Change Model (Beckhard)
Change Equation

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Getting a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization. Explanation of Change Equation of Beckhard and Harris. ('87)

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The Change Model (also: Change Formula, Change Equation) of Richard Beckhard and Reuben T. Harris (1987) is actually attributed by them to  David Gleicher. It is a simple yet powerful tool that gives you a quick, first impression of the possibilities and conditions to change an organization.


Beckhard Change Model Formula EquationA milestone in Organizational Development

Historically, the Change Equation can be seen as a major milestone for the field of Organizational Development. Organization Development has expanded gradually over time, in response to the needs of employers. These employers not only want to move their organizations forward in terms of business objectives, but also in terms of employee engagement. Today's employers understand the connection between employee involvement and organizational success.
 

Employee involvement

The move to employee involvement in change, and the use of internal or external consultants to manage reactions to change, represents a shift in thinking from earlier management theory, such as Frederick Winslow Taylor's scientific management approach, which became known as Taylorism. This "command-and-control" approach drew a sharp line between managers and employees. The underlying philosophy was that "workers work, and managers think." Taylor's method was a reflection of the times, i.e., the industrial age with its factories unions, and assembly lines - environments that needed tight management control.

Taylor's view was eventually complemented (replaced) by the human relations movement, as organizational psychology and group dynamics evolved, paving the way for more worker involvement and benefits, and the theory of worker motivation.
 

Formula of the Change Equation

The Change Model Formula (Change Equation) is:


D  x  V  x  F  >  R

 

=

 

Dissatisfaction  x  Vision  x  First Steps  >  Resistance to Change


Three components of overcoming resistance

The Change Equation can help one understand that all three components must be present to overcome the resistance to change in an organization:

  • Dissatisfaction with the present situation,
  • Vision of what is possible in the future, and
  • Achievable first steps towards reaching this vision.

If any of the three is zero or near zero, the product will also be zero or near zero and the resistance to change will dominate.


Change Equation Forum
  The Three A's of Change Management
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  Application of Change Equation
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  Alternate Systemic Change Equation
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  Adjusted Change Equation Model
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  Most Important Change Factor
It is true that there is a dose of many factors in...
     
 
  List of Reasons for Change
Management is continually challenged to re-invent ...
     
 
  Newton's Laws Revisited
Newton's first law states: an item will not change...
     
 
  Crisis is Strong Dissatisfaction
One strong form of dissatisfaction is a corporate ...
     
 

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Best Practices - Change Equation Premium

Expert Tips - Change Equation Premium
 

Personal Networks of Successful Change Agents

Organizational change is often difficult to achiev...
Usage (application): Leading Major and Minor Change Initiatives
 
 
 

Leadership Strategies for Change

In response to the high rate of change failure, Ke...
Usage (application): Initiate, implement, develop and sustain change
 
 
 

Add a C to the Change Equation for Confidence / Competence

I have added a C to the model for Confidence and/o...
Usage (application): Conditions to Change an Organization
 
 
 

What Change Agents Should I Use?

When choosing between internal or external chan...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change, Turnaround Management
 
 
 

Assessing the Risks of Change and the Organizationís Capacity for Change

In their book "Transforming Public and Nonprofit O...
Usage (application): Leading Change
 
 
 

Unfreezing, Moving, Freezing

In the early 20th century, psychologist Kurt Lewin...
Usage (application): Change Management
 
 
 

Six Crucial Mind Shifts for Strategy Execution / Implementation

Speculand (2009) suggests six mind shifts that peo...
Usage (application): Change Management, Strategic Change, Resistance to CHange, Strategy Implementation
 
 
 

Strategic Change: Why, What, When, Who and How

If we need to change strategically, we need to thi...
Usage (application): Preparing Strategic Change
 
 
 

The 7C Framework for Successful Personal and Professional Change

In the article 'Managing Yourself: How to Embrace ...
Usage (application): Personal Change, Professional Change, Personal Transition, Professional Transition, Embracing Change
 
 
 

A Closer Look at How Change and Innovation Decisions are Made

Kim, T (2015) elaborates on decision making on "no...
Usage (application): Decision-making on Organizational Change, Innovation Decision-making, Contingent, Participative Decision-making
 
 
 

The Role of the CEO in Strategic Change Initiation

In management literature the role of the CEO in fo...
Usage (application): Communicating Strategic Change
 
 

Resources - Change Equation Premium

The Nature and Complexity of Organizational Change

Presentation about organizational change. The pres...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change
 

Effective Change Leadership and Management: Principles, Frameworks and Tools

Comprehensive presentation on leadership and manag...
Usage (application): Change Management, Change Leadership
 

Resistance to Change and Its Management

This presentation focuses on a specific dimension ...
Usage (application): Change Management, Resistance to Change, Change Resistance
 

Dealing with Resistance to Change

This presentation focuses on resistance to change ...
Usage (application): Change Management, Resistance to Change
 

What is Change Management?

In this video Elissa Farrow from About Your Transi...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of Change Management
 

Managing Organizational Change

This is a presentation about the ways to manage ch...
Usage (application): Change Management, Leading Change, Organizational Development
 

22 Best Practices in Change Management

Presentation starts with short introduction of man...
Usage (application): Change Management, Organizational Change
 

Dealing with Strong Resisters

Dr. John Kotter gives remarkable advice on dealing...
Usage (application): Dealing with Resistance to Change, Change Management, Training, Workshop
 

Evaluating Organizational Change: Approaches, Reasons, Types and Processes

This presentation elaborates on how to evaluate or...
Usage (application): Change Management, Success of Organizational Change, Organizational Learning
 

Tips for Successful Change Management

Gavin Wedell explains that to change one's organiz...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of How to Manage Change Successfully
 

The Importance of Adapting to Change

Dave Weber reveals that Charles Darwin never said ...
Usage (application): Change Management, Need to Change, Change Management
 

Change Equation Diagram

Download and edit this 12manage PowerPoint graphic...
Usage (application): Overcoming Resistance to Change
 
 

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News about Change Resistance


     
 

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Videos about Change Resistance


     
 

Presentations about Change Equation


     
 

Presentations about Change Resistance


     
 

More about Change Equation


     
 

More about Change Resistance


     

Compare with the Change Model Formula: DICE Framework  |  Forget Borrow Learn  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  RACI  |  Change Iceberg  |  Change Phases  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Planned Behavior  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Kaizen  |  Dimensions of Change  |  Seven Habits


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership  |  Program & Project Management


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