Membership Organizations and clusters
Functional Clusters effectively combine value chain action and supply chain dynamics. Membership organizations should not be called clusters as MO represent only a part of the social value chain of the respective cluster. MO, to a certain degree, could take action to improve the efficiency of cluster functioning by taking deliberate action to improve performance of cluster entities. Sustainability of MO is the question as most often MO s have been initiated by intervening (donors) agents with limited timelines. In short, clusters are natural developments in comparison to MOs that are synthetic entities.