Innovación Disruptiva
Christensen

Centro de Conocimiento



Resumen, foro, mejores prácticas, consejos de expertos y fuentes de información.

Aporte de: Neusa Hirota


Resumen

Innovación quebrantadora de Clayton Christensen

¿qué es la Innovación Disruptiva? Explicación

El modelo de Innovación Disruptiva de Clayton Christensen es una teoría que se puede utilizar para describir el impacto de las nuevas tecnologías (cambio revolucionario) en la existencia de una firma. Clayton Christensen primero acuñó las tecnologías “quebrantadoras” de la frase en 1997, en su libro “el dilema del innovador: Cuando las nuevas tecnologías hacen las grandes firmas fallar”.
Él mostró que repetidamente casi todas las organizaciones que “murieron” o fueron desplazadas de sus industrias (debido a un nuevo paradigma de ofertas al cliente) pudieron haber visto esta disrupción, pero no notaron nada sino hasta que fue demasiado tarde.


Haciendo lo que se supone que hacen las buenas compañías - atender a sus clientes más rentables y dirigiendo el enfoque de sus inversiones donde están los márgenes más atractivos de rentabilidad - los líderes establecidos de la industria, están en una trayectoria de innovaciones sostenidas y quedan abiertos para que las innovaciones radicales no los entierren. Esto sucede porque los procesos de asignación de recursos de las compañías se diseñan para maximizar beneficios a través de las innovaciones sostenibles, que esencialmente implica diseñar, una cada vez mejor, trampa de ratón para los clientes existentes o los segmentos de mercado más atractivos. Cuando emergen las innovaciones radicales (típicamente nuevas versiones de productos ya existentes, pero más baratos y simples de usar, que apuntan a clientes marginales o a clientes enteramente a nuevos), las compañías establecidas están paralizadas. Ellas estan casi siempre motivadas para ir por más mercado que para defender mercados nuevos o marginales, y la Innovación Disruptiva mejora, roba, más participación de mercado, y substituye en última instancia, al producto reinante.


Tipos de innovación

Las compañías tienen dos opciones básicas cuando buscan construir negocios florecientes. Pueden intentar tomar un mercado existente de un competidor atrincherado con innovaciones sostenibles. O pueden intentar tomar parte de los mercados nuevos que ha creado un competidor con innovaciones radicales o sino, "robándole" alguno de los clientes que este competidor considera como no atractivos para su cartera.

Hay dos tipos distintos de Innovación Disruptiva. El primer tipo crea un nuevo mercado apuntando a no consumidores. El segundo compite en el extremo inferior de un mercado establecido.
 

Origen del modelo del Innovación Disruptiva. Historia

Investigación y estudios de Christensen en Harvard.


Uso del método de Innovación Disruptiva. Aplicaciones

  • En toda las clases de compañías - que puedan ser afectadas por la innovación tecnológica/cambio.

Pasos de la Innovación Disruptiva. Proceso

  • El modelo muestra que, como el desempeño exigido por los clientes de un mercado existente aumenta luego en un cierto plazo, entonces,también lo hace el desempeño proporcionado dentro de un paradigma tecnológico. La mejoría del desempeño proporcionado tiene a menudo una trayectoria distinta a la trayectoria de la mejoría del desempeño exigida por los clientes (véase el recuadro). Cuando difieren las cuestas de la trayectoria, y el desempeño proporcionado excede el desempeño exigido, las nuevas tecnologías que eran solamente competitivas en alejados nichos de mercado, pueden emigrar hacia otras redes de clientes. Esto provee a los innovadores de un vehículo para llegar a clientes nuevos, que anteriormente podrían haber visto su oferta como inferior al promedio; y les permite ofrecer a estos mercados establecidos un nuevo grupo de atributos de valor del desempeño que ahora son más relevantes que los del paradigma actual.
  • La interrupción y la acomodación van realmente de común acuerdo. Una compañía que llega más allá, no simplemente gana (una firma que mejora un producto al punto que es considerada más que buena, es normal que reciba un margen adicional por dichos productos). O la interrupción robará sus mercados, o la acomodación robará sus beneficios. Mientras que las ondas nuevas de la innovación barren una industria, el lugar donde estará el dinero se desviará a través de la cadena de valor a través del tiempo. Mientras que esto sucede, las compañías que se han posicionado en un punto de la cadena de valor donde el desempeño no es todavía suficientemente bueno, capturarán el beneficio.

