Change Model (Beckhard)
Change Equation

Knowledge Center



Summary, forum, best practices, expert tips and information sources.


Summary

The Change Model (also: Change Formula, Change Equation) of Richard Beckhard and Reuben T. Harris (1987) is actually attributed by them to  David Gleicher. It is a simple yet powerful tool that gives you a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization.


Beckhard Change Model Formula EquationA milestone in Organizational Development

Historically, the Change Equation can be seen as a major milestone for the field of Organizational Development. Organization Development has expanded gradually over time, in response to the needs of employers. These employers not only want to move their organizations forward in terms of business objectives, but also in terms of employee engagement. Today's employers understand the connection between employee involvement and organizational success.
 

Employee involvement

The move to employee involvement in change, and the use of internal or external consultants to manage reactions to change, represents a shift in thinking from earlier management theory, such as Frederick Winslow Taylor's scientific management approach, which became known as Taylorism. This "command-and-control" approach drew a sharp line between managers and employees. The underlying philosophy was that "workers work, and managers think." Taylor's method was a reflection of the times, i.e., the industrial age with its factories unions, and assembly lines - environments that needed tight management control.

Taylor's view was eventually complemented (replaced) by the human relations movement, as organizational psychology and group dynamics evolved, paving the way for more worker involvement and benefits, and the theory of worker motivation.
 

Formula of the Change Equation

The Change Model Formula (Change Equation) is:


D  x  V  x  F  >  R

 

=

 

Dissatisfaction  x  Vision  x  First Steps  >  Resistance to Change


Three components of overcoming resistance

The Change Equation can help one understand that all three components must be present to overcome the resistance to change in an organization:

  • Dissatisfaction with the present situation,
  • Vision of what is possible in the future, and
  • Achievable first steps towards reaching this vision.

If any of the three is zero or near zero, the product will also be zero or near zero and the resistance to change will dominate.


Special Interest Group

Join

Change Factors Special Interest Group.



Special Interest Group (53 members)

Forum

New Topic

Forum about Change Factors.


Alternate Systemic Change Equation
I propose an alternative model of formula of the success of systemic change as:
Ssc = CML/PML > CR - (f C+Ew (...)
10
 
4 reactions
Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate crisis. (...)
8
 
0 reactions
Adjusted Change Equation Model
I have always adapted this model as follows, which makes it more useful and clear: D x G x Ps x S > R, or: Dissatisfac (...)
4
 
1 reactions
Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change motion without force. So without some first steps no change can happe (...)
4
 
0 reactions
🔥 NEW The Three A's of Change Management
Whatever the nature of change it always follows a three step process: Awareness ⇒ Acceptance ⇒ Action. (...)
3
 
1 reactions
Application of Change Equation
I am looking for ideas on how the change equation model can be applied in an organization of more than 500 employees. Ho (...)
3
 
1 reactions
Isn't the Will to Change the Most Important Change Factor?
Is it true that there are several factors involved in change, but the WILL (to change) is the key? (...)
3
 
0 reactions
Best Practices

Sign up

The top-rated topics about Change Factors. Here you will find the most valuable ideas and practical suggestions.


Expert Tips

Sign up

Advanced insights about Change Factors. Here you will find professional advices by experts.


Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives
Organizational change is often difficult to achieve because it disturbs the hierarchical structures and the way to accom (...)

Leadership Strategies for Change

Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
In response to the high rate of change failure, Ken Blanchard and his team have developed the Blanchard Leading Through (...)

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

Conditions to Change an Organization
I have added a C to the model for Confidence and/or perceived Competence. One needs to believe that the change is possib (...)

What Change Agents Should I Use?

Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management
When choosing between internal or external change agents, organizations should consider following advantages and disadva (...)

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organization’s Capacity for Change

Leading Change
In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit Organization – Stewardship for Leading Change", James Edwin Kee and Kat (...)

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

Change Management
In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin identified three phases/stages of change that are still the basis of (...)

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

Change Management, Strategic Change, Resistance to CHange, Strategy Implementation
Speculand (2009) suggests six mind shifts that people should consider when they're implementing new strategies in organi (...)

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

Preparing Strategic Change
If we need to change strategically, we need to think about why, what, when, who and how: - Why do we want to change? - (...)

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace Complex Change", Brimm (2015) provides a framework of seven C’s that c (...)

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "non-routines" or innovations. According to him, non-routines can be seen (...)

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

Communicating Strategic Change
In management literature the role of the CEO in formulating and implementing strategic change has often been emphasized. (...)
Information Sources

Sign up

Various sources of information regarding Change Factors. Here you will find powerpoints, videos, news, etc. to use in your own lectures and workshops.


The Nature and Complexity of Organizational Change

Change Management, Organizational Change
Presentation about organizational change. The presentation discusses and highlights the complexity and multi-dimensional (...)

Effective Change Leadership and Management: Principles, Frameworks and Tools

Change Management, Change Leadership
Comprehensive presentation on leadership and management in a change context. 1. Introduction and Overview 2. What is t (...)

Resistance to Change and Its Management

Change Management, Resistance to Change, Change Resistance
This presentation focuses on a specific dimension of change management, namely the management of resistance to change of (...)

Dealing with Resistance to Change

Change Management, Resistance to Change
This presentation focuses on resistance to change and ways to overcome or prevent it. The presentation has good graphics (...)

What is Change Management?

Initial Understanding of Change Management
In this video Elissa Farrow from About Your Transition explains the relatively new concept of Organizational Change Mana (...)

Tips for Successful Change Management

Initial Understanding of How to Manage Change Successfully
Gavin Wedell explains that to change one's organization, one must change one's inner being. In today's world market con (...)

Managing Organizational Change

Change Management, Leading Change, Organizational Development
This is a presentation about the ways to manage change. The presentation includes the following sections: 1. Introducti (...)

22 Best Practices in Change Management

Change Management, Organizational Change
Presentation starts with short introduction of managing organizational change and then outlines 22 best practices in cha (...)

Dealing with Strong Resisters

Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop
Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing with "No, No, People" (strong resisters in change initiatives). Acco (...)

Evaluating Organizational Change: Approaches, Reasons, Types and Processes

Change Management, Success of Organizational Change, Organizational Learning
This presentation elaborates on how to evaluate organizational change. The presentation includes the main known approach (...)

The Importance of Adapting to Change

Change Management, Need to Change, Change Management
Dave Weber reveals that Charles Darwin never said that the strongest of the species survives. What he actually said was (...)

Change Equation Diagram

Overcoming Resistance to Change
Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in (...)
NewsVideosPresentationsBooksMore

Compare with the Change Model Formula: DICE Framework  |  Forget Borrow Learn  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  RACI  |  Change Iceberg  |  Change Phases  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Planned Behavior  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Kaizen  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Seven Habits


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership  |  Program & Project Management


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group

Are you interested in Change Factors? Sign up for free

Notify your students

Copy this into your study materials:

and add a hyperlink to:

Link to this knowledge center

Copy this HTML code to your web site:

 


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
© 2021 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.7 - Last updated: 15-1-2021. All names ™ of their owners.