Working hard for a raise?

Expectancy Theory
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Expectancy Theory > Best Practices

Jaap de Jonge, Editor, Netherlands
A consequence that should not be overlooked of the formula M = V * E * I is that even if only one of the 3 elements is zero, the resulting Motivation force will also be zero! So if your employee either does not care about obtaining a raise at all (Valence=0) OR believes his hard work will not result in a better performance (Expectancy=0) OR thinks it is very unlikely that the organization will ever appreciate and reward his performance (Instrumentality=0), in any of these 3 cases his motivation force will be zero. (...) Read more? Sign up for free

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Vroom Theory of Motivation

I agree with Editor's observation. The fact that any one element can be zero will result in a Motivational Force of zero. Regardless of choice, motivation, or behavior, management will be unable to align expectations and confidence levels (expectancy), management will be unable to move in a direction of emotional orientation (valence), and/or satisfy individual perceptions surrounding the organization (instrumentality).


Vroom Theory of Motivation

Excellent observation, Editor! Thank you for point (...)

  Inna Borodina, Professor, Russian Federation

Calculating Motivation

To make a forecast: Value area motivation (m): m< (...)

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