Dreyfus & Dreyfus Model of Skills Acquisition

Stages of Team Development
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Peter Waskiw
United States
According to brothers Stuart E. Dreyfus and Hubert L. Dreyfus (A Five-Stage Model of the Mental Activities Involved in Directed Skill Acquisition, University of California, Berkely, February 1980) individuals move through 5 stages when acquiring skills through instruction and practicing: Stage 1. Novice > Stage 2. Competence > Stage 3. Proficiency > Stage 4. Expertise > Stage 5. Mastery Later they slightly improved their stages and titles into: - Stage 1. Novice (follows rules, specific rules for specific circumstances, no modifiers, context free, does not feel responsible for anything other than following the rule) - Stage 2. Advanced Beginner (new “situational” elements are identified, rules begin to be applied to related conditions, decisions still are made by rule application, does not experience personal responsibility) - Stage 3. Competent. (numbers of rules becomes excessive, learn organizing principles or “perspectives”, perspectives permit assorting information by releva (...) Read more? Sign up for free


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