Theory of Needs by Maslow versus Vroom's Expectancy Theory

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Theory of Needs by Maslow versus Vroom's Expectancy Theory
Unlike the Theory of Needs by Maslow, Vroom's Expectancy Theory (ET) does NOT a priori assumes there are certain needs present in a certain order or hierarchy. In ET, outcomes are (perceived as) valuable when they correspond with a personal goal. As a consequence, ET misses the general predictive capability of Maslow, but is stronger in explaining individual motivation.

ET is personal, individual
Indeed, the formula derived by ET is related to the personal goal. Suppose you have a never ending need to satisfy the theory rightly, this would convert you into a machine that works non-stop to achive that. Well this can be called motivation but at what cost are you able to sustain such high motivation is to be debated. ET is a fantastic tool for understanding individual motivation.

Expectancy Theory vs Maslow's model
Francis Mathew
ET does not need to have that predictive capability as all managers are concerned with how to get the maximum out of an individual. Once a manager realises that an individual knows that he can achieve a target and this will also give him that satisfaction, there is nothing more required for the manager in order to get the best off that individual.



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