7-S架构 (麦肯锡)

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总结

什么是7S架构? 释义

麦肯锡的7S架构是一个非常著名的管理模型,它提出了全面、高效考虑公司事务所涉及到的7个要素。 正是这些要素决定了公司的运营方式。 为了确保成功贯彻执行企业战略,管理人员必须通盘考虑这七个要素, 而不论其孰大孰小,孰重孰轻。 因为它们互为依赖,其中的任何一个要素缺少足够的关注,都会对其他要素产生不利影响。 此外,各要素的重要性也会随着时间的变化而发生相对的变化。


7S架构起源 历史

The 7-S Framework was first mentioned in the journal "Business Horizons" in an article "Structure Is Not Organization" by Robert H. Waterman, Thomas J. Peters and Julien R. Phillips in June 1980. It appeared also in "In Search of Excellence" by Peters and Waterman, and was taken up as a basic tool by the global management consultancy company McKinsey. Since then it is known as their 7-S model.


7S的含义

 

麦肯锡7-S Framework[7-S架构]共同价值/首要目标(Shared Values/Superordinate Goals

麦肯锡7S模型的核心即为: 共同价值。 如组织赖以构筑的基础是什么,组织的信仰和态度又是什么。 比较: Strategic Intent[战略意图]


战略(Strategy

对企业稀缺资源进行配置的规划,以满足企业不同时期的发展需求,实现企业既定的发展目标。 环境,竞争,客户。
 

结构(Structure)。

一个组织内部各部门的联系形式: 集中化、功能化形式(自上而下)、 去中心化形式、 矩阵、网络化形式,等等。


系统(System

组织各项任务的运作流程与操作程序: 财务系统、 招聘、晋升及绩效评估系统、 信息系统。
 

员工(Staff

组织内员工数量、员工类型。
 

风格(Style

组织的Cultural Style[文化风格],以及管理人员的工作风格。 比较: Management Styles[管理风格]
 

才能(Skills

员工的个人能力,或组织作为整体所反映出来的独特能力。 比较: Core Competences[核心竞争力]


7S模型的优势 优点

  • 对效率低下组织来说,7S模型是一个非常有效的诊断工具。
  • 指导组织变革。
  • 将理性的“硬”要素与感性的“软”要素有机结合了起来。
  • 管理人员在运用7S模型时,必须做到7S相互平行、相互关联。

参考书: Ethan M. Rasiel, Paul N. Friga - The McKinsey Mind: Understanding and Implementing the Problem Solving Tools and Management Techniques [中译本《麦肯锡意识》,华夏出版社,2002]


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论坛

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7S架构论坛。


🔥 7S生出的领导与管理困惑?
你是如何理解7S架构下的领导(Leadership)与管理(Management)的?经常看到关于领导与管理 (...)
12
 
McKinsey 7S in Fast Changing Environment: A DYNAMIC 7S Model?
Given that the business environment is changing all the time, what are the strengths and weaknesses of using the 7S Mode (...)
16
 
11条评论
Google and its success with 7S
Hi I am a MBA student and I need to write an assignment about Google`s success. How can I explain its success with 7S fr (...)
10
 
1条评论
CDOCi Acronym | CDOCi Tool
You can combine 7S analysis with a method called "CDOCi":
A way of reviewing a strategy or project by getting a tea (...)
10
 
1条评论
The 7 S Model is an Architectural Tool for Strategy and Management
When you analyze the components of the 7 S Model, you can understand that it is a sober meta-model. It is giant, open, f (...)
8
 
4条评论
Applying the 7 S Framework. Implementation
I believe the 7's is very difficult to implement at the ORGANIZATION level. So if we would be able to implement the HARD (...)
8
 
2条评论
McKinsey 7-S Background
I am doing a presentation on the 7-S framework and was wondering if anyone knew the first time it was successfully imple (...)
7
 
1条评论
How to Use the 7S Model in Education?
Does someone have an idea for using this method for universities or schools?
Let's say that the Shared Value is: mo (...)
7
 
7-S within Government
It has come to my attention that the 7-S Model is rarely mentioned in its completeness when strategic session or plannin (...)
6
 
2条评论
Changes in Shared Values and Staff
The values of the organisation may change over time with changes of personnel entering the organisation from the outside (...)
6
 
1条评论
What is the NEW 7S Framework?
The new 7 S-es are:
1. Superior Stakeholder Satisfaction
2. Strategic Foretelling
3. Positioning by Speed (...)
6
 
1条评论
7S X 7S Matrix: Tracking the Mutual Congruency of the 7S Elements
I have used the 7S for organisational assessment and analysis. I used it in a 7x7 matrix to check the S's for coherence (...)
5
 
2条评论
7S model organisational Change Overcoming Barries
How do companies use the 7s model to overcome their barriers while establishing organizational changes? (...)
4
 
