Change Model[变革模型] (Beckhard)
Change Equation[变革平衡公式] (Beckhard)



迅速获取对组织变革可能性及变革条件的直观印象。 BeckhardHarris的Change Equation[变革平衡公式]解析。 (‘87)



变革平衡公式(Change Equation), 亦称作为变革公式(Change Formula)、变革模型(Change Model),是由Richard Beckhard和Reuben T Harris二人在David Gleicher的研究基础上共同提出的(1987), 一个简单有效的管理工具,用以迅速获取对组织变革可能性及变革条件的直观印象。

Beckhard Change Model[变革模型]公式等式组织发展的里程碑

从历史角度来看,变革平衡公式完全可以被视作为组织发展研究领域的一个里程碑。 组织顺应着管理者的需求,随着时间推移,在不断向前发展。 现在,管理者所希望的组织发展,不仅仅着眼于组织目标的实现,而且还期望员工的积极参与, 管理者已经深刻理解到了员工参与与组织成功之间的紧密关系。


鼓励员工参与组织变革,调用组织内部或外部力量处理变革引发的各种反应,这些变化代表了管理理论、管理思想的变迁。如泰勒的科学管理理论(即众所周知的“泰勒制”), 这种“命令-控制管理法”在管理者与员工之间划出了一条清晰的界线, 它的潜藏思想就是“管理者管人,工人受管于人”。 泰勒制是时代的产物,在工会盛行、流水线备受倚重的工业化时代,严格的管理控制是必须的。




D x V x F > R




Dissatisfaction x Vision x First Steps > Resistance to Change ( 不满情绪 x 变革愿景 x 初步实践 > 变革阻力)



  • 对当前形势状况的不满;
  • 对组织未来愿景的期望;
  • 迈向愿景的努力初步实现。


变革平衡公式 小组

小组 (4名成员)



  Alternate Systemic Change Equation
I propose an alternative model of formula of the success of systemic change as:

Ssc = CML/PML > CR - (f C+Ews)

Ssc =...
  Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate crisis....
  Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change motion without force. So without some first steps no change can happen.
- The first steps are ...
  The Three A's of Change Management
Whatever the nature of change it always follows a three step process:

Awareness ⇒ Acceptance ⇒ Action.

  Adjusted Change Equation Model
I have always adapted this model as follows, which makes it more useful and clear:
D x G x Ps x S > R, or:
Dissatisfaction x Goal x Practica...
  Application of Change Equation
I am looking for ideas on how the change equation model can be applied in an organization of more than 500 employees. How does it work practically? An...
  List of Reasons for Change
Management is continually challenged to re-invent itself, if not for the organization at large, then for itself, as a means of fighting complacency an...
  Most Important Change Factor
It is true that there is a dose of many factors involved in change, but the WILL (to change) is the key?...

最佳实践 - 变革平衡公式

Expert Tips (ENG) - Change Equation

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives
Organizational change is often difficult to achieve because it disturbs the hierarchical structures ...

Leadership Strategies for Change

Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Bla...

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

Conditions to Change an Organization
I have added a C to the model for Confidence and/or perceived Competence. One needs to believe th...

What Change Agents Should I Use?

Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management
When choosing between internal or external change agents, organizations should consider follo...

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organizations Capacity for Change

Leading Change
In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization Stewardship for Leading Change", Jam...

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

Change Management
In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin identified three phases/stages of change that are...

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

Change Management, Strategic Change, Resistance to CHange, Strategy Implementation
Speculand (2009) suggests six mind shifts that people should consider when they're implementing new ...

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

Preparing Strategic Change
If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how:
- W...

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework...

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-...

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

Communicating Strategic Change
In management literature the role of the CEO in formulating and implementing strategic change has of...

相关资料 - 变革平衡公式

















比较: DICE Framework[DICE架构]  |  Forget Borrow Learn[遗忘借用学习法]  |  Changing Organization Cultures[组织文化变革法]  |  Appreciative Inquiry[肯定式探询]  |  Positive Deviance[正向偏差]  |  RACI[RACI模型]  |  Change Management Iceberg[变革管理冰山]  |  Change Phases[变革阶段]  |  Force Field Analysis[力场分析法]  |  Theory of Planned Behavior[计划行为理论]  |  Business Process Reengineering[业务流程重组]  |  Kaizen[改善]  |  Dimensions of Change[变革尺度]  |  Seven Habits[七个习惯]

返回到分类主页: 变革与组织  |  人力资源管理  |  领导力  |  计划与项目管理


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