Limitaciones de la Innovación Disruptiva. Desventajas

  • El Innovación Disruptiva requiere un proceso separado de la estrategia. Este proceso debe ser emergente y centrado en las oportunidades inesperadas, problemas y éxitos, más bien que previsto y centrado en la comprensión mejorada de qué trabaja y de qué no lo hace.
  • En vez de diseñar los productos y los servicios que atienden el comportamiento actual de clientes actuales, los planes subyacentes del personal deben dirigirse al diseño de innovaciones. Entender lo que realmente necesita la gente está sin embargo lejos de ser fácil.
  • Los negocios quebrantadores no pueden lograr los beneficios grandes muy rápidos, pagado a a su naturaleza (que trata nuevos mercados, o tratando el extremo inferior de mercados existentes). Los capitalistas de las empresa son cada vez más impacientes para que los negocios entreguen beneficios.

Supuestos de la Innovación Disruptiva. Condiciones

Muerte del riesgo de las compañías con las decisiones para no hacer caso de las tecnologías que no aparecen tratar sus necesidades de clientes, como llegan a ser fatales cuando la trayectoria paradigmática dos del progreso interactiva.


Libro: Clayton M. Christensen - The Innovator's Dilemma

Libro: Clayton M. Christensen - The Innovator's Solution

Libro: Clayton M. Christensen - Seeing What's Next 


Grupo de Interés Especial

Unirse

Grupo de Interés Especial de Innovación Disruptiva .



Grupo de Interés Especial (212 miembros)

Foro

Nuevo Tema

Foro sobre Innovación Disruptiva.


🔥 NUEVO El Exito de la Innovacion Radical
Buen dia amigos, el exito de la innovacion radical, ya que es perturbadora, segun experimente, depende de la madurez de (...)
3
 
Disruptive Change and HR
Innovation is necessary and mandatory for a firm to be competitive in the current operating business environment. Howev (...)
14
 
1 comentarios
WHAT is Being Innovated? The 4 Ps of Innovation
There are actually 4 things or objects that one can innovate:
9
 
Timing is Important to Make an Innovative Idea Disruptive
America had to be discovered more than once, until it really had been discovered. The Apple Newton was a superior answer (...)
8
 
10 comentarios
Leadership and Taking Action
Don't forget the important point of taking action after all the theorising! Sometimes I think it's more down to the lead (...)
8
 
Asymmetric Innovation
Asymmetric Innovation = Asymmetric Situation + Customer Value.
Asymmetric Situation is a resulting none-direct-comp (...)
7
 
Innovation Ideas in Economic Slowdowns
Innovation has always been the hallmark of doing good business. A lot of products that we enjoy today that were develope (...)
6
 
4 comentarios
Slow Innovation: PROs, CONs and Tips
When we talk about innovation, we often associate it with disruptive innovation efforts / large-scale processes that cha (...)
5
 
Business Model Innovation
Dear all fans of Clay!
IPTV is probably and most likely a disruptive technology, but more important, is it feasible (...)
5
 
Disruptive Innovation or Improved Technology?
Disruptive innovation is only a means of improving existing products as it creates new, better and unexpected sets of va (...)
5
 
2 comentarios
Disruptive Innovation and Public Sector Organisations
This model appears to describe the potential life cycle of a firm in market economies where profit maximisation is the g (...)
4
 
9 comentarios
Comparison Disruptive Innovation versus Blue Ocean Strategy
Is Disruptive Innovation a liitle more detail of Blue Ocean Strategy??
If not whats the difference between the two? (...)
4
 
3 comentarios
Is Value Innovation Disruptive Innovation?
Should value innovation, the corner stone of Blue Ocean Strategy be considered disruptive innovation? (...)
4
 
7 comentarios
Blue/Innovate and Red/Disrupt
An interesting exercise is to work through a product's feature set using both the Strategy Map of "Blue Ocean Strategy" (...)
4
 
Paradigmatic Changes Require Re-orientation of Ones World Views
So often there are changes which are semantic. My view is that paradigmatic changes require re-orientation of ones worl (...)
4
 
1 comentarios
Leadership Skills / Approaches for Successful Innovation
Innovation leadership requires other approaches than general leadership for the core business. Furr and Dyer (2014) outl (...)
4
 
34 comentarios
A Disruptive Innovation Questions what we Don't Know
It's hard to change. This holds for organisations and people. A disruptive innovation questions what we know and exposes (...)
4
 
Disruptive Innovation: What Causes the Creative Leap?
What causes the difference in magnitude of creative leap? One may create a quantum leap, but other innovations may not b (...)
4
 
16 comentarios
The Resources-Processes-Values (RPV) Framework
The resources-processes-values (RPV) framework is a useful tool to understand why big companies fail in responding to di (...)
4
 
