McCallum Organisation Chart
Alleisha Shaddick, Student (University), Australia, Member
I found that ... the formalized organizational chart has been around since 1854, when Daniel McCallum became general superintendent of the New York and Erie Railroadne of the world's longest railroads. According to McCallum, since the railroad was one of the longest, the operating costs per mile should be less than those of shorter railroad lines. However, this was not the case. To remedy management inefficiencies, McCallum designed the first organizational chart in order to create a sense of structure.
The organizational chart has been described as looking like a tree, with the roots representing the president and the board of directors, while the branches symbolize the various departments and the leaves depict the staff workers...
Source: Chandler, Alfred D., Jr. (1988). "Origins of the Organization Chart" Harvard Business Review 88:2, (March/April):p. 156.