What makes Clusters Start at some Place? How are Clusters Initiated?
In another discussion we have found the main success factors of clusters
. But what actually makes them start? How are clusters initiated?
1. Is it by fluke (luck)
? Some particular firm is successful and others try to imitate it by starting the same activities nearby and a cluster evolves.
2. Does it start with a few visionary firms
discussing and starting an industry which breaks up into a cluster?
3. Does it start artificially with governmental support
for a particular region?
4. Does it start with some perceived big gap due to changed paradigms
of technology in related areas?
It seems all 4 of these kickoff mechanisms of clusters are realistically possible. Perhaps there are even more?
By studying how some of the well known clusters started, we may learn more about this important economic phenomenon.