1 comentarios
The Word 'Disruptive' in Disruptive Innovation
I wonder if the term 'disruptive' is in fact the appropriate word.
If it's agreed that it means: unexpected, large (...)
3
 
2 comentarios
Better Input from Consumers Needed for Disruptive Innovation
Technological innovations bring positivity, a better quality of life. But have they considered those without access to n (...)
3
 
2 comentarios
What is Disruptive Innovation Exactly? Definition
A "definition" of Disruptive Innovation that's frequently quoted is one which is located on Christensen's website. It re (...)
3
 
5 comentarios
Are Clayton Christensen’s Disruptive Innovation Characteristics Useful in Practice?
A recent write up published in MIT Sloan Management Review concludes that Disruptive Innovation theory is "not very usef (...)
3
 
Leapfrogging Technologies by Developing Countries
Leapfrogging is a way for developing countries to benefit from earlier skills and advancements of the developed world by (...)
3
 
Is Disruptive Innovation Radical?
Disruptive Innovation is often incorrectly described as a radical rather than incremental change in technology. In fact, (...)
2
 
6 comentarios
Distinguishing Three Types of Innovation
Christensen (2014) argues that investing in different types of innovation will influence markets and firms in different (...)
2
 
2 comentarios
Breakthrough versus Disruptive Innovation
Breakthrough versus Disruptive Innovation - what's the difference? Is there a difference, necessarily? (...)
1
 
1 comentarios

Iniciar un nuevo tema de foro sobre Innovación Disruptiva
El intercambio de ideas estimula su desarrollo personal y profesional. ¡Y usted puede ayudar a otras personas! Por favor, motive su punto de vista. Todavía se puede editar su tema durante 3 horas.

 

Mejores Prácticas

Regístrate

Los temas mejor valorados sobre Innovación Disruptiva. Aquí encontrará las ideas más valiosas y sugerencias prácticas.


Innovation Strategy: The Three Horizons of Growth (McKinsey)
One of ways of thinking about innovation strategy is to use the 3 Horizons of Growth developed by Steve Coley at McKinse (...)
56
 
52 comentarios

Disruptive versus Incremental Innovation
Typically, Incremental Innovation exploits existing forms or technologies... Improves upon something that already exists (...)
27
 
13 comentarios

Disruptive Innovation: Product versus Platform
DISRUPTIVE PLATFORMS often have a bigger impact than disruptive products. Some examples:
Uber owns no vehicle, (...)
25
 
14 comentarios

The Jobs to be Done Approach (JTBD) and Disruptive Innovation
BACKGROUND
The theory of disruptive innovation helps companies navigate threats coming from their external environm (...)
23
 
10 comentarios

Strategic Options for Old-Technology Firms
What should be the strategic response of old-technology firms when a promising new technology shows up? Typically firms (...)
22
 
7 comentarios

Impact of the New Technology
Our countries are not concerned by this issue because not developed. We are only getting negative impacts due to this te (...)
20
 
1 comentarios

Tips for Innovation Strategy
As a part of corporate success factor development process, we have found a need to build up an "Innovation Strategy". Ca (...)
20
 
10 comentarios

Typical Disruptive Technologies
It is important that business and policy leaders understand which technologies might matter to them and prepare accordin (...)
16
 
How to Develop Disruptive Innovation Skills?
I believe disruptive innovation skills can be mostly taught.
Beyond the associative skills which is cognitive, the (...)
15
 
4 comentarios

Diversity of Perspective is Key to Disruptive Innovation
“All new ideas are combinations of old ideas, but not all idea combinations are created equal,” writes Frans Johannsen.< (...)
14
 
9 comentarios

How to Find Innovative Ideas? From Analogous Markets...
When trying to find innovative ideas for your organization, several studies have revealed that it is highly valuable to (...)
11
 
3 comentarios

How to Sustain Disruptive Innovation?
After gaining entry into some (new) market segment through disruptive innovation, how do you SUSTAIN your position and g (...)
10
 
26 comentarios

Ways to Incorporate Disruptive Innovation as Part of the Management Agenda
A few days ago I was in a conversation with Adam Hartung, who observed brand managers are constrained, as a matter of pr (...)
7
 
14 comentarios

Is Cirque du Soleil the iPhone or the Seiko of Circus?
An article about the Cirque du Soleil I recently read made me wonder whether we should think of Cirque du Soleil as the (...)
7
 
6 comentarios

The Hybrid Innovation Approach to Manage Technological Disruptions
Companies need to carefully think about the timing and way to adopt technological disruptions. Adopting technological di (...)
5
 
5 comentarios

Consejos de Expertos

Regístrate

Conocimientos avanzados sobre Disruptive Innovation (Inglés). Aquí encontrará consejos profesionales de expertos.


