Alex Dail, Member
In my experience transformational leadership can, and perhaps should happen at all levels
. When a person's vision and values are not generated by self-interest, they become natural influencers.
Here's why strongly intrinsic purposes will find extrinsic (outward) attractive expressions, especially if they are not generated by self-interest. When people form their vision and values based on an interest in others, they actively promote those values by word and deed out of an interest in others. This gains peoples' attention.
The result is, people will start following that person because they understand such a person is concerned about what is generally benefical. This will happen regardless whether or not a person holds a senior executive postion.
Conversely senior executives can and should also be highly transactional in their leadership. Why? Because networking is vital, and the strength of working through networks is transactionally based.