Factors in Organizational Culture?

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Factors in Organizational Culture?
Simon Murrin
What main factors are making up or influencing the culture of an organization?

Culture Factors
Hi Simon, there are really quite a number of aspects influencing the culture of an organisation. You can think of: 1. Size of the organisation 2. Organogram (Functional, Matrix) 3. Processes (formalised or informal) 4. Leadership style 5. Management style 6. Power (central or decentralised) 7. Control systems 8. Reward systems 9. Stories 10. Symbols 11. Rituals 12. Beliefs 13. Assumptions 14. Attitudes 15. Values 16. Culture(s) of external environment (countries or regions). Maybe also 17. Strategy? 18. Vision?

Constituents of Organizational Culture
Another component or ingredient in the culture of an organization might be Management Commitment.

Factors In Organization Culture
Gérard Kakala
Amir, I think what Jim gave is complete. In my opinion management commitment should be associated to the Management style ( point 5).

Factors in Organizational Culture: OPM Model
Richard de Laat
Another way to look at it is the Organizational Performance Model (OPM) by Dave Hanna "Leadership for the Ages". It nicely shows how culture has the Behavioral Level (manifest, visible, fly on the wall perspective) and the Paradigm Level (believes, etc, conscious and unconscious).
In addition, he points to process, structure, information, decision taking, rewards, and HR (people, training, etc) factors that drive the behavior. All those, are driven by the purpose of the organization, (mission, vision, strategy), which is driven by (perceived stakeholder needs).
The model is very practical in diagnosing issues, and designing solutions, by starting with asking in how far the results are meeting the stakeholder needs.

Sources of Organizational Culture
Clevian Muchabveyo, Member
An organization's culture has serious implications on its performance. That's one reason why it's important to understand what are the various sources of an organization's culture…
I think using different authors, for instance Deal and Kennedy(1982), sources may include: core values, organisation socialization, legends etc.


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