Effectiveness of 7 s framework
The model given in 7S framework is so exhaustive that it includes almost all the aspects of the organisation.
- The (...)
3
 
1条评论
Measuring the Scores on each S of the 7S Framework
Hello all, have there been parameters developed to measure and/or track the 7 elements of the McKinsey 7S framework in d (...)
3
 
4条评论
7S Data Collection and Analysis
What are some of your data collection methods for the 7 S model when using it as a diagnostic tool. The questions provid (...)
1
 
3条评论

开始一个新的论坛主题关于7S架构更多资讯

 

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关于7S架构的最高评价的讨论主题。在这里你会找到最有价值的思路和切实可行的建议。


How to Link 7S Model with Leadership and Management
How do you link the 7 s framework with leadership and management. Because when discussing leadership and management most (...)
68
 
5条评论

Why are Shared Values in the Center of 7's?
Why are Shared Values (or Superordinate Goals) in the Center of 7s? Please help me... Thank you..^^. (...)
40
 
11条评论

7S McKinsey for ISO 14001
How is the 7S Model from McKinsey used as framework for ISO 14001 implementation? (...)
37
 
1条评论

Using McKinsey 7-S Model for Organizing Innovation
I am interested in the application of the 7-S model on organizing innovation structurally in a company.
For instanc (...)
30
 
4条评论

Applications of the 7-S Framework
While some models of organizational effectiveness go in and out of fashion, one that has persisted is the McKinsey 7S fr (...)
25
 
5条评论

7 S model in the Post Merger Phase
I'm a Masters student looking at the post merger phase of a university. How can I apply the 7 S model in studying the po (...)
19
 
3条评论

Communication Problems in the 7S Model of McKinsey
How do you link the 7S Model to problems related to communication in a work place? (...)
19
 
1条评论

Limiting choice of 'S' in 7S Framework?
While reading for my management course, I couldn't help but wonder if the choice of an alphabet limits the scope and ske (...)
18
 
5条评论

7-s Model as Basis for a Project Audit
Could McKinsey's 7-s model be used as a standard/norm for auditing control over projects in organizations. Anyone with e (...)
15
 
4条评论

Does the 7-S Model still holds true today?
Does the 7-S Model still holds true in today's business environment? Companies are increasing outsourcing their function (...)
14
 
14条评论

Guiding a Change Program with 7-S Model
How can the 7-S model be used to inform or guide a change program? (...)
13
 
11条评论

Extra S-es in the 7S Framework by McKinsey
I was able to utlize the 7S model very effectively to conduct the assessment of the state of the public health system fo (...)
13
 
3条评论

Involving Staff in 7-S Framework
Implementing the 7-S can be challenging especially without the buying in of staff and management. How can these people b (...)
9
 
4条评论

Competitive Edge with 7S Model?
(How) Can a firm achieve a competitive advantage with the 7S framework?
For me its the shared values and style that (...)
7
 
4条评论

One More S: Solidarity
I think this is a sound model but Solidarity is missing in this model. It should be the 8S model. Solidarity is a concep (...)
5
 
7条评论

专家提示

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关于7-S Framework(英语)的高级见解。在这里,您将找到专家的专业建议。


7S Checklist with Questions for Each S

Firm Analysis, Organizational Analysis
Here's a list of questions you can use to analyze an organization in terms of the 7S Framework: STRATEGY: - What is ou (...)

Categorizing the S-es in McKinsey's 7-S Model

Strategy, Strategic Change, 7S Implementation
The seven S's can be broken down into: - 3 Hard S-es (Strategy, Structure and Systems) which are relatively easy to ide (...)

How to Identify Potential Problem Areas in 7S?

Strategy, Strategic Change, 7S Implementation
You can create a 7S Confrontation Matrix with all 7 S-es listed both horizontally and vertically. In the cells or inters (...)

Improved 8S Framework for Strategy Execution

Strategy, Strategic Change, 7S Implementation
As the business environment becomes more complex and more changeful, James M. Higgins suggests the introduction of the (...)
信息来源

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Original Article Introducing the 7S Framework

History of 7S Framework
The 1980 Business Horizons article "Structure is Not Organization " by Robert H. Waterman, Jr., Thomas J. Peters and Jul (...)

McKinsey's Approach to Problem Solving

Consultancy, Organizational Analysis and Change
Presentation about some of McKinsey's thoughts on problem solving, thereby including the 7S-model of McKinsey. Besides t (...)

7-S Framework

Analyzing the state of an organization
Presentation about the 7S framework. (...)

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比较: Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change[组织绩效与变革因果关系模型]  |  Ashridge Mission Model[Ashridge使命模型]  |  Strategic Alignment[战略策应]  |  McKinsey Matrix[麦肯锡矩阵]


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