Change Model (Beckhard)
Change Equation

Knowledge Center

   

Getting a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization. Explanation of Change Equation of Beckhard and Harris. ('87)

Contents

Premium

The Change Model (also: Change Formula, Change Equation) of Richard Beckhard and Reuben T. Harris (1987) is actually attributed by them to  David Gleicher. It is a simple yet powerful tool that gives you a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization.


Beckhard Change Model Formula EquationA milestone in Organizational Development

Historically, the Change Equation can be seen as a major milestone for the field of Organizational Development. Organization Development has expanded gradually over time, in response to the needs of employers. These employers not only want to move their organizations forward in terms of business objectives, but also in terms of employee engagement. Today's employers understand the connection between employee involvement and organizational success.
 

Employee involvement

The move to employee involvement in change, and the use of internal or external consultants to manage reactions to change, represents a shift in thinking from earlier management theory, such as Frederick Winslow Taylor's scientific management approach, which became known as Taylorism. This "command-and-control" approach drew a sharp line between managers and employees. The underlying philosophy was that "workers work, and managers think." Taylor's method was a reflection of the times, i.e., the industrial age with its factories unions, and assembly lines - environments that needed tight management control.

Taylor's view was eventually complemented (replaced) by the human relations movement, as organizational psychology and group dynamics evolved, paving the way for more worker involvement and benefits, and the theory of worker motivation.
 

Formula of the Change Equation

The Change Model Formula (Change Equation) is:


D  x  V  x  F  >  R

 

=

 

Dissatisfaction  x  Vision  x  First Steps  >  Resistance to Change


Three components of overcoming resistance

The Change Equation can help one understand that all three components must be present to overcome the resistance to change in an organization:

  • Dissatisfaction with the present situation,
  • Vision of what is possible in the future, and
  • Achievable first steps towards reaching this vision.

If any of the three is zero or near zero, the product will also be zero or near zero and the resistance to change will dominate.


Change Equation Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group (46 members)


Change Equation Forum  

Recent topics

  Alternate Systemic Change Equation
I propose an alternative model of formula of the success of systemic change as:

Ssc = CML/PML > CR - (f C+Ews)

Ssc =...
     
 
  The Three A's of Change Management
Whatever the nature of change it always follows a three step process:

Awareness ⇒ Acceptance ⇒ Action.

Understandin...
     
 
  Application of Change Equation
I am looking for ideas on how the change equation model can be applied in an organization of more than 500 employees. How does it work practically? An...
     
 

Best Practices - Change Equation
  Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate crisis....
     
 
  Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change motion without force. So without some first steps no change can happen.
- The first steps are ...
     
 
  Adjusted Change Equation Model
I have always adapted this model as follows, which makes it more useful and clear:
D x G x Ps x S > R, or:
Dissatisfaction x Goal x Practica...
     
 



All you need to know about management


  List of Reasons for Change
Management is continually challenged to re-invent itself, if not for the organization at large, then for itself, as a means of fighting complacency an...
     
 
  Most Important Change Factor
It is true that there is a dose of many factors involved in change, but the WILL (to change) is the key?...
     
 

Expert Tips - Change Equation
 

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

 
 
 

Leadership Strategies for Change

 
 
 

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

 
 
 

What Change Agents Should I Use?

 
 
 

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organization’s Capacity for Change

 
 
 

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

 
 
 

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

 
 
 

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

 
 
 

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

 
 
 

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

 
 
 

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

 
 



Advance yourself in business administration and management



Resources - Change Equation

The Nature and Complexity of Organizational Change

 

Effective Change Leadership and Management: Principles, Frameworks and Tools

 

Resistance to Change and Its Management

 

Dealing with Resistance to Change

 

What is Change Management?

 

Managing Organizational Change

 

22 Best Practices in Change Management

 

Dealing with Strong Resisters

 

Evaluating Organizational Change: Approaches, Reasons, Types and Processes

 

Tips for Successful Change Management

 

The Importance of Adapting to Change

 

Change Equation Diagram

 
 

News about Change Equation


     
 

News about Change Resistance


     
 

Videos about Change Equation


     
 

Videos about Change Resistance


     
 

Presentations about Change Equation


     
 

Presentations about Change Resistance


     
 

Books about Change Equation


     
 

Books about Change Resistance


     
 

More about Change Equation


     
 

More about Change Resistance


     



Accelerate your management career



Compare with the Change Model Formula: DICE Framework  |  Forget Borrow Learn  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  RACI  |  Change Iceberg  |  Change Phases  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Planned Behavior  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Kaizen  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Seven Habits


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership  |  Program & Project Management


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

 


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
© 2018 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.0 - Last updated: 13-11-2018. All names ™ of their owners.