Culture Types[文化类型] (狄尔&肯尼迪)

知识中心

   

区别企业文化的四种类型。 狄尔与肯尼迪的文化类型解析。 (1982)

目录

  1. 摘要
  2. 论坛
  3. 最佳实践
  4. Expert Tips
  5. 相关资料
  6. 打印

Culture Types[文化类型] (狄尔&肯尼迪) 什么是文化类型? 释义

哈佛教授泰伦斯·狄尔(Terrence Deal)与麦肯锡咨询公司咨讯顾问艾伦·肯尼迪(Allen Kennedy)是最早一批致力于企业文化(Corporate Culture)研究的学者。 1982年,在他们的书作《企业文化:企业生活中的礼仪与仪式》(Corporate Culture: The Rites and Rituals of Corporate Life)中,狄尔与肯尼迪认为, 组织文化简而言之就是组织的行事方式(The way things get done around here)。


在这本书中,他们还提出了企业文化的六个关联要素: 历史、价值观与信仰、礼仪与仪式,故事、英雄以及由企业内外不同群体所组成的文化网络。 他们通过以下两个因素来区分企业的文化类型:

  • 反馈速度(Feedback Speed: 企业活动获取反馈与回报的速度。
  • 风险程度(Degree of Risk: 企业活动的风险程度和不确定度。

根据这两个因素,企业文化即可划分出以下四个类型:

  1. 硬汉型文化(Tough-Guy Macho Culture)(反馈与回报的速度快,风险大):
    • 因为高风险和回报的不确定性而产生压力。
    • 着眼当下,个人主义压倒团队精神。
    • 典型: 广告业、经济人行业、体育圈。
  2. 苦干型文化(Work-Hard, Play-Hard Culture)(反馈与回报的速度快,风险低):
    • 压力源自工作量,而非工作任务的不确定性。
    • 重视速度,超人工作。
    • 典型: 销售业、餐饮业、软件行业。
  3. 办差型文化(Process Culture(反馈与回报的速度慢,风险低):
    • 压力一般较低,但组织内部政策以及官僚制度也有可能造成压力。
    • 关注细节与流程表现。
    • 典型: 政府机关、银行业、保险业、公共机构。
  4. 赌注型文化(Bet-Your-Company Culture(反馈与回报的速度慢,风险高):
    • 压力源自高风险以及反馈与回报的滞后。
    • 目光长远,重视准备与规划。
    • 典型: 制药业、飞机制造业、石油勘探业。

参考书: Terrence E. Deal, Allan A. Kennedy - Corporate Cultures: The Rites and Rituals of Corporate Life (1982) [中译本《企业文化:企业生活中的礼仪与仪式》,中国人民大学出版社,2008] -

参考书: Terrence E. Deal, Allan A. Kennedy - The New Corporate Cultures (2000) [中译本《创造竞争优势:7大经营挑战与5大成功法宝》,台北先觉出版股份有限公司,2001] -


文化类型论坛
  Innovation in a Target Culture
Many organizations today have a 'target culture', ...
     
 
  Another Culture Type: the Yes Culture
Schmidt and Rosenberg recommend to establish a "Ye...
     
 
  Relationship of Leader Communication Style and Organization Culture on Organization Effectiveness
I am in the process of drafting proposal for my do...
     
 
  Connecting Culture and the Dominant Strategy
The flaw in the Deal and Kennedy model is that it ...
     
 
  12 Culture Factors of Drennan?
Has anyone heard of Drennan and his 12 factors in ...
     
 
  The Effects of Leadership on Organizational Culture
Hi, I am currently researching on "The effects of ...
     
 
  High Performance Work Culture
Of what does a high performance work culture consi...
     
 
  Do Competitive Work Cultures Lead to Better Performance?
I am searching for information and sources (books ...
     
 
  Culture Types Useful Model
This model on culture types makes it easy to under...
     
 
  International Culture Types
I think that the four culture types model has now ...
     
 

文化类型 小组


小组

文化类型 培训|活动


搜索培训、会议及活动项目


最佳实践 - 文化类型 高级帐户

Expert Tips (ENG) - Culture Types 高级帐户
 

Establishing an Organizational Culture of Perpetual Crisis

An interesting article in the issue of Fortune (Se...
Usage (application)Corporate Culture Best Practice
 
 
 

Strategies to Change Employee Habits, Hearts and Heads

According to J.E. Kee and K.E. Newcomer ("Why Do C...
Usage (application)Changing Organization Cultures
 
 
 

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Culture Change

According to Jon Katzenbach and Ashley Harshak ("S...
Usage (application)Changing Organizational Cultures, What to DO and what NOT
 
 
 

Why is Changing an Organization Culture So Hard? The ASA Model (Schneider)

Why is changing an organization culture so difficu...
Usage (application)Organization Culture, Culture Change, Corporate Culture, Change Management, Recruitment
 
 
 

How Culture Levels Explain Failures in Organizational Learning and Innovation

Schein (as cited by Bertagni et al., 2010) tries t...
Usage (application)Improving Organizational Learning, Organizational Innovation, Changing Organization Cultures
 
 
 

The Importance of Culture in Organizational Performance

John Connolly, former CEO of Deloitte UK, argues t...
Usage (application)Organizational Culture, Corporate Culture, Employee Behavior, Organizational Performance
 
 
 

7 Mechanisms to Change Corporate Cultures

Management can choose from this menu of actions...
Usage (application)Change Management, Organizational Change, Culture Change
 
 
 

PROs and CONs of a Strong Corporate Culture

Implementing a significant change is generally eas...
Usage (application)Corporate Culture Change, Change Management, Organizational Change
 
 

相关资料 - 文化类型 高级帐户
 

新闻关于文化类型


     
 

新闻关于企业文化


     
 

视频关于文化类型


     
 

视频关于企业文化


     
 

简报关于文化类型


     
 

简报关于企业文化


     
 

更多关于文化类型


     
 

更多关于企业文化


     

比较: Levels of Culture[文化层次]  |  Changing Organization Cultures[组织文化变革法]  |  Cultural Dimensions[文化尺度]  |  Groupthink[团体迷思]  |  Core Group Theory[核心组理论]  |  Contingency Theory[权变理论]  |  Change Management Iceberg[变革管理冰山]  |  Change Phases[变革阶段]  |  Force Field Analysis[力场分析法]  |  Theory of Planned Behavior[计划行为理论]  |  Leadership Continuum[领导连续体]  |  Cultural Intelligence[文化智能]


返回到分类主页: 变革与组织  |  沟通与技能  |  决策与评估  |  人力资源管理


更多管理方法、模型和理论

Special Interest Group Leader

你在这里


关于12manage | 广告服务 | 链接我们 | 隐私 | 服务条款
版权所有 2017 12manage经理人进阶捷径。V14.1 - 最后更新:22-9-2017。各管理方法名称(tm)为其原创者所拥有。