Job Rotation, Job Enlargement and Job Enrichment
Jaap de Jonge, CEO, Netherlands, Editor
At first, a very strong, rational division of tasks may seem logical, effective and efficient. However employees are not machines and such scientific approach is neither good for the motivation of employees, nor for their personal/professional development.
HUMAN RELATIONS MOVEMENT
That's why in the 1940-60's, following the Hawthorne experiments, 3 forms of social work structuring are slowly being introduced: job enlargement, job enrichment and job rotation.
- Job Enlargement. The tasks of an employee are extended with other tasks of the same (horizontal) level in the organization chart.
- Job Enrichment. The tasks of an employee are extended with other tasks of a higher (vertical) level in the organization chart. This means more skills are needed, more important work is done, more auto...