Differences between Bureaucracy and Innovative Organization (Adhocracy)?
Dolan summarizes three main signs or differences between Mintzberg's 2nd and 5th configuration: adhocracy (AD) and machine bureaucracy (MB)
. It's good to remember them because they are so common:
- MB: Those working in a such environment are more focused on individual performance within their own organization, thereby taking little care of results and effectiveness of overall processes.
- AD: In contrast, AD emphasize on fulfilling customer needs and improving practices; this in which conditions for professional orientation are present.
- MB has a more case-centered view
- AD takes a more holistic view of their customers.
- MB: The orientation of such professionals has to do with ascribed authority characterized by opposing factors such as secrecy and resisting innovative ideas; this is mainly because bureaucracy is less able to react to changes.
- AD is transparency- and collaboration-oriented
Source: Dolan, T.E. (2010). “Revisiting Adhocracy: from Rhetorical Revisionism to Smart Jobs.” Journal of Future Studies