The Big Five Personality Traits (OCEAN Model) and Success
In psychological trait theory, the Big Five Personality Traits
, also known as the Five-Factor Model (FFM)
or the OCEAN model
or the CANOE model
, is a suggested model, taxonomy, or grouping for personality traits.
It was developed from the 1980s onwards. When factor analysis (a statistical technique) is applied to personality survey data, it reveals semantic associations: some words used to describe aspects of personality are often applied to the same person. For example, someone described as conscientious is more likely to be described as "always prepared" rather than "messy". These associations suggest five broad dimensions used in common language to describe the human personality and psyche.
The five factors are as follows:
- Openness to experience (inventive/curious vs. consistent/cautious)
- Conscientiousness (efficient/organized vs. extravagant/careless)
- Extraversion (outgoing/energetic vs. solitary/reserved)
- Agreeableness (friendly/compassionate vs. challenging/callous)
- Neuroticism (sensitive/nervous vs. resilient/confident)
Proponents of this personality traits model promote the idea that certain scores for the five traits are indicators of a person's potential for success. What I am not seeing in any of the literature is the definition of "success". What is the definition of success that the proponents use as justification for promoting the predictive value of the personality trait assessment tools they are offering?