The Five Essentials of Military Strength

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The Five Essentials of Military Strength
Saunghun Shin, Strategy Consultant, Korea (South), Premium Member
According to Sun Tzu, the 5 essentials of military strength are:
  • Do(道): This principle means that the people are willing to die together with the monarch, and live together, and are not afraid of danger.
  • Chun(天): This principle refers to season and time conditions, such as day and night, cold and hot, clear and cloudy.
  • Zee(地): This principle refers to geographical conditions such as distant or near, steep and flatness of topography, wide and narrow of area, advantages and disadvantages of the terrain.
  • Jhang(蟧): This principle refers to the workmanship, such as mind resource, faith, humanism, courage, dignity.
  • Bup(腟): This principle is a matter of military composition, responsibility, division, military service, and management of materials.
These five substances must be known to all generals, and those who understand it will win, and those who don't know will not win.

Five Essentials of Military Strength
Jaap de Jonge, CEO, Netherlands, Editor
Hi Saunghun,
Thank you for sharing this interesting topic. Could you please reply and add a translation in English of each of the 5 terms?



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