Change Model[变革模型] (Beckhard)
Change Equation[变革平衡公式] (Beckhard)

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总结

变革平衡公式(Change Equation), 亦称作为变革公式(Change Formula)、变革模型(Change Model),是由Richard Beckhard和Reuben T Harris二人在David Gleicher的研究基础上共同提出的(1987), 一个简单有效的管理工具,用以迅速获取对组织变革可能性及变革条件的直观印象。


Beckhard Change Model[变革模型]公式等式组织发展的里程碑

从历史角度来看,变革平衡公式完全可以被视作为组织发展研究领域的一个里程碑。 组织顺应着管理者的需求,随着时间推移,在不断向前发展。 现在,管理者所希望的组织发展,不仅仅着眼于组织目标的实现,而且还期望员工的积极参与, 管理者已经深刻理解到了员工参与与组织成功之间的紧密关系。
 

员工参与

鼓励员工参与组织变革,调用组织内部或外部力量处理变革引发的各种反应,这些变化代表了管理理论、管理思想的变迁。如泰勒的科学管理理论(即众所周知的“泰勒制”), 这种“命令-控制管理法”在管理者与员工之间划出了一条清晰的界线, 它的潜藏思想就是“管理者管人,工人受管于人”。 泰勒制是时代的产物,在工会盛行、流水线备受倚重的工业化时代,严格的管理控制是必须的。

在组织心理学和组织动力学不断发展的过程中,泰勒制最终被人际关系理论所代替,这一变迁为员工参与、员工利益以及员工激励的研究与实践扫清了道路。
 

变革平衡公式

变革模型的平衡公式为:


D x V x F > R

 

=

 

Dissatisfaction x Vision x First Steps > Resistance to Change ( 不满情绪 x 变革愿景 x 初步实践 > 变革阻力)


战胜变革阻力的三个要素

变革平衡公式可以帮组我们把握战胜变革阻力必备的三个要素:

  • 对当前形势状况的不满;
  • 对组织未来愿景的期望;
  • 迈向愿景的努力初步实现。

如果上述三项要素有一项为零或者接近零的话,三者之和也将为零或者接近零,此时,变革阻力将占据上风。


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Alternate Systemic Change Equation
I propose an alternative model of formula of the success of systemic change as:

Ssc = CML/PML > CR - (f C+Ew (...)
10
 
4条评论
Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate crisis. (...)
8
 
Adjusted Change Equation Model
I have always adapted this model as follows, which makes it more useful and clear:
D x G x Ps x S > R, or:
Dis (...)
4
 
1条评论
Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change motion without force. So without some first steps no change can happe (...)
4
 
The Three A's of Change Management
Whatever the nature of change it always follows a three step process:

Awareness ⇒ Acceptance ⇒ A (...)
3
 
1条评论
Application of Change Equation
I am looking for ideas on how the change equation model can be applied in an organization of more than 500 employees. Ho (...)
3
 
1条评论
Isn't the Will to Change the Most Important Change Factor?
Is it true that there are several factors involved in change, but the WILL (to change) is the key? (...)
3
 

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Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives
Organizational change is often difficult to achieve because it disturbs the hierarchical structures and the way to accom (...)

Leadership Strategies for Change

Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Blanchard Leading Through (...)

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

Conditions to Change an Organization
I have added a C to the model for Confidence and/or perceived Competence. One needs to believe that the change is possib (...)

What Change Agents Should I Use?

Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management
When choosing between internal or external change agents, organizations should consider following advantages and disadva (...)

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organizations Capacity for Change

Leading Change
In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization Stewardship for Leading Change", James Edwin Kee and Kat (...)

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

Change Management
In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin identified three phases/stages of change that are still the basis of (...)

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

Change Management, Strategic Change, Resistance to CHange, Strategy Implementation
Speculand (2009) suggests six mind shifts that people should consider when they're implementing new strategies in organi (...)

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

Preparing Strategic Change
If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how: - Why do we want to change? - (...)

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework of seven Cs that c (...)

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen (...)

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

Communicating Strategic Change
In management literature the role of the CEO in formulating and implementing strategic change has often been emphasized. (...)
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The Nature and Complexity of Organizational Change

Change Management, Organizational Change
Presentation about organizational change. The presentation discusses and highlights the complexity and multi-dimensional (...)

Effective Change Leadership and Management: Principles, Frameworks and Tools

Change Management, Change Leadership
Comprehensive presentation on leadership and management in a change context. 1. Introduction and Overview 2. What is t (...)

Resistance to Change and Its Management

Change Management, Resistance to Change, Change Resistance
This presentation focuses on a specific dimension of change management, namely the management of resistance to change of (...)

Dealing with Resistance to Change

Change Management, Resistance to Change
This presentation focuses on resistance to change and ways to overcome or prevent it. The presentation has good graphics (...)

What is Change Management?

Initial Understanding of Change Management
In this video Elissa Farrow from About Your Transition explains the relatively new concept of Organizational Change Mana (...)

Tips for Successful Change Management

Initial Understanding of How to Manage Change Successfully
Gavin Wedell explains that to change one's organization, one must change one's inner being. In today's world market con (...)

Managing Organizational Change

Change Management, Leading Change, Organizational Development
This is a presentation about the ways to manage change. The presentation includes the following sections: 1. Introducti (...)

Dealing with Strong Resisters

Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop
Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing with "No, No, People" (strong resisters in change initiatives). Acco (...)

Evaluating Organizational Change: Approaches, Reasons, Types and Processes

Change Management, Success of Organizational Change, Organizational Learning
This presentation elaborates on how to evaluate organizational change. The presentation includes the main known approach (...)

22 Best Practices in Change Management

Change Management, Organizational Change
Presentation starts with short introduction of managing organizational change and then outlines 22 best practices in cha (...)

The Importance of Adapting to Change

Change Management, Need to Change, Change Management
Dave Weber reveals that Charles Darwin never said that the strongest of the species survives. What he actually said was (...)

Change Equation Diagram

Overcoming Resistance to Change
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in (...)

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