Extended Marketing Mix (Расширенный Маркетинг-микс)
(7-Ps)

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Резюме

7-Ps или Extended Marketing Mix (Расширенный Маркетинг-микс) Booms и Bitner один из инструментов маркетинговой стратегии, который расширяет число контролируемых переменных от 4 в первоначальной модели Marketing Mix (Маркетинг-микс) до 7.


Применение Extended Marketing Mix (Расширенный Маркетинг-микс)

Традиционная модель Маркетинг-микс была, главным образом, ориентирована на и полезна для материальных продуктов. Модель 7-Ps более полезна для сферы услуг и, вероятно, также для наукоемких отраслей.


3 дополнительных P

Booms и Bitner's добавили 3 дополнительные P к первоначальному маркетинг-микс:

  1. Люди (People): Все люди, прямо или косвенно задействованные в процессе потребления сервисных услуг, важная составляющая часть расширенного маркетинг-микс. Cпециалисты в области анализа и обработки информации, сотрудники, менеджмент и другие потребители часто добавляют значительную потребительскую ценность к общему продукту или сервисному предложению.
  2. Процесс (Process): Процедура, механизмы и последовательность операций в процессе потребления сервисных услуг (процессы управления клиентом) - необходимые элементы маркетинговой стратегии.
  3. Физическое основание (Physical Evidence): Способность и среда предоставления сервисных услуг. Как материальных товаров, которые способствуют коммуникации и выполнению услуг, так и нематериального опыта существующих клиентов и способность бизнеса экстраполировать потребительскую удовлетворенность на потенциальных клиентов.

Первые два дополнительные P очевидны (Люди, Процесс), третье (Физическое основание) является подразумеваемым фактором.


Booms и Bitner также допускают, что Место (Place) в компании, ориентированной на сервис, включает доступность сервисных услуг, а Продвижение (Promotion) в компании, ориентированной на сервис, включает вклад персонала по работе с клиентами.


Книга: Nirmalya Kumar - Marketing As Strategy

Книга: David A. Aaker - Strategic Marketing Management


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Сравните с Extended Marketing Mix (Расширенный Маркетинг-микс) (7-Ps): Marketing Mix (Маркетинг-микс) (4-Ps)  |  Relationship Marketing (Маркетинг, ориентированный на взаимоотношения)  |  Ansoff  |  Porter  |  BCG Matrix (Матрица BCG)  |  Positioning (Позиционирование)  |  Co-Creation (Co-создание)  |  3C's  |  4S Web Marketing Mix (4S Веб-маркетинг микс)


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