Innovation Pitfalls

Avoiding Innovation Traps
Harvard Professor R. Moss Kanter describes 4 common innovation mistakes and corresponding remedies (HBR Nov 2006): 1. S (...)

How Can Incumbents Respond to Disruptors?

5 Strategic Options in Reaction to Disruptors
In recent years, the challenges to incumbent majors across industries have come mainly from low-cost competitors and fr (...)

How to Find Good Product Ideas? List of 10 Approaches

Discovering New-Product Ideas, Creative Approaches
In his book “Product Leadership: Creating and Launching Superior New Products”, Robert Cooper suggests following ten way (...)

Challenging the Existing Strategic Logic

Finding New Markets
A tool by Kim and Mauborgne is the "Four Actions Framework". This Four Actions Framework can be used to challenge the ex (...)

The Simple-Cheap-Convenient Approach

Addressing the Unmet Needs of Customers
Based on Christensen’s model of disruptive innovation, Norton and Pine argue that experience innovation can effectively (...)

Distinguish Disruptive Technology Innovation From Disruptive Marketing Innovation!

2 Distinct Capabilities...
It is necessary to distinguish between disruptive technology innovation and disruptive marketing innovation, since ther (...)

How to Detect Consumer Needs that are Unmet?

Product Innovation, New Product Development, Innovation Strategy
In their article New Business Models in Emerging Markets" (Harvard Business Review, January-February 2011), Matthew J. E (...)

Key Challenges of Internet Age for Management and for Product and Service Development

R&D, Product Development, Service Development, Strategy, Marketing, Innovation, Visioning
The Internet age represents a huge challenge for most businesses. Why? Because the Internet, wireless devices such as m (...)

Recent Innovation Trends | New Innovation Types

Open innovation, User Innovation, Value Innovation, Bottom-up Innovation
Roland Bel (2012) outlines and explains four types of innovations that have become more and more important since the las (...)

How to Think Differently in Innovation?

How to Be Innovative, Innovative Thinking
Strategy is always related with risk, due to market volatility. Also today´s volatility is increasing very fast. So inno (...)

How to Lead an Innovation Team

Best Practices, Innovation Team Management
In order to become a great innovation team leader, Ram Charan suggests in the article "P&G's Innovation Culture" (strate (...)

Innovating by Reconsidering Value Delivery

Fundamental Innovation
When innovating their business model, companies need to reconsider their value proposition from all perspectives. One of (...)

Creating Organizations to Produce Breakthrough Innovations

Best Practices, Critical Factors, Creating an Organization to lead Radical Innovation
Since 50 years, the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has been very successful in producing a (...)

How to Design Experiments to Support Decision-making on Strategic Innovations

Strategic Innovation, Strategic Decision-making, Strategic Experimenting, Experiments, Strategic Testing, Innovation Tes
The probability of success of a major innovation is difficult to assess. Statistics and other datasets only provide info (...)

Classes of Innovation | Sources of Innovation

Innovation, Creativity, Organizational Innovativeness, Lateral Thinking, Out of the Box Thinking, Blue Ocean Strategy
TWO CLASSES OF INNOVATION Innovation can be triggered or enabled by two broad classes: KNOWLEDGE PUSH: Innovation trig (...)

Why Large Firms are Having Difficulties to Deal with Disruptive Innovations

Innovation Management
Christensen explains why many firms, especially large firms, have trouble with adapting and thus with surviving when dea (...)

Big-Bang Disruption

Technological Innovation
BBD is a term coined by Accenture gurus Larry Drownes and Paul F. Numes. Technological innovation lately started out fr (...)

What Makes a Company Innovative?

Innovation Best Practices, R&D Best Practices, Corporate Innovation
A futurethink 2006 Innovation Tracker Survey mentions: - Ability to create a climate that continuously fosters innovat (...)

Three Critical Capabilities in Developing a Strategic Corporate Disruptive Innovation Competence

(Disruptive) Innovation Competence, Strategic Innovation Capability, Corporate Strategy, Innovation Leadership
Skarzynski and Rufat-Latre (2011) discovered that the successes of disruptive innovators are driven by 3 critical capabi (...)

Predecessor of Christensen

Technology-driven Change Theory
The theory of Disruptive Innovation was actually not created by Christensen. It was described by Thomas Hugues, MIT Pres (...)

How BOP Countries Can Disrupt Western Markets

Disruptive Innovation, Bottom of the Pyramid, Country-level Strategy
After the Second World War, Japan started to develop fast as a result of their disruptive innovation strategy. This disr (...)

