Disadvantages of Management by Objectives?
I'm trying to build a complete list of all disadvantages of Management by Objectives
1. May lead to suboptimalization
: people or departments are not stimulated to look beyond their own objectives and help eachother.
2. Innovation is not stimulated
3. The time and paperwork
4. Potential misuse
by superiors who simply assign (rather than negotiate) objectives.
5. Subordinates may try to negotiate easy goals
6. Watch out for unrealistic (too high) expectations
about what can be reasonably accomplished.
Here's a couple of weaknesses in the MBO assumption base that I use:
1. It emphasizes the setting of goals over the working of a plan.
2. It underemphasizes the importance of the environment or context in which the goals were set. That context includes everything from the availability and quality of resources, to relative buy-in by leadership and stakeholders.
3. It doesn't address the importance of successfully responding to obstacles and constraints as essential to reaching a goal. The model didn’t adequately cope with the obstacles of:
· Defects in resources, planning and methodology,
· The increasing burden of managing the information organization challenge,
· The impact of a rapidly changing environment, which could alter the landscape enough to make yesterday’s goals and action plans irrelevant to the present.