticed that well-being everywhere depen...
     
 
  Need for Employees' Welfare in the Principles
It is obvious that in this 14 principles something...
     
 
  What is Prevoyance? Explanation
Prevoyance is the function of management which say...
     
 
  Explanation and Examples of Esprit de Corps
Can someone please come with an explanation/exampl...
     
 
  The Power of an Ownership Attitude among Employees
As per my analysis, if any employee has an ownersh...
     
 
  Difficulties to Apply 14 Principles of Henri Fayol
What difficulties can a manager confront today if ...
     
 
  Organizational Efficiency or Effectiveness?
Which is more important for an organization: effic...
     
 
  POLICE Acronym in Management
Can someone explain the terms P. O. L. I. C. E. in...
     
 
  Risks in Fayol's 14 Principles of Management
What and where are the risks in the 14 principles ...
     
 
  Managers: Born or Made?
I think that managers are mostly born. The persons...
     
 
  The 10 Principles of Urwick
Similar and well-known are the 10 Principles of Or...
     
 
  Good and bad managers...
Why don't all managers follow the principles of ma...
     
 
  Evolution of Management
The way management is evolving keeps managers on t...
     
 

Expert Tips - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium
 

Fayol's 16 Management Duties of the Organisation

1. To aim at giving serious thoughts to activity p...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 5 Elements of Administration

Fayol wrote any organisation can be subdivided int...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 6 Types of Operations

Fayol wrote that any organisation can be subdivide...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 7 Qualities of Managers

The 7 qualities Fayol expected from managers were:...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Six Groups of Activities of Henri Fayol

Frederick Taylor basically viewed managers as mere...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Why and How the Functions of Managers Have Changed

Traditionally, the task of managers would be descr...
Usage (application): Modern Management, Management Functions, Management Roles
 
 
 

Powell's Support to Fayol's Ideas

Fayol named one of the duties of organization "...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 

Resources - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium

Visions on the Roles of Managers, Management Roles, Managerial Roles

This superb presentation outlines the roles and ta...
Usage (application): Management, Leadership, Reflection on What Management Fundamentally is, Workshops, Trainings
 

Mintzberg: 7 Myths on Management

In this interesting interview Prof. Henry Mintzber...
Usage (application): Management Development, Leadership Development, Managers versus Leaders, MBA
 

Scientific Management: Definitions, Theorists and Main Contributions

Presentation about Scientific Management that incl...
Usage (application): Scientific Management, Taylor, Gannt, Gilbreth, Gulick, Weber, Fayol
 

Original Source Document of the 14 Principles of Fayol

Scan of the section in Fayol's Original Work "Admi...
Usage (application): Management History 'pur Sang'
 

Fayol Principles of Management

Short presentation by Saruchi Pandey....
Usage (application): Principles of Management
 

Delegation versus Empowerment

Employees want to feel that their work is importan...
Usage (application): Delegation, Employee Empowerment, Situational Leadership, Management
 

The Role of Supervisor | Skills of Supervisors

This presentation elaborates on the skills that su...
Usage (application): Skills of a Supervisor, Supervisor Role, Supervisor Behavior
 

Theory of Bureaucracy (Weber) and the 14 Principles of Management (Fayol)

This presentation presents the 5 Principles of Web...
Usage (application): Administration, Management, Early Administrative Management Theories, 5 Principles, Bureaucracy
 

Leading versus Managing

Dr. John Kotter gives his opinion on what are the ...
Usage (application): Understanding the differences between Leading and managing
 

Principles of Management

Presentation by WJ Patterson includes some generic...
Usage (application): Principles and History of Management
 

Young Steve Jobs on the Role of Managers

This video is a nice start for any management cour...
Usage (application): Management, Leadership, Talent Management, Talent Acquisition, Talent Development
 

Brief Overview of the Informal Organization

Presentation that elaborates on the concept of inf...
Usage (application): Informal Organization
 

Interpretation of the 14 Principles of Management: Comparison of Then and Now

Paper by C.A. Rodrigues. This paper compares inter...
Usage (application): Principles of Management
 
 

News about Principles Fayol


     
 

News about Management Fayol


     
 

Videos about Principles Fayol


     
 

Videos about Management Fayol


     
 

Presentations about Principles Fayol


     
 

Presentations about Management Fayol


     
 

More about Principles Fayol


     
 

More about Management Fayol


     

Compare with the 14 Principles of Management: POSDCORB  |  Organization Chart  |  Fourteen Points of Management (Deming)  |  Ten Schools of Thought  |  Training Within Industry  |  Eight Attributes of Management Excellence  |  Centralization and Decentralization


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Decision-making & Valuation  |  Human Resources


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2017 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 24-10-2017. All names tm by their owners.