Designing Complex Products or Systems Through Iterative Rapid-cycle Prototyping

Design Thinking, Disruptive Innovation, Blue Ocean Strategy, Introducing Complex Systems, Co-Creation
Today, organizations are increasingly developing and designing new and complex products or systems. In other words, the (...)

Misunderstandings on the Concept of Disruptive Innovations

Technology Innovation
In their paper “A Reflective Review of Disruptive Innovation Theory”, the authors mention three misunderstandings on the (...)

Why Some Technology Revolutions Take Off and Others Don't

Adoption of New Technologies
Back in 1962, Thomas Kuhn wrote “Structure of Scientific Revolutions”, in which he suggested that the entrenched interes (...)

Geographic Dimension to Explain Disruptive Innovation in Emerging Countries

Disruptive Innovation in Emerging Countries
In the past, it was generally thought that the Western countries were the main sources of innovation while developing co (...)
Fuentes de Información

Regístrate

Varias fuentes de información sobre Innovación Disruptiva. Aquí encontrará powerpoints, videos, noticias, etc. para usar en sus propias conferencias y talleres.


Asymmetric Innovation

Challenger or latecomer firms
Presentation by Chris Wu on Asymmetric Innovation. The core concept of his new book steps from Clayton's Innovator's Sol (...)

Disruptive Technologies

Emergence of Competition
Ron Adner and Peter B. Zemsky formalize the phenomenon of disruptive technologies that initially serve isolated market n (...)

Introduction to Innovation and Disruptive Technologies

Innovation Management, Innovation Strategy
This presentations is an introduction into the concepts of Innovations and Disruptive Technologies. The following sectio (...)

Explained: How can Innovative Players Beat Large, Established Firms?

Disruptive Innovation, Innovation Strategy, Competition, Innovators Dilemma, Market Segmentation, Sustaining Innovation
How is it possible that small entrants with limited resources can successfully compete with large, established firms tha (...)

Prof. Clay Christensen Explains Disruptive Innovation

Innovation Strategy, Strategic Marketing, Research and Development, Strategic Vision
According to Professor Clay Christensen, a "disruptive innovation" is NOT a breakthrough innovation that makes good prod (...)

Design Thinking for Innovation

Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Design Thinking, CSR, Social Entrepreneurship, Social Innovation
This presentation is about design thinking and the connection to social entrepreneurship. The presentation includes the (...)

Disruptive Innovation: Why Market Leaders Fail

Disruptive Innovation, Innovation Strategy, Strategic Innovation, Product Development, Disruptive Technology
In this animated video Prof. Robert Perrons explains Prof. Clayton Christensen`s Theory of Disruptive Technologies and h (...)

Strategic Innovation Leadership

Leadership, Strategic Leadership, Innovation Management
Presentation about Strategic Innovation Leadership that includes the following sections: 1. Strategic Innovation Leader (...)

Distinctive vs. Dynamic Capabilities

Inside-out Business Strategy
In this presentation it is about Distinctive Capabilities and Dynamic Capabilities. Distinctive Capabilities are present (...)

Disruptive Innovation Diagram

Innovation Management
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in (...)

Enlaces de Investigación

Regístrate

Salte automáticamente a otras fuentes útiles relacionadas con Innovación Disruptiva.


Noticias Vídeos Presentaciones Libros Más

Noticias

Vídeos

Presentaciones

Libros

Más


Compare Innovación Disruptiva con:  Ciclo de Vida del Producto  |  Doce Principios de la Economía de la Red  |  Modelo de Difusión de Bass  |  Diez Escuelas de Pensamiento Estratégico  |  Estrategia Océano Azul  |  Posicionamiento  |  Teoría de la Difusión de Innovaciones  |  Mezcla de Mercadotecnia  |  Olvidar, Tomar Prestado y Aprender  |  Cuatro Trayectorias de Cambio de la Industria  |  Co-Creación  |  Definición Tridimensional del Negocio


Vuelva a la página principal de Administración: Cambio y Organización  |  Marketing  |  Estrategía


Más Métodos, Modelos y Teoría de la Administración

Grupo de Interés Especial

¿Está interesado en Innovación Disruptiva? Inscríbete gratis

Notifica a tus alumnos

Copie esto en sus materiales de estudio:

y agregue un hipervínculo a:

Enlace a este centro de conocimiento

Copie este código HTML en su sitio web:

 


Acerca de 12manage | Publicidad | Enlace a nosotros / Citarnos | Privacidad | Sugerencias | Términos del Servicio
© 2021 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.8 – Última actualización: 11-5-2021. Todos los nombres ™ de suspropietarios.