All about Expectancy Theory
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Working hard for a raise? Jaap de Jonge, CEO, Netherlands, Editor
A consequence that should not be overlooked of the formula M = V * E * I is that even if only one of the 3 elements is zero, the resulting Motivation force will also be zero!
So if your employee either does not care about obtaining a raise at all (Valence=0) OR believes his hard work will not result in a better performance (Expectancy=0) OR thinks it is very unlikely that the organization will ever appreciate and reward his performance (Instrumentality=0), in any of these 3 cases his motivation force will be zero....




Vroom Theory of Motivation
Mark I agree with Editor's observation. The fact that any one element can be zero will result in a Motivational Force of zero. Regardless of choice, motiva... 



Vroom Theory of Motivation
Dan Excellent observation, Editor! Thank you for pointing out the significance of ensuring all elements of the theory must have a positive natural value i... 



Calculating Motivation
Inna Borodina, Professor, Russian Federation, Member To make a forecast:
Value area motivation (m): m<0 & m >0.
Legacy positives motivation (m+) and negatives motivation (m).
Set absolu... 





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