Theory of Human Needs | Existence - Relatedness - Growth Theory | ERG Theory (Alderfer)

Knowledge Center

   

Human needs that influence worker's behavior. Explanation of ERG Theory of Alderfer. ('69)

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

The ERG Theory of Clayton P. Alderfer is a model that appeared in 1969 in a Psychological Review article entitled "An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human Need". In a reaction to the famous Hierarchy of Needs by Maslow, Alderfer distinguishes three categories of human needs that influence worker's behavior; existence, relatedness and growth.


ERG TheoryThe ERG categories of human needs

These ERG Theory categories are:

  • Existence Needs: physiological and safety needs (such as hunger, thirst and sex). The first two levels of Maslow.
  • Relatedness Needs: social and external esteem (involvement with family, friends, co-workers and employers). The third and fourth levels of Maslow.
  • Growth Needs: internal esteem and self actualization (the desire to be creative, productive and to complete meaningful tasks). Maslow's fourth and fifth levels.

ERG Theory and Maslow

Contrarily to the idea by Maslow that access to the higher levels of his pyramid required satisfaction in the lower level needs, the ERG areas of Alderfer are simultaneous needs.


ERG Theory recognizes that the importance of the three categories may vary for each individual. Managers must recognize that an employee has multiple needs, that must be satisfied simultaneously. According to the ERG theory, if you focus exclusively on one need at a time, this will not effectively motivate.
 

The frustration-regression principle

In addition, the ERG theory acknowledges that if a higher level need remains unfulfilled, the person may regress towards lower level needs, which appear easier to satisfy. This is known as: the frustration-regression principle. This principle impacts workplace motivation. For example, if growth opportunities are not offered to the employees , they may regress towards relatedness needs, and socialize more with co-workers.


If management can recognize these conditions early, steps can be taken to satisfy the frustrated needs until the subordinate is able to pursue growth again.


Book: Clayton P. Alderfer - Existence, Relatedness, and Growth; Human Needs in Organizational Settings -


ERG Theory Forum
  Assessing Alderfer's ERG Theory: Correlation vs. Causal Relationship
In assessing the ERG theory of Alderfer, the main ...
     
 

ERG Theory Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

ERG Theory Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Best Practices - ERG Theory Premium

Expert Tips - ERG Theory Premium
 

Drivers and Levers of Employees

In their 2002 book "Driven: How Human Nature Shape...
Usage (application): Improving Employee Motivation
 
 
 

Differences Between Maslow's Hierarchy and Alderfer's ERG Theory

The 4 main differences between the theories by Mas...
Usage (application): Understanding Human Needs, Teaching
 
 
 

Classifications of Human Needs (Employees, Consumers)

One of possible ways to classify human (employee, ...
Usage (application): Motivation, Marketing, Human Needs
 
 
 

Family-Work Conflicts (FWC) and Daily Job Performance

FAMILY ROLES and WORK are two factors influencing ...
Usage (application): Family-work conflicts, Coaching, Mentoring, Job Performance
 
 
 

Try This Useful ERG-Exercise

- What are currently your own most important needs...
Usage (application): Understanding ERG
 
 

Resources - ERG Theory Premium

Human Motivation

Comprehesive presentation on Human / Employee Moti...
Usage (application): Employee Motivation
 

Overview of Content and Process Motivation Theories

Overview presentation of the major content moti...
Usage (application): Motivation, Needs, Incentives, Goal Setting, Behavior
 

NLP: The 6 Neurological Levels

Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) is used increas...
Usage (application): 6 layers to view at the reality of a person or issue
 

ERG Theory Diagram

Download and edit the 12manage PowerPoint model fo...
Usage (application): Employee Satisfaction / Frustration
 
 

News about Erg Theory


     
 

News about Employee Motivation


     
 

Videos about Erg Theory


     
 

Videos about Employee Motivation


     
 

Presentations about Erg Theory


     
 

Presentations about Employee Motivation


     
 

More about Erg Theory


     
 

More about Employee Motivation


     

Compare Theory of Human Needs | Existence - Relatedness - Growth Theory | ERG Theory (Alderfer) with: Hierarchy of Needs  |  Theory of Needs  |  Herzberg Two Factor Theory  |  4 Dimensions of Relational Work  |  Emotional Intelligence  |  Expectancy Theory  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Cultural Dimensions  |  Hawthorne Effect  |  Customer Satisfaction Model Kano  |  Coaching  |  Mentoring


Return to Management Hub: Communication & Skills  |  Ethics & Responsibility  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2017 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 20-10-2017. All names tm